Sir Francis Wortley, 1st Baronet

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Sir Francis Wortley, 1st Baronet (1591–1652), poet and politician who sat in the House of Commons between 1624 and 1626. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.[1]


Wortley was the son of Sir Richard Wortley, of Wortley Hall, Yorkshire and his wife Elizabeth Boughton daughter of Edward Boughton, of Cawston, Warwickshire (afterwards Countess of Devonshire). He succeeded his father in the family estates on 25 July 1603.[2] He matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford on 17 February 1609, aged 17.[3] He was knighted at Theobald's on 15 January 1611 and was created a baronet on 29 June 1611. He was admitted to Gray's Inn on 1 August 1624. In 1624, he was elected Member of Parliament for East Retford in the Happy Parliament. He was re-elected MP for East Retford in 1625 and 1626.[2]

Wortley was a devoted supporter of the Royalist cause during the Civil Wars. He raised a troop of horse and fortified his house at Wortley.[2] He supported Charles II in the Siege of Hull (1642). He was captured in 1644 at Wotton House, near Wakefield and imprisoned in the Tower of London from 1644 to 1648. His estates were sequestrated and he was fined £500 on 24 April 1647. [2] While in prison he published Characters and Elegies in 1646, and some other works. He was a friend of Ben Jonson, and contributed to Jonsonus Virbius, in 1638.[4][5]

Wortley died in 1653 and directed that he be buried with his father at Windsor.[2]


Wortley married firstly, Grace Brouncker, daughter of Sir William Brouncker of Melskaham, Wiltshire. He married secondly, after 1615, Hester Eyre, widow of Christopher Eyre Alderman of London, and daughter of George Smithes, Alderman and Sheriff of London. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son Francis.[2]


  1. ^ Ian William McLellan, "Wortley, Sir Francis, first baronet (1591–1652)", first published September 2004. Retrieved 30 March 2010
  2. ^ a b c d e f George Edward Cokayne Complete Baronetage 1900
  3. ^ 'Alumni Oxonienses, 1500-1714: Woodall-Wyvill', Alumni Oxonienses 1500-1714 (1891), pp. 1674-1697. Date accessed: 22 May 2012
  4. ^ Firth 1900, p. 45
  5. ^ Ben Jonson, William Gifford (1816). The works of Ben Jonson...: with notes critical and explanatory, and a biographical memoir, Volume 9, G. and W. Nicol. p. 409

Further reading[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Nathaniel Rich
John Holles
Member of Parliament for East Retford
With: John Holles
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Osborne
Henry Stanhope, Lord Stanhope
Baronetage of England
New creation Baronet
(of Wortley)
Succeeded by
Francis Wortley