Sir Horace Rumbold, 8th Baronet

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Sir Horace Rumbold, 8th Baronet, GCB, GCMG, PC (2 July 1829 – 3 November 1913) was a British diplomat who was minister or ambassador to several countries. He succeeded his brother, Charles, as Baronet in 1877.


He was educated privately in Paris and (no examinations being then required) was introduced into the diplomatic service by Lord Palmerston in 1849. He was posted in the same year as attaché to Turin (then the capital of the Kingdom of Sardinia-Piedmont) and subsequently served at Paris, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Vienna and Ragusa. In December 1858 he was appointed secretary of the legation in China and went there in March 1859. The minister, Frederick Bruce, sent him back to England in January 1860 to report to the British government the active resistance which was offered to the progress of the British mission to the Chinese capital. This report led to the Anglo-French expedition to Peking (Beijing) in that year (in the second phase of the Second Opium War).

Rumbold then held a succession of further posts as secretary of legation or embassy in Athens, Bern, St Petersburg and Constantinople. He then became Minister to Chile 1872–78;[1] to the Swiss Confederation 1878–79;[2] to Argentina 1879–81;[3] to Sweden and Norway 1881–84;[4] to Greece 1884–88;[5] to the Netherlands 1888–96;[6] and finally Ambassador to Austria 1896–1900.[7]


Rumbold was the fourth son of Sir William Rumbold, 3rd Baronet (1787–1833), and Henrietta Elizabeth née Parkyns (1789–1830). His wives were Caroline Burney née Harrington (d. 1872) and Louisa Anne (d. 1940), daughter of Thomas Russell Crampton. His sons were the diplomat Horace, who succeeded as 9th baronet, and Hugo, a theatrical scenery and costume designer.[8]


Horace Rumbold succeeded to the Rumbold baronetcy on the death of his brother, the 7th Baronet, in 1877. He was knighted KCMG in 1886,[9] promoted to GCMG in 1892[10] and given the additional honour of GCB in the Queen's Birthday Honours of 1897.[11] He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1896.[12]


  • The great silver river: notes of a residence in Buenos Ayres in 1880 and 1881, John Murray, London, 1890
  • An English tribute to the Emperor Francis Joseph in The National Review, London, November 1902
  • Recollections of a diplomatist, Edward Arnold, London, 1902
  • Further Recollections of a Diplomatist, Edward Arnold, London, 1903
  • Final recollections of a diplomatist [1885-1900], Edward Arnold, London, 1905
  • The Austrian court in the nineteenth century, Methuen, London, 1909


  1. ^ "No. 23913". The London Gazette. 29 October 1872. p. 5059.
  2. ^ "No. 24547". The London Gazette. 29 January 1878. p. 457.
  3. ^ "No. 24772". The London Gazette. 17 October 1879. p. 5977.
  4. ^ "No. 24965". The London Gazette. 26 April 1881. p. 2000.
  5. ^ "No. 25427". The London Gazette. 30 December 1884. p. 6009.
  6. ^ "No. 25785". The London Gazette. 10 February 1888. p. 893.
  7. ^ "No. 26786". The London Gazette. 16 October 1896. p. 5677.
  8. ^ Otte 2004.
  9. ^ "No. 25614". The London Gazette. 6 August 1886. p. 3793.
  10. ^ "No. 26291". The London Gazette. 25 May 1892. p. 3139.
  11. ^ "No. 26867". The London Gazette (Supplement). 25 June 1897. p. 3568.
  12. ^ "No. 26799". The London Gazette. 1 December 1896. p. 7093.


Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
William Taylour Thomson
as Chargé d'Affaires and Consul-General
Minister Resident and Consul-General to the Republic of Chile
Succeeded by
Hon. Francis Pakenham
Preceded by
Edwin Corbett
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Swiss Confederation
Succeeded by
Henry Bax-Ironside
Preceded by
Clare Ford
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the Argentine Republic
Succeeded by
George Glynne Petre
Preceded by
Hon. Edward Erskine
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the King of Sweden and Norway
Succeeded by
Edwin Corbett
Preceded by
Clare Ford
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the King of the Hellenes
Succeeded by
Hon. Edmund Monson
Preceded by
Hon. William Stuart
Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the King of the Netherlands
Succeeded by
Sir Henry Howard
Preceded by
Sir Edmund Monson
Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Majesty The Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary
Succeeded by
Sir Francis Richard Plunkett
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Hale Rumbold
(of Woodhall)
Succeeded by
Horace Rumbold