James Stewart (advocate)

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Sir James Stewart, Bt
Jacobite broadside - Portrait of Sir James STEUART of Goodtrees and Coltness (1681-1727).jpg
Portrait of Sir James STEUART of Goodtrees and Coltness
Member of Parliament for
Edinburgh
In office
1713–1715
Preceded bySir Patrick Johnston
Succeeded bySir George Warrender
Personal details
Born1681
Died9 August 1727 (aged 46)
Great Britain
Political partyWhig
Spouse(s)Anne Dalrymple
RelationsSir James Stewart (grandfather)
William Mure (nephew)
Sir James Steuart Denham (grandson)
Children12, including James
ParentsSir James Stewart
Agnes Traill

Sir James Stewart or Steuart, 1st Baronet (1681 – 9 August 1727) was a Scottish lawyer and politician.

Early life[edit]

He was the first son of Sir James Stewart of Goodtrees (1635–1713) by his first wife Agnes, daughter of the Rev. Robert Traill, and grandson of Sir James Stewart of Coltness (1608–1681), Lord Provost of Edinburgh. His father, a distinguished lawyer and an active Whig, was appointed Lord Advocate by William II and III in 1692. His sister, Anne Stewart, married William Mure of Caldwell, father of William Mure (1718–1776).[1]

Career[edit]

Stewart followed his father into the law and became an advocate in 1704. In May 1705, he was elected to the Parliament of Scotland for Queensferry and was created a Baronet, of Goodtrees, on 22 December.

First Parliament of Great Britain[edit]

The failure of the Stewarts to support the Act of Union 1707 meant that the younger Stewart was not chosen to represent Scotland in the first Parliament of Great Britain, and did not stand at the general election in 1708. The elder Stewart was replaced as Lord Advocate by Sir David Dalrymple in 1709, but the younger Stewart succeeded Dalrymple as Solicitor-General, holding the office jointly with Thomas Kennedy of Dunure. Dalrymple, uncle to Stewart's wife Anne, supported the candidacy of his nephew-by-marriage for Edinburgh in 1710 without success.

Involvement with Lord Advocate[edit]

Stewart's father was reappointed Lord Advocate in 1711, but Stewart and Kennedy did most of the work. The elder Stewart died on 1 May 1713, and Stewart succeeded to the estates of Goodtrees and Coltness. Both Stewart and Kennedy expected promotion to the now-vacant office of Lord Advocate, and Stewart was elected to Parliament for Edinburgh in the general election of that year in an attempt to increase his influence. However Lord Oxford continued to leave the post vacant, and Stewart turned against the government, attacking ministers in Parliament over the New Woodstock election petition and the expulsion of Richard Steele. He was sacked as Solicitor-General in March 1714 and Kennedy was appointed Lord Advocate.

Solicitor-General (1714)[edit]

Following the death of Queen Anne and the accession of George I, Stewart was re-appointed as sole Solicitor-General in October 1714. He was again disappointed of the office of Lord Advocate, which went to Sir David Dalrymple. He did not contest his seat in Parliament at the general election of 1715, but remained politically active in Scotland, supporting the government during the Jacobite rising of that year. He continued as Solicitor-General until 1717.

Personal life[edit]

On 9 March 1705 he married Anne Dalrymple, daughter of the Lord President of the Court of Session Lord North Berwick. Together they had 12 children, including:

Sir James Stewart of Goodtrees and Coltness died in 1727. By his wife Anne he left one son and five daughters, six other children having predeceased him. He was succeeded in his estates and the baronetcy by his eldest living son, James.

Descendants[edit]

Among his descendants was his grandson, Sir James Steuart Denham, 8th Baronet (1744–1839),[2]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Wroth 1894.
  2. ^ R.G. Thorne, "Lanarkshire", in The House of Commons, 1790-1820, 1986, vol. 2
Sources
  • Wilkinson, David "STEWART, Sir James, 1st Bt. (1681-1727), of Goodtrees, Edinburgh." in The House of Commons, 1690-1715 (CUP 2002), vol. 5
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWroth, Warwick William (1894). "Mure, William (1799-1860)". In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 39. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  • G.E.C. (George Edward Cokayne) ed., "STEUART, or STEWART: cr. 29 Jan. 1698" in The Complete Baronetage, 1900-1906, vol. 4, p. 375-377
  • Edith, Lady Haden-Guest, "STEUART DENHAM, Sir James (1744-1839), of Coltness and Westshield, Lanark." in The House of Commons 1754-1790, 1964, vol. 3.
  • D.G. Henry, "STEUART DENHAM, Sir James, 8th Bt. (1744-1839), of Coltness and Westshield, Lanark." in The House of Commons 1790-1820, 1986, vol. 5.
  • H.M.S. (H. Morse Stephens), "DENHAM, Sir JAMES STEWART, the younger (1744-1839)", in The Dictionary of National Biography, 1885–1900, vol. 14, p. 344-345.
Legal offices
Preceded by
William Carmichael
Solicitor General for Scotland
1709–1714
With: Thomas Kennedy
Succeeded by
John Carnegie of Boyseck
Preceded by
John Carnegie of Boyseck
Solicitor General for Scotland
1714–1717
Succeeded by
Robert Dundas
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Patrick Johnston
Member of Parliament for Edinburgh
17131715
Succeeded by
Sir George Warrender