Sir J. J. College of Architecture
|Location||Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
Sir J. J. College of Architecture is an architecture school located in downtown Mumbai (Bombay), affiliated to University of Mumbai. The Sir J.J College is a heritage building situated in the premises of Sir J. J. School of Art, rented from Government of Maharashtra as per the deed of Sir Jamsetjee Jejeebhoy. The college has two buildings where its departments are located and a small workshop building.
In 2008, it was recognised as a participant under the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) ECO (Energy Conservation and Commercialisation) III Project by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) — India.
Established in 1913, it was Asia's first architecture school, attached with Sir J. J. School of Art, itself established in 1896. In 1958, Sir J. J. School of Art was divided, with the Departments of Architecture and Applied Art becoming the Sir J. J. College of Architecture and Sir J.J. Institute of Applied Art respectively.
Sir J.J college of architecture is considered one of the foremost institutions of Architecture in India and is a recognized college of architecture all over the world .The origin can be traced to the founding of a Draftsman's Class, started with a view to produce men with a practical and really useful knowledge, fit to be employed in an Architect's office attached to the Sir J.J School of Arts in 1896, set up in the year 1857 by the erstwhile Government of Bombay from the grants made by the philanthropist Sir Jamshedji Jeejeebhoy, the first Baronet of Bombay.
The course was re-organized in 1913 to make it suitable for training in Architecture, and the Government Diploma Examination in Architecture was held subsequently. The entire course was again re-organized in 1936 and was made into a full-time Five-year course. In 1952, the department of Architecture was affiliated to the University of Bombay for teaching the courses leading to the Degree of Architecture.
|1911/12||The Architectural school was in charge of the consulting architect to Government of Bombay and the course had been enlarged to one of four years. A commencement had also been made in foundling a Museum of architectural casts, models and materials was an indispensable part of the equipment of such a school.|
|1913||Course was re-organized.|
|1914||A member of staff of the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London, was appointed and joined his duties at the commencement of 1914. The Department of Architecture was steadily growing, Matriculation Examination became a necessary minimum qualification and the course of studies was supposed to lead to Degrees in Architecture equivalent to University Degree. The aim of the teachers was to reach the standards of the schools of the Royal Institute of British Architects. The World War I began and a serious setback was given to all the progressive ideas of the improvement of the Department of Architecture.|
|1916||The Government Diploma in Architecture was established but no student was able to obtain it, as the fifth year class, which was to provide the necessary training did not exist yet.|
|1917||A course of Architecture of five years was in force.|
|1920||Prof. Cable who was the head of the section tried his best to raise the standard of education in Architecture and in 1920, the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) recognized the courses of Sir J.J College Of Architecture.|
|1922/23||The Diploma Examination in Architecture was held for the first time. The Department was blossoming into a full-fledged branch of a recognized standard. Teaching all subjects to establish equality of status with the Diploma of the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) became the ambition of the Department. Prof. Claude Batley was appointed to post who continued the efforts.|
|1924||Recognition in India was not very hard to get as the standard of the college had already been raised to the best education available in the country. Teaching and practical work done by the students of The Department was much better organized than in any other par of the country.|
|1929||The full day courses were started. It was only four years full-time course.|
|1936||A full-time course of five years was started.|
|1948/49||To meet the pressing demand for education in Architecture, the first and second year classes in Architectural Section were duplicated with an additional floor erected on the existing structure.|
|1949/50||The report of the Education Department read "The Architectural Section is recognized by the Royal Institute of British Architects and it is the only recognized School not only in India but in the whole of Asia."|
|1952||The University takes over the college from the Government.|
Located on Dadabhai Naoroji Road, the campus of this Institute contains three majestic buildings for education purposes and a dwelling worthy of mention. The Sir J. J. School of Art, called after the distinguished Parsee Baronet, was first opened for pupils in 1857. The first building erected on this campus was housing the old Sydenham College. This building is today accommodating the Department of Commercial Arts. It lies at the extreme south of the campus. The building was designed by Muncherji Cowasji Murzban A.C.E. and completed in 1866.
In 1878 the next building was erected. A part of the existing Fine Arts department, is today continuing its intended use. Sir J. J. School of Art is housed here. This building was constructed at the extreme north of the site. The later addition was that of the Sir George Clarke Studios and Technical Laboratories, which is currently the old building of the Sir J.J.College of Architecture. Originally designed by George Wittet as a Ground storey structure, this building has been sensitively extended by an additional floor in subsequent years.
The Sir J. J. College of Architecture has contributed many known designers in the Western part of India. The involvement of John Lockwood Kipling in Bombay is also seen in the relief panels above the entrance of Crawford Market and its fountain within. The craftsmen and artists produced by this School are also responsible to have worked on the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus Building (Formerly Victoria Terminus). The Statue of 'Progress' (atop the V.T. central dome), which was damaged by lightning sometime in the 1970s-80s was replenished by the School's creative hands. Earlier records also indicate that under John Lockwood Kipling, the students had worked on the University Buildings designed by Sir Gilbert Scott.
In the campus is also located the Dean's Bungalow. This modest Bungalow is rich in its associations. Prior to it being occupied by known figures like Cecil L.Burns and W.C.Gladstone Solomon. John Lockwood Kipling occupied it when he got in charge of the modeling department from 1865 to 1880 . According to a tablet on the building, it was here that the famous Rudyard Kipling was born on 30 December 1865. It was the Empire's poet who wrote of Bombay :
"Mother of cities to me,
For I was born in her gate,
Between the palms and the sea,
Where the world-end steamers wait."
The setting of this bungalow, though dwarfed by the monumental public architecture, which Bombay is remembered with, could foster the birth of a great man. Likewise, on 12 May 1917, the first historic meeting was held in its confines, when known as 'Mr.King's Bungalow' (associated with H.Foster King - then Principal of the School and later partner with the reputed Firm of Gregson, Batley, King), to mark the beginning of what is today's Indian Institute of Architects
The first classes in architecture were started at the Sir J.J.School of Art in 1900 under the guidance of John Begg, first consulting Architect to the Government of Bombay. In 1917 the Bombay Architectural Students Association was formed of past students of the School. Within five years it had grown into the Bombay Architectural Association. Trained men gradually went to other parts of the country. The influence of the School and Association was thus increased and in 1929, the Association was reconstituted as the Indian Institute of Architects, to serve the interests of the profession on a Nationwide basis.
- Achyut Kanvinde - Architect
- Arundhati Roy - Writer, essayist, activist
- Balkrishna Doshi - Architect
- Raj Thackeray - Politician
- Remo Fernandes - Musician, Singer-songwriter, Actor
- Nana Patekar - Actor
- Abdulhusein M. Thariani - Architect with buildings in Mumbai (1930s-1947); Karachi (1940s - 1960s) and Dhaka (1950s-early 1960s). Also designed the Baitul Mukarram in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
- J J College of Architecture’s refined syllabus for architecture design to incorporate sustainable housing practices as value addition Indian Express, 7 February 2008.
- "George Wittet". Department of Theoretical Physics.