James Ramsden (industrialist)
Sir James Ramsden (25 February 1822 – 19 October 1896) was a British mechanical engineer, industrialist, and civic leader, who played a dominant role in the development of the new town of Barrow-in-Furness, then in the historic county of Lancashire, later in Cumbria. He served five successive terms as mayor on its first achieving municipal borough status, from 1867 onwards.
James Ramsden was most probably born at Bolton, Lancashire (although the census records are inconsistent on this point).[a] James Ramsden was one of several children of William Ramsden, an engineer. He served an apprenticeship with the Liverpool firm of Bury, Curtis, and Kennedy before becoming locomotive superintendent for the new Furness Railway Company in January 1846. He very soon rose to become company secretary, and later served as managing director between 1866 and 1895.
In 1866, Ramsden was also appointed managing director of the Barrow Hematite Steel Company, Limited, and from 1875 to 1888 took the same role at The Barrow Shipbuilding Company.
Ramsden's home was Abbots Wood, a large new mansion on the outskirts of the town, rented from the railway company. From here, he took an active interest in virtually all local developments, including the early Barrow Shipbulding Company; the new Port of Barrow, and the massively expanded iron and steel industries. He was also a notable benefactor, contributing towards many new social and civic facilities within the town.
Ramsden was knighted in 1872, and a statue by Matthew Noble was unveiled that same year in what was to become Ramsden Square, Barrow-in-Furness. A portrait of Ramsden hangs in the borough's town hall. However, he remained a largely local figure, declining calls to stand for Parliament in 1885 when the borough was seeking its first Member of Parliament.
Sir James Ramsden died in 1896 and was buried at Barrow Cemetery.
Notes and references
- The census returns for 1851–71 show James Ramsden's birthplace as Bolton. The 1881 and 1891 returns state Liverpool, where the Ramsden family subsequently lived, and where Ramsden's widowed mother Jane (nee Grandage) featured in the 1841 census as the keeper of a tavern in Vulcan Street. Liverpool was also suggested in at least one obituary notice (Institute of Civil Engineers, Minutes of Proceedings, vol. 129, 1896–97, p. 385). However the Bolton-le-Moors parish register includes baptismal entries for James Ramsden (son of William & Jane Ramsden, Little Bolton, millwright) on 31 March 1822, and for at least two of his siblings (Mary Ramsden, 1820; Ellen Ramsden, 1824).
- Jones, Aidan C. J. (2004), "Ramsden, Sir James (1822–1896)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 14 September 2013 ((subscription or UK public library membership required))
- Kellett, Jack (1990), James Ramsden: Barrow's Man of Vision, Monksvale, ISBN 978-0-9516722-0-4