Sir James Sanderson, 1st Baronet
St Magnus-the-Martyr church, where Sanderson is buried
30 December 1741|
York, Yorkshire, England
|Died||21 June 1798(aged 56)|
|Resting place||St Magnus-the-Martyr church in the City of London|
|Occupation||Politician, social reformer|
|Employer||Sanderson & Co, Southwark|
|Known for||Lord Mayor, Social reform|
|Title||Baronet of the City of London|
Sir James Sanderson, 1st Baronet (30 December 1741 – 21 June 1798) was a banker, a member of parliament, an alderman and Lord Mayor of London. He also served as president of Bridewell Hospital (now a school), and was a member of William Wilberforce's Proclamation Society for the Discouragement of Vice.
James Sanderson was born in 1741. He was the only surviving son of James Sanderson of York. He started business buying and selling hops before becoming a banker at Mansion House Street in Southwark.
In 1785, by which time he was an alderman, he was elected Sheriff of London and knighted whilst in office. In 1792 he was elected Lord Mayor of the City of London. It was reported that this was a time:
In 1793, Sanderson became president of Bridewell Hospital where he is acknowledged to have transformed the way it was managed. The hospital took in poor people and was a cross between a prison and a school. Later the institution's two roles were split, and in time the school became King Edward's School, Witley. Sanderson was a member of William Wilberforce's Proclamation Society, which had been founded following a 1787 royal proclamation instituted by Wilberforce via the Archbishop of Canterbury. The Proclamation for the Discouragement of Vice was intended to be a remedy for a perceived rise in immorality. Sanderson was also a member of the Philanthropic Society and the vice-president of Magdelen Hospital.
On 6 December 1794, Sanderson became Sir James Sanderson, Baronet of London.
In the following parliamentary election he was returned as the member for Hastings together with Nicholas Vansittart. Vansittart went on to be one of the most successful Chancellors of the Exchequer, whilst Sanderson became a friend and admirer of William Pitt the Younger and was "a favourite" of him and the king.
Sanderson was married twice, first to Elizabeth Judd of Chelmsford. By his second wife, Elizabeth (née Skinner), Sanderson gave his name via his daughter, Elizabeth Skinner Sanderson, to his grandson, the physician Sir John Burdon-Sanderson. (Sanderson had made it a condition of his will that his heirs should take his surname; and in 1815 his new family took his arms, from 1794, as well.) A painting of him, from which he was described as handsome, was placed in the court room of Bridewell Royal Hospital. (The painting was at King Edward's School, Witley in 2004.) Sanderson's memorial at St Magnus-the-Martyr church in the City of London was thought notable by the architectural historian, Nikolaus Pevsner.
After he died in 1799, his widow married William Huntington S.S. Huntington preached at several chapels to rich and loyal congregations. His stepdaughter's father, Thomas Skinner was Lord Mayor from 1794 to 1795. Huntington had become involved with Lady Sanderson in about 1802, but his first wife did not die until 1806. After their marriage in 1808, Lady Sanderson continued to use Sanderson's surname whilst Huntington built a new chapel costing £10,000 (£640,000 as of 2017).
Lady Sanderson did not die until 1817, so she would have seen her husband's tombstone—on which his self-written epitaph identified him as a prophet.
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- Complete baronetage
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- LeighRayment, accessed September 2009
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- UK Consumer Price Index inflation figures are based on data from Gregory Clark (2016), "The Annual RPI and Average Earnings for Britain, 1209 to Present (New Series)", MeasuringWorth.com.
|Parliament of Great Britain|
|Member of Parliament for Malmesbury
With: Benjamin Bond-Hopkins (1792–1794)
Francis Glanville (1794–1796)
Peter Isaac Thellusson
Robert Saunders Dundas
|Member of Parliament for Hastings
With: Nicholas Vansittart
|Lord Mayor of the City of London
Paul le Mesurier
|Baronetage of Great Britain|
(of the City of London)