Sir Edward Seymour, 1st Baronet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Arms of Seymour of Berry Pomeroy: Gules, two wings conjoined in lure or. The Seymour line of Berry Pomeroy did not inherit the special grant of arms made to the 1st Duke of Somerset,[1] which descended to the children from his second marriage

Sir Edward Seymour, 1st Baronet (c. 1563 – 10 April 1613) of Berry Pomeroy, Devon, was Member of Parliament for Devon, twice High Sheriff of Devon[2] and an Army Colonel.[3]

Origins[edit]

Born at Berry Pomeroy Castle, Devon, of a family greatly influential in the Western counties, he was the son and heir of Lord Edward Seymour (died 1593), by his wife Margaret Walsh. He was the grandson of Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset (c. 1500 – 1552), Lord Protector, in the elder but lower ranking line of his descendants. Because of the alleged adultery of the Duke's first wife Catherine Fillol, the Dukedom had been entailed with preference to his sons by his second marriage.

Career[edit]

Aged 20 he was appointed Deputy Vice Admiral for the County of Devon. In 1586 he was Vice Admiral for Cornwall. In the late 16th century there was concern at the threat of a Spanish invasion and he received a commission as a Colonel in 1595, in charge of 1,600 men,[4] and responsible for an area of the south Devon coast from Dartmouth to Plymouth.[3] He was appointed High Sheriff of Devon in 1595 and 1605 and returned as Member of Parliament for Devon in 1593 and between 1601 and 1611.[5][6]

He spent a large sum extending Berry Pomeroy Castle, over £20,000 according to John Prince in his Worthies of Devon, 1697, particularly in the building of the north range in about 1600.[3] In 1604 he tried to claim part of his grandfather the Duke of Somerset's estate, but was opposed by his half-cousin Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford and was unsuccessful.[3]

From around 1611, as a result of the large expenditure on his home, the cost of supporting his eight children and legal expenses, he was apparently short of money.[3][7] Despite his financial problems on 29 June 1611 he was created Baronet Seymour, of Berry Pomeroy, the patent for which cost him £1,095.[4]

Marriage and children[edit]

Arms of Champernowne: Gules, a saltire vair between twelve billets or

At the age of 13 on 19 September 1576 he married Elizabeth Champernowne, having been betrothed to her for about ten years.[4] She was a daughter of Sir Arthur Champernowne (died 1578) of Dartington, Devon, Vice-Admiral of the West under Queen Elizabeth I. By her Seymour had children including:[8]

Sons[edit]

  • Sir Edward Seymour, 2nd Baronet (c. 1580 – 1659)
  • John Seymour
  • William Seymour (died 1622), married Joan Young, daughter of John Young[9]
  • Walter Seymour
  • Richard Seymour (died 1655) [9]

Daughters[edit]

  • Mary Seymour, married Sir George Farewill.[9]
  • Elizabeth Seymour, married George Cary of Cockington.[9]
  • Bridget Seymour (b. 1577), married Sir John Bruin.[9]
  • Anna Seymour (died 1639), married Edmond II Parker (1592–1649) of North Molton and Boringdon Hall, Plympton St Mary, ancestor of the Earl of Morley.[10]

Death and burial[edit]

He died in 1613 and was buried in Berry Pomeroy Church, where there survives a well-preserved monument to him, termed by Nikolaus Pevsner as "astonishingly naive".[11] He was succeeded by his eldest son Sir Edward Seymour, 2nd Baronet (c. 1580 – 1659).

Sources[edit]

  • Vivian, Lt.Col. J.L., (Ed.) The Visitations of the County of Devon: Comprising the Heralds' Visitations of 1531, 1564 & 1620, Exeter, 1895, pp. 702–703, Seymour of Berry Pomeroy

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vivian, p. 702, gives arms of Seymour of Berry Pomeroy as Gules, two wings conjoined in lure or
  2. ^ The Complete Peerage vol.XIIpI, p.84.
  3. ^ a b c d e Stewart Brown (1996), "Berry Pomeroy Castle", Devon Archaeological Society, 54: 210–211, ISSN 0305-5795 
  4. ^ a b c Deryck Seymour and Jack Hazzard (1982), Berry Pomeroy Castle, Torquay: Deryck Seymour, pp. 69–71, ISBN 0-9505949-1-1 
  5. ^ J. J. Alexander (1915), "Devon Country Members of Parliament, Part IV, The Tudor Period (1485-1603)", Rep. Trans. Devon. Ass. Advmt Sci., XLVII: 369–370 
  6. ^ J. J. Alexander (1916), "Devon Country Members of Parliament, Part V, The Stuart Period (1603-1688)", Rep. Trans. Devon. Ass. Advmt Sci., XLVIII: 330 
  7. ^ He wrote to his son Walter, who was studying at Oxford, urging him to be economical because a "cross fortune in the law" had added £2,000 to his debts and the total was crushing.
  8. ^ http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/SEYMOUR.htm#Edward SEYMOUR (1° Bt of Berry Pomeroy MP)[unreliable source]
  9. ^ a b c d e Vivian, p. 703
  10. ^ Vivian, p. 587, pedigree of Parker
  11. ^ Bridget Cherry & Nikolaus Pevsner (1989), The Buildings of England — Devon, Harmondsworth: Penguin, p. 166, ISBN 0-14-071050-7 
Parliament of England
Preceded by
William Courtenay
George Cary
Member for Devon
1593
With: Thomas Dennys
Succeeded by
William Strode
Amias Bampfield
Preceded by
William Strode
Amias Bampfield
Member for Devon
1601–1611
With: William Courtenay (1601)
Thomas Ridgeway (1604–1606)
John Acland (1607–1611)
Succeeded by
John Drake
Edward Giles
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
New creation
Baronet
of Berry Pomeroy
1611–1613
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Seymour, 2nd Baronet