Sir Dalrymple Arbuthnot, 5th Bt
|Born||1 April 1867|
|Died||31 March 1941(aged 73)|
|Relations||Son of Sir William Arbuthnot, 3rd Baronet|
Arbuthnot was commissioned in the Royal Artillery on 17 February 1886. He served in the Chitral Expedition of 1895 in the North-West Frontier Province, where he was awarded a medal with clasp, and the following year was promoted to captain on 30 September 1896. He later served in the Second Boer War in South Africa from 1899 to 1902, being mentioned in despatches. He was promoted to major on 28 October 1901, and in January the following year was appointed an assistant staff officer for colonial forces in South Africa.
By the time the First World War broke out he had risen to Lieutenant-Colonel and was Officer Commanding of the 44th (Howitzer) Brigade Royal Field Artillery, based at Brighton. On mobilisation, the Brigade formed part of the artillery of the 2nd Division in the original British Expeditionary Force. Arbuthnot commanded the Brigade until May 1915, when he became Commander Royal Artillery of the newly formed 28th Division. Although the Division spent only ten months on the Western Front before re-deploying to Salonika, it took part in several engagements at Second Battle of Ypres and in the Battle of Loos.
Arbuthnot spent much of the rest of the war away from the Western Front. He was Brigadier General, Royal Artillery of the XII Corps at Salonika from January to July 1916, Commander Royal Artillery of the 23rd Division in France and Italy from January 1917 to July 1918, and Brigadier General, Royal Artillery of the XXIII Corps, Home Forces, from July 1918 to the Armistice. In World War I, he collected two medals and five clasps, being mentioned in despatches eight times, and being brevetted to command of the XII Corps in 1916. In the first years of the Second World War, he served with the Civil Defence.
Arbuthnot was honoured by the Crown with the title of Companion of The Most Distinguished Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1915 and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO). He was also a member of the Italian Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus. and was made an Honorary Brigadier-General in 1920. Also had been a Justice of Peace for Shropshire, he succeeded to his brother's baronetcy on 31 May 1916, when his brother was killed in the battle of Jutland.
On 15 January 1918, he married Alice Maud Arbuthnot, daughter of Hugh Lyttleton Arbuthnot. They had two children:
- Major Sir Robert Dalrymple Arbuthnot, 6th Baronet (1919–1944)
- Sir Hugh FitzGerald Arbuthnot, 7th Baronet (1922–1983)
- Memories: "Brig-General Sir Dalrymple ..." Burke's Peerage: "hon Brig-Gen 1920 RA." (meaning Royal Artillery)
- "No. 27377". The London Gazette. 15 November 1901. p. 7396.
- "No. 27427". The London Gazette. 22 April 1902. p. 2693.
- "Dalrymple Arbuthnot", by John Bourne
- Memories: "served in 1914–18 War (despatches, Brevet-Colonel, CMG 1915, DSO 1918)". Burke's Peerage: "served in 1914–18 War (despatches, Brevet)."
- Burke's Peerage 107th ed.
- Mrs P S-M Arbuthnot (1920). Memories of the Arbuthnots. George Allen & Unwin Ltd.
- Burke's Peerage & Baronetage 1975 107th ed.
- "thePeerage". Retrieved 11 December 2006.
|Baronetage of the United Kingdom|
Robert Keith Arbuthnot
Robert Dalrymple Arbuthnot