John Bridgeman (judge)

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For other people named John Bridgeman, see John Bridgeman (disambiguation).

Sir John Bridgeman, SL (1568/1569 – 5 February 1638) was a barrister of the Inner Temple, serjeant-at-law[1] and local magnate in the West of England during the early 17th century.

Early career[edit]

Bridgeman came from a minor gentry family settled at Littledean, Gloucestershire. He matriculated from Magdalen College, Oxford in June 1582, and after some years at Clifford's Inn, was admitted to the Inner Temple in June 1591. Sometime during this period, he married Frances Daunt. When her brother Giles died in 1596, he became embroiled in a dispute with her uncle Thomas Daunt over the manor of Owlpen.[2] He lost the case when he was accused of forging deeds before Sir Edward Coke, the Attorney General. They had at least two children:

  • George Bridgeman
  • Anne Bridgeman, married John Winford[1]

Bridgeman was called to the bar in 1600. Most of his work was in the Court of Common Pleas, a report of whose proceedings between 1613 and 1621 he compiled. In 1613, he purchased the manor of Nympsfield, Gloucestershire, with Luke Garnon. He was counsel for the city of Gloucester in 1614, and in 1615 he was made a bencher of the Inner Temple. In 1622, he served as counsel for Exeter in a successful attempt to block the inclusion of Bishop Valentine Carey in the city's commission of the peace, and was engaged as counsel by Lord Zouche.

1623 saw a number of advancements for Bridgeman. He was appointed to the Council of the Marches on 30 June 1623, made a serjeant-at-law in October 1623, and knighted on 7 December 1623. With the assistance of Sir Thomas Coventry, a fellow student at the Inner Temple, he was appointed to the vacant office of Chief Justice of Chester in February 1626.

Judicial activities in Wales[edit]

As Chief Justice of Chester, he retained, ex officio, his place on the Council in the Marches, and regularly served as deputy for the two presidents during his tenure (Northampton and Bridgewater). He regularly served as a justice of the peace in Wales and the Marches, and as recorder for Gloucester (1628), Shrewsbury, Ludlow, and Wenlock. Bridgeman seems to have been assiduous and devoted to his numerous duties.

In 1628, he and his son George jointly purchased Prinknash Park, near Gloucester, which then became the family home.[3]

In 1637, Bridgeman was compelled to take severe measures to end pilgrimages to St Winefride's Well, Flintshire, considered a hotbed of recusancy by the government.[4] He died in 1638 at Ludlow.[3] He seems to have been a harsh and unpopular judge, as Ralph Gibbon composed the following pasquinade upon his death:[2]

Here lies Sir John Bridgeman clad in his clay;
God said to the devil, Sirrah, take him away.

He is buried in Ludlow's St Laurence's Church, where the monument to him and his wife is attributed to court sculptor Francesco Fanelli.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History of the Parish of Astley". Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  2. ^ a b "History of Owlpen". Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  3. ^ a b "History of Prinknash Abbey". Archived from the original on 2006-07-14. Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  4. ^ Seguin, Colleen M. (Summer 2003). "Cures and Controversy in Early Modern Wales: The Struggle to Control St. Winifred's Well" (PDF). North American Journal of Welsh Studies. 3 (2): 11–12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-12-30. Retrieved 2006-11-29. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Chandos
Custos Rotulorum of Gloucestershire
1621–1638
Succeeded by
The Lord Coventry
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Chamberlayne
Chief Justice of Chester
1626–1638
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Milward