Sir George Strickland, 7th Baronet

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Sir George Strickland, 7th Baronet (26 May 1782 – 23 December 1874), also known as Sir George Cholmley was an English Member of Parliament and lawyer. He took the name Cholmley to succeed to the Cholmley estates in 1865.

Life[edit]

Strickland was the second son of Sir William Strickland, 6th Baronet, of Boynton in Yorkshire, but his older brother died before him and he inherited the baronetcy on his father's death in 1834. Strickland was Lord of the Manor of Wintringham.[1]

Strickland began his career in the law, being called to the Bar in 1810, and practised as a barrister on the Northern Circuit. However, he took an interest in politics, supporting the Whigs and being an ardent supporter of Parliamentary reform and an early advocate of the secret ballot.[2]

In 1830, at the height of the agitation over the Great Reform Bill, he stood for Parliament in the by-election for Yorkshire that followed Brougham's appointment as Lord Chancellor, but was defeated by another Whig. However, at the general election the following year both men were returned unopposed,[2] and Strickland helped vote the Reform Bill into law. His own Yorkshire constituency was divided under the 1832 Reform Act, and he stood and was elected for the West Riding in 1832,[3] which he continued to represent[4] until 1841. In 1840 he attended the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London as a corresponding member of the society.[5]

In 1841, he was instead elected member for Preston,[6] a constituency he served for a further sixteen years.[7][8] He remained a reforming member throughout his career, also advocating church reform and relief for dissenters.[citation needed]

Strickland was a well known breeder of racehorses. He lived mainly at Boynton, though his address is recorded as Hildenley in his return as MP for Yorkshire in 1831.[2] In 1844 it seems to have been his opposition that was the principal objection to a projected railway joining Bridlington and York, proposed by George Hudson, which would have passed through Boynton; the railway was never built.[citation needed]

In 1865, he inherited from Nathaniel Cholmley extensive estates at Whitby, Howsham and North Elmsall. In accordance with the terms of Cholmley's will, Strickland adopted by Royal Licence[9] the surname Cholmley and the arms of Cholmley and Wentworth in place of his own and lived the remaining nine years of his life as Sir George Cholmley. On his death in 1874, however, his eldest son and heir Charles reverted to the Strickland surname and arms.[citation needed]

Marriage and children[edit]

Strickland married Mary Constable, daughter of the Reverend Charles Constable of Wassand in 1818. They had three sons and at least one daughter.[citation needed]

  1. Charles, the eldest son, succeeded to the baronetcy was one of the first winners at Henley Royal Regatta.
  2. Frederick, the middle son, was friends with Francis Galton and whose death on 19 October 1849 -- from hypothermia after falling in a stream and getting lost on his snowy October descent from Mount Washington, New Hampshire -- Galton described[10]
  3. Lucy Henrietta Strickland (1822–8 July 1871), daughter, married, on 19 December 1844, to James Marriott (died 10 October 1871).[citation needed]
  4. Henry, the youngest son, by whom are descended the Strickland-Constables of Wassand who now hold the baronetcy, which they inherited after the direct Strickland line failed in 1938.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wintringham, Yorkshire, England. Geographical and Historical information from 1868". Genuki.org.uk. 2017-05-13. Retrieved 2017-07-24. 
  2. ^ a b c "No. 18804". The London Gazette. 17 May 1831. p. 948. 
  3. ^ "No. 19010". The London Gazette. 4 January 1833. p. 27. 
  4. ^ "No. 19533". The London Gazette. 18 August 1837. p. 2181. 
  5. ^ "British and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society: Convention, June 12, 1840". British and Foreign Anti-slavery Society : Wilson Anti-Slavery Collection. University of Manchester, John Rylands University Library. 1840. JSTOR 60228328. 
  6. ^ "No. 19998". The London Gazette. 13 July 1841. p. 1811. 
  7. ^ "No. 20763". The London Gazette. 10 August 1847. p. 2920. 
  8. ^ "No. 21339". The London Gazette. 16 July 1852. p. 1972. 
  9. ^ "No. 22954". The London Gazette. 4 April 1865. p. 1882. 
  10. ^ Mike Dickerman, ed. (2017-07-24). Mount Washington: Narratives and Perspectives. Books.google.com. p. 75. ISBN 9781439661642. Retrieved 2017-07-24. 

Sources[edit]

  • Memorial inscription, Boynton Church, Yorkshire[citation needed]
  • A Gooder (ed.) The Parliamentary Representation of Yorkshire, 1258-1832 (Yorkshire Archaeological Society, Record Series, 1935)
  • J Holladay Philbin, Parliamentary Representation 1832 - England and Wales (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1965)
  • M Stenton (ed.), Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume I: 1832-1885 (Hassocks: Harvester Press, 1976)
  • Victoria County History of the East Riding of Yorkshire[citation needed]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Viscount Morpeth
Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
William Duncombe
Richard Bethell
Member of Parliament for Yorkshire
1831–1832
With: Sir John Vanden-Bempde-Johnstone, Bt
John Charles Ramsden
Viscount Morpeth
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for West Riding of Yorkshire
1832–1841
With: Viscount Morpeth
Succeeded by
Hon. John Stuart-Wortley
Edmund Beckett
Preceded by
Sir Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood, Bt
Robert Townley Parker
Member of Parliament for Preston
1841–1857
With: Sir Peter Hesketh-Fleetwood, Bt 1841–1847
Charles Grenfell 1847–1852
Robert Townley Parker 1852–1857
Succeeded by
Charles Grenfell
R. A. Cross
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
William Strickland
Baronet
(of Boynton)
1834–1874
Succeeded by
Charles Strickland