Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 1st Baronet

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Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 1st Baronet
Sheriff of London
In office
1703–1704
Lord Mayor of London
In office
1710–1711
Preceded bySir Samuel Garrard, 4th Baronet
Succeeded bySir Robert Beachcroft
Director of the Bank of England
In office
1694–1733
President of St Thomas' Hospital
In office
1722–1733
Member of Parliament
for City of London
In office
1701–1710
Member of Parliament
for Helston
In office
1715–1722
Member of Parliament
for Lymington
In office
1722–1727
Member of Parliament
for St St Germans
In office
1727–1733
Personal details
Born(1652-01-02)2 January 1652
Chesterfield
Died25 January 1733(1733-01-25) (aged 81)
Lonson
Political partyWhig
MotherAnne Dickons
FatherGilbert Heathcote

Sir Gilbert Heathcote, 1st Baronet (2 January 1652 – 25 January 1733) was a British merchant and Whig politician who sat in the English and British House of Commons between 1701 and 1733. He was a Governor of the Bank of England and was Lord Mayor of London in 1711.

Early life[edit]

Heathcote was the eldest son of Gilbert Heathcote of Chesterfield, Derbyshire, and his wife Anne Dickons, daughter of George Dickons of Chesterfield. He began his apprenticeship as a merchant overseas, and returned to England in 1680 to set himself up as a City trader. He became a Freeman of the Vintners’ Company in 1681. On 30 May 1682, he married Hester Rayner, daughter of Christopher Rayner, merchant, of London. [1] He was living in the parish of St. Dunstan's-in-the-East in 1682 and established a business as a merchant in St Swithin's Lane trading in Spanish wines and other produce.[2] He took his first step in Corporation government when elected Common Councilman for Walbrook ward in 1689. [3] In 1690, he succeeded his father. [4]

Heathcote was an agent for Jamaica from 1693 to 1704,[4] furnishing remittances on behalf of the government for the troops there. He also traded extensively with the East Indies. In 1693 the ship Redbridge, of which he was part owner, was detained by the East India Company, which claimed a monopoly of the trade with India. He asserted at the bar of the House of Commons his right to trade wherever he pleased, unless restrained by Parliament, and the house declared by resolution against the company's monopoly. Heathcote promoted the bill for a new East India Company.[2] In 1694 he was a Commissioner taking subscriptions to the Bank of England and selected by ballot as a director of the bank from then, with statutory intervals for the rest of his life. He was a commissioner for Greenwich Hospital in 1695. In 1697 he was a trustee for Exchequer bills and became treasurer of the Eastland Company until 1699.[4] At a meeting of this company, held in London about 1698, Peter the Great was present, and was addressed by Heathcote ‘in high Dutch’ with reference to the importation of tobacco into his dominions.[2] In 1698 he was a Commissioner for taking subscriptions to the New East India Company loan subscribing 10,000l. of its capital himself. He was a member of a committee of seven to arrange matters with the old company and became a Director of the new Company until 1704.[2] name=HOP/>

Political career[edit]

In 1708, Sir Gilbert Heathcote and his brothers were granted a new set of arms, Ermine, three pommes, each charged with a cross or, which added the ermine field to the ancient Heathcote arms, previously argent.[5]

At the 1698 English general election Heathcote stood for Parliament for the City of London, but was defeated. He became a member of the Russia Company in 1699. In 1700 he was master of the Vintners’ Company. He was returned as Member of Parliament for City of London at the first general election of 1701 but was expelled on 20 March 1701 for his share in the circulation of some exchequer bills. He was however returned at the second general election of 1701.[4]

Heathcote became an alderman for Walbrook on 30 June 1702[3] and was returned again as MP for London at the 1702 English general election. He was knighted by the Queen on 29 October 1702, when she was dining at banquet at the Guildhall.[2] He was also a manager of the united trade of the English company trading with the East Indies from 1702 to 1704. He was elected Sheriff of London on midsummer-day 1703, having been fined in 1698 for declining the office, and served for the year 1703 to 1704.[4] In 1705 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[6] He was a manager of the united trade again from 1705 to 1709. At the 1705 English general election he was returned again as MP for the City of London.. He was a trustee for receiving the loan to the Emperor in 1706[4]. From 1707 to 1710 he was a Colonel of the Blue Regiment of the city Militia, and was treasurer of the Honourable Artillery Company (HAC) from 1708 to 1711.[3] At the 1708 British general election he was returned again as MP for the City of London. He was governor of the Bank of England from 1709 to 1711.[4] By an act of parliament extending the Bank's charter to 1710, Heathcote's gain was said to be 60,000l.[2] At the 1710 general election he lost his parliamentary seat for the City of London.[4]

In 1710, when Heathcote was next in seniority for election as Lord Mayor of London, he was strongly opposed by the court party, who objected to the remonstrance he addressed to the queen, but the court of aldermen finally elected him and he served from 1710 to 1711. He was unpopular and for this reason his Lord Mayor’s procession to Westminster on 30 October was cut short, and the livery companies attended him by water in their barges.[2] He was the last Lord Mayor to ride on horseback in the Mayoral procession.[7] He was vice-president of the HAC from 1711 to 1720 and resumed his command of the Blue Regiment in 1714 remaining as colonel for the rest of his life.[3]

At the 1715 British general election Heathcote was returned as MP for Helston. He was appointed Commissioner for fifty new churches in 1715, remaining until 1727. By 1719 he was Governor of the Eastland Company. He was president of the HAC from 1720 for the rest of his life. At the 1722 British general election, he was returned as MP for New Lymington. He became president of St Thomas' Hospital in 1722 for the rest of his life.[8] In 1725 he changed wards and became Alderman for Bridge Without ward, for the rest of his life.[3] At the 1727 British general election he was returned as MP for St Germans.[8]He purchased Normanton Hall in 1729 from Sir Thomas Mackworth, 4th Baronet. He was appointed a commissioner for the colony of Georgia in October 1732, and obtained much support for the proposal from his fellow-directors of the Bank of England . He was created a baronet in 1733, eight days before his death.[1]

Normanton Park, Rutland

Although extremely rich, Heathcote's meanness is referred to by Pope; and it was this trait that accounts largely for his unpopularity with the populace.[2] He died in London on 25 January 1733 and was buried at Normanton Hall, a residence which he had purchased in 1729 from Sir Thomas Mackworth, 4th Baronet. A monument by the Flemish sculptor Rysbrack is now in Edith Weston church. Caleb Heathcote was his brother.

Descendants[edit]

A descendant, Sir Gilbert John Heathcote, 5th Baronet (1795–1867), was created Baron Aveland in 1856; and his son Gilbert Henry, who in 1888 inherited from his mother the barony of Willoughby de Eresby, became 1st Earl of Ancaster in 1892.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cokayne, George Edward, ed. (1906), Complete Baronetage volume 5 (1707–1800) - London, 5, Exeter: William Pollard and Co, p. 95, retrieved 6 February 2019
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Stephen, Leslie; Lee, Sidney, eds. (1891). "Heathcote, Gilbert" . Dictionary of National Biography. 25. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. ^ a b c d e Alfred P Beaven. ", 'Chronological list of aldermen: 1701-1800', in The Aldermen of the City of London Temp. Henry III - 1912 (London, 1908), pp. 119-140". British History Online. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "HEATHCOTE, Gilbert (1652-1733), of St. Swithin's Lane, London; Leyton, Essex, and Normanton, Rutland". History of Parliament Online (1690-1715). Retrieved 16 August 2018. Cite error: The named reference "HOP" was defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  5. ^ Heathcote, Evelyn Dawsonne (1899). Account of Some of the Families Bearing the Name of Heathcote which Have Descended Out of the County of Derby. Warren. p. 48. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
  6. ^ Complete List of Royal Society Fellows 1660-2007 in 2 pdfs, published July 2007, retrieved July 31, 2012.
  7. ^ >Alfred P Beaven. "'Notes on the aldermen, 1701-1838', in The Aldermen of the City of London Temp. Henry III - 1912 (London, 1908), pp. 195-211". British History Online. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Heathcote, Sir Gilbert (1652-1733), of Low Leyton, Essex, and Normanton, Rutland". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754. Retrieved 16 August 2018.
  9. ^ Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. Burke's Peerage Limited. 1914. pp. 96–99. Retrieved 15 September 2017.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir John Fleet
Sir William Ashurst
Thomas Papillon
Sir James Houblon
Member of Parliament for the City of London
1701
With: Sir William Ashurst
Sir Robert Clayton
Sir William Withers
Succeeded by
Sir William Ashurst
Sir Robert Clayton
Sir William Withers
Sir John Fleet
Preceded by
Sir William Ashurst
Sir Robert Clayton
Sir William Withers
Sir John Fleet
Member of Parliament for the City of London
1701–1707
With: Sir William Ashurst 1701–1702, 1705–1707
Sir Robert Clayton 1701–1702, 1705–1707
Sir Thomas Abney 1701–1702
Sir William Prichard 1702–1705
Sir John Fleet 1702–1705
Sir Francis Child 1702–1705
Samuel Shepheard 1705–1707
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Parliament of England
Member of Parliament for the City of London
1707–1710
With: Sir Robert Clayton 1707
Samuel Shepheard 1707–1708
Sir William Ashurst 1707–1710
Sir William Withers 1707–1710
John Ward 1708–1710
Succeeded by
Sir William Withers
Sir Richard Hoare
Sir George Newland
Sir John Cass
Preceded by
Thomas Tonkin
Alexander Pendarves
Member of Parliament for Helston
1715–1722
With: Sidney Godolphin
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Raymond
Walter Carey
Preceded by
Lord Harry Powlett
Paul Burrard
Member of Parliament for Lymington
1722–1727
With: Paul Burrard
Succeeded by
Lord Nassau Powlett
Anthony Morgan
Preceded by
Lord Binning
Philip Cavendish
Member of Parliament for St Germans
1727–1733
With: Sidney Godolphin 1727–1732
Richard Eliot 1733
Succeeded by
Richard Eliot
Dudley Ryder
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Francis Eyles
Governor of the Bank of England
1709–1711
Succeeded by
Sir Nathaniel Gould
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Scawen
Governor of the Bank of England
1723–1725
Succeeded by
William Thompson
Civic offices
Preceded by
Sir Samuel Garrard, 4th Baronet
Coat of Arms of The City of London.svg
Lord Mayor of London

1710–1711
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Beachcroft
Baronetage of Great Britain
New creation Baronet
(of London)
1733
Succeeded by
John Heathcote