Jadunath Sarkar

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Sir Jadunath Sarkar
Jadunath Sarkar.jpg
Jadunath Sarkar, c. 1926[1]
Born 10 December 1870
Karachmaria, Singra, Natore, British India
Died 19 May 1958
Calcutta, India
Occupation Historian
Spouse(s) Lady Kadambini Sarkar

Sir Jadunath Sarkar CIE (10 December 1870 – 19 May 1958) was a prominent Indian Bengali aristocrat and historian.

Life and career[edit]

Born in Karachmaria village, he was the son of Rajkumar Sarkar, the Zamindar of Karachmaria in Natore in Bengal. In 1891, he passed the B.A. examination with honours in English and History from Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1892, he stood First in the First Class in the M.A. examination of Calcutta University in English. In 1897, he received the Premchand-Roychand Scholarship.[2]

He became a teacher in English literature in 1893 at Ripon College, Calcutta (later renamed Surendranath College). In 1898, he started teaching at Presidency College, Calcutta. In 1899, he was transferred to Patna College, Patna, where he would continue teaching until 1926. In between, in 1917-1919, he taught Modern Indian History in Benaras Hindu University and during 1919-1923 he taught in Ravenshaw College, Cuttack, now in Odisha. In 1923, he became an honorary member of the Royal Asiatic Society of London. In August 1926, he was appointed as the Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University. In 1928, he joined as Sir W. Meyer Lecturer in Madras University.

Sarkar was honored by Britain with a Companion of the Order of the Indian Empire CIE and knighted in the 1929 Birthday Honours list.[3] He was invested with his knighthood at Simla by the acting Viceroy, Lord Goschen, on 22 August 1929.[4]

Legacy[edit]

The Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta[5] an autonomous research centre has been located at 10, Lake Terrace, Sarkar's house, from 1973 to 2000. This house was handed over to the state government by Sarkar's wife, Kadambini Sarkar, just before she died. The building now houses the newly established Jadunath Sarkar Resource Centre for Historical Research, which has been established under the aegis of the CSSSC. The Jadunath Bhavan Museum and Resource Centre, a museum-cum-archive was set up at Jadunath Bhavan on 1 February 2015.[6]

Academically, Jos J. L. Gommans compares Sarkar's work with those of the Aligarh historians, noting that while the historians from the Aligarh worked mainly on the mansabdari system and gunpowder technology in the Mughal Empire, Sarkar concentrated on military tactics and sieges.[7] Kaushik Roy notes that the works of Jadunath Sarkar along with those of Jagadish Narayan Sarkar are now "forgotten due to pressure of Marxism and Postmodernism".[8]

He has been called the "greatest Indian historian of his time" and one of the greatest in the world, whose erudite works "have established a tradition of honest and scholarly historiography" by E. Sreedharan.[9] He has also been compared with Theodor Mommsen and Leopold von Ranke.[10]

Publications[edit]

Books[edit]

  • A History of Jaipur (1984)
  • The Fall of the Mughal Empire (in 4 volumes), (1932–38)
  • Military History of India
  • The House of Shivaji
  • The Rani of Jhansi
  • Famous Battles of Indian History
  • Chronology of Indian History
  • Shivaji (in Bengali)
  • History of Aurangzib (in 5 volumes), (1912–24)[11]
  • Mughal Administration (1920)
  • Shivaji and his Times (1919)
  • Anecdotes of Aurangzib
  • Studies in Mughal India
  • India of Aurangzib (1901)
  • A Short History of Aurangzib
  • A History of Bengal
  • Translation, Maāsir-i-ʻĀlamgiri : a history of the emperor Aurangzib-ʻl̀amgir (reign 1658-1707 A.D.) by Muḥammad Sāqī Mustaʻidd Khān
  • Economics of British India
  • India through the ages, a survey of the growth of Indian life and thought
  • Nadir Shah in India
  • Studies in Aurangzib's reign (being Studies in Mughal India, First series)
  • Chaitanya's pilgrimages and teachings, from his contemporary Bengali biography, the Chaitanya-charit-amrita: Madhya-lila by Kr̥ṣṇadāsa Kavirāja Gosvāmi

Edited books[edit]

  • Later Mughals by William Irvine (in 2 volumes), (1922)
  • Edited, translated and compiled the collection of Mirza Raja Jai Singh I's letters titled Haft Anjuman.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Chakrabarty 2015, p. ii.
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica: Sir Jadunath Sarkar
  3. ^ The London Gazette, 3 June 1929
  4. ^ "Viewing Page 6245 of Issue 33539". London-gazette.co.uk. 1929-10-01. Retrieved 2014-03-26. 
  5. ^ Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta
  6. ^ Jadunath Bhavan Museum and Resource Centre
  7. ^ Jos J. L. Gommans (2002). Mughal Warfare: Indian Frontiers and Highroads to Empire, 1500-1700. Psychology Press. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-415-23989-9. 
  8. ^ Kaushik Roy (2004). India's Historic Battles: From Alexander the Great to Kargil. Orient Blackswan. p. 10. ISBN 978-81-7824-109-8. 
  9. ^ A Textbook of Historiography, 500 B.C. to A.D. 2000, E. Sreedharan, p. 448
  10. ^ A Textbook of Historiography, 500 B.C. to A.D. 2000, E. Sreedharan, p. 448
  11. ^ Sarkar, Jadunath (1912). History of Aurangzib. M. C. Sarkar & Sons. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Pawar, Kiram (1985). Sir Jadunath Sarkar: a profile in historiography. Books & Books. 
  • Sir Jadunath Sarkar commemoration volumes by Hari Ram Gupta

External links[edit]