Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Baronet

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Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Baronet (1657–1698)[1] was an English Whig politician and baronet.

Family[edit]

Henry Hobart was the eldest son to Sir John Hobart, 3rd Baronet and his first wife Mary Hampden, daughter to John Hampden.[2] He was knighted at Blickling by King Charles II of England in 1671 and succeeded his father as baronet in 1683.[3]

Hobart was educated at St John's College, Cambridge.[4]

On 9 July 1684, he married Elizabeth Maynard, eldest daughter to Sir Joseph Maynard, and had by her a son and three daughters.[2] His eldest daughter Henrietta was a mistress of King George II of Great Britain.[5] The second daughter Catherine married George Churchill, son to Admiral George Churchill.[6] Lady Hobart died in 1701.[3]

Hobart was succeeded in the baronetcy by his son John, later raised to the peerage as Earl of Buckinghamshire.[7]

Career[edit]

Henry Hobart was Gentleman of the Horse to King William III of England and fought under him in the Battle of the Boyne,[6] and a year later was appointed Vice-Admiral of Norfolk.[8]

Hobart was a Member of parliament for King's Lynn in the English House of Commons between 1681 and 1685.[9] He represented Thetford from January to February 1689[10] and subsequently Norfolk until 1690.[11] In 1694, he was elected for Bere Alston, a seat he held until the following year,[12] when he was returned again for Norfolk until the July–August 1698 election, which he fought and lost.

Death[edit]

The Duel Stone

On 20 August, after the 1698 election, Hobart fought a duel with Oliver Le Neve on Cawston Heath, and was mortally wounded. Le Neve of Witchingham Hall, Great Witchingham, fought left-handed and was wounded in the arm by Hobart who had a reputation as a good swordsman. However, Le Neve struck back and injured his opponent so badly that he died next day at Blickling. As there were no seconds or witnesses, the duel was illegal. Le Neve fled to Holland but returned to England two years later, when he was tried and acquitted.[13][14] Hobart was buried in the Blickling family vault.

A plinth with urn, called the Duel Stone, which commemorates the duel, stands in a National Trust plot on Norwich Road in Cawston.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Leigh Rayment - Baronetage". Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Burke, John (1832). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire. vol. I (4th ed.). London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. pp. 173–174. 
  3. ^ a b "ThePeerage - Sir Henry Hobart, 4th Bt". Retrieved 31 December 2006. 
  4. ^ "Hobart, Henry, Sir, Knt (HBRT674H)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  5. ^  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1891). "Howard, Henrietta". Dictionary of National Biography. 28. London: Smith, Elder & Co. p. 22. 
  6. ^ a b Collins, Arthur (1812). Sir Egerton Brydges, ed. Collin's Peerage of England. vol. IV. London: T. Bensley. pp. 367–369. 
  7. ^ Debrett, John (1828). Debrett's Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. vol. I (17th ed.). London: G. Woodfall. p. 166. 
  8. ^ Marsden, R. G. (1908). The English Historical Review. vol. XXIII. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 743. 
  9. ^ "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, King's Lynn". Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  10. ^ "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Thetford". Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  11. ^ "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Norfolk". Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  12. ^ "Leigh Rayment - British House of Commons, Bere Alston". Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  13. ^ Nicholson, Adam (2012); Gentry: Six Hundred Years of a Peculiarly English Class, Part III: The Great Century 1610-1710, "Honour: The le Neves, Great Witchingham, Norfolk", HarperCollins. ISBN 0007335504
  14. ^ Rye, Francis, Rye, Amy; Calendar of Correspondence and Documents Relating to the Family of Oliver Le Neve, of Witchingham, Norfolk, 1675-1743, Norwich, A. H. Goose, (1895). Reprint Rarebooksclub.com (2012). ISBN 1130313972
Parliament of England
Preceded by
John Turner
Sir Simon Taylor
Member of Parliament for King's Lynn
1681–1685
With: Sir Simon Taylor
Succeeded by
Sir John Turner
Sir Simon Taylor
Preceded by
William de Grey
Henry Heveningham
Member of Parliament for Thetford
Jan–Feb 1689
With: William Harbord
Succeeded by
William Harbord
Sir Francis Guybon
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Hare
Sir Jacob Astley
Member of Parliament for Norfolk
1689–1690
With: Sir William Cook
Succeeded by
Sir Jacob Astley
Sir William Cook
Preceded by
John Smith
John Swinfen
Member of Parliament for Bere Alston
1694–1695
With: John Smith 1694–1695
John Elwill 1695
Succeeded by
John Elwill
Sir Rowland Gwynne
Preceded by
Sir Jacob Astley
Sir William Cook
Member of Parliament for Norfolk
1695–1698
With: Sir Jacob Astley
Succeeded by
Sir Jacob Astley
Sir William Cook
Honorary titles
Vacant
Title last held by
The Earl of Yarmouth
Vice-Admiral of Norfolk
1691–1698
Succeeded by
Lord Paston
Baronetage of England
Preceded by
John Hobart
Baronet
(of Intwood)
1683–1698
Succeeded by
John Hobart