Sir Henry Strachey, 1st Baronet

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Sir Henry Strachey, 1st Baronet (23 May 1736 – 3 January 1810) was a British civil servant and politician.

Life[edit]

Strachey was the eldest son of Henry Strachey, of Sutton Court, Somerset, and his first wife Helen, daughter of Robert Clerk, a Scottish physician. His grandfather was the geologist John Strachey and his great-grandfather John Strachey was a friend of John Locke. [1]

He was appointed private secretary to Lord Clive in India in 1762, a position he held until 1768, when he was returned to Parliament for Pontefract. He sat for this constituency until 1774, and later represented Bishop's Castle from 1774 to 1778 and from 1780 to 1802, Saltash from 1774 to 1780 and East Grinstead from 1802 to 1807. [1] Strachey was Clerk of the Deliveries of the Ordnance from 1778 to 1780 and Principal Storekeeper of the Ordnance from October 1780 to May 1782 and after a hiatus again in 1783-84. He served under the Marquess of Rockingham as Joint Secretary to the Treasury in 1782 and under the Earl of Shelburne as Joint Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1782 to 1783.

He took part in the peace negotiations with the American colonies in Paris in 1783 with Richard Oswald representing the British and John Jay, Johns Adams and Benjamin Franklin representing the Americans. This resulted in the Treaty of Paris (1783). He later served as Master of the Household between 1794 and 1810.

In 1801, he was created a Baronet, of Sutton Court in the County of Somerset.[1][2]

Strachey died in January 1810, aged 72, and was succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest son Henry.[1]

Family[edit]

In 1770 Strachey married Jane, only daughter of Capt. John Kelsall (1702-1787), the widow of Capt. Thomas Latham.[3] They had three sons and one daughter. His second son Edward Strachey was the father of John Strachey and Lieutenant-General Sir Richard Strachey and the grandfather of Lytton Strachey, James Strachey, Oliver Strachey and Dorothy Bussy. Other descendants of Strachey include the Liberal politician Edward Strachey, 1st Baron Strachie, the journalist John Strachey and the Labour politician John Strachey. Lady Strachey died on 12 February 1824.[1]

References[edit]

Attribution

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
The Viscount Galway
Sir Rowland Winn
Member of Parliament for Pontefract
1768–1774
With: The Viscount Galway 1768–1772
The Viscount Galway 1772–1774
Robert Monckton 1774
Succeeded by
Sir John Goodricke
Charles Mellish
Preceded by
George Clive
Alexander Wedderburn
Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle
1774–1778
With: George Clive
Succeeded by
George Clive
Alexander Wedderburn
Preceded by
Grey Cooper
Sir Charles Whitworth
Member of Parliament for Saltash
1778–1780
With: Grey Cooper
Succeeded by
Grey Cooper
Charles Jenkinson
Preceded by
Alexander Wedderburn
William Clive
Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle
1780–1801
With: William Clive
Succeeded by
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Bishop's Castle
1801–1802
With: William Clive
Succeeded by
William Clive
John Robinson
Preceded by
Nathaniel Dance
Charles Ellis
Member of Parliament for East Grinstead
1802–1807
With: Daniel Giles
Succeeded by
Charles Ellis
Richard Wellesley
Political offices
Preceded by
Benjamin Langlois
Clerk of the Deliveries of the Ordnance
1778–1780
Succeeded by
John Kenrick
Storekeeper of the Ordnance
1780–1782
Succeeded by
John Aldridge
Preceded by
Sir Grey Cooper
John Robinson
Secretary to the Treasury
1782
With: Edward Chamberlain
Richard Burke
Succeeded by
Thomas Orde
George Rose
Preceded by
Thomas Orde
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1782–1783
Succeeded by
Hon. George North
Preceded by
John Aldridge
Storekeeper of the Ordnance
1783–1784
Succeeded by
John Aldridge
Court offices
Preceded by
Sir Francis Henry Drake
Master of the Household
1794–1810
Succeeded by
William Kenrick
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Sutton Court)
1801–1810
Succeeded by
Henry Strachey