Sir John Fenwick, 1st Baronet

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For the MP for Morpeth, Northumberland in the Long Parliament, see John Fenwick (MP for Morpeth).

Sir John Fenwick, 1st Baronet (c. 1570 – c. 1658) was an English landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1624 and 1648. He supported the Parliamentary cause in the Civil War.

Biography[edit]

Fenwick was the son of Sir William Fenwick,[1] who had been Sheriff of Northumberland in 1578 and 1589,[citation needed] and his first wife Grace Forster daughter of Sir John Forster of Edderstone and Hexham. He was knighted at Royston on 18 January 1605. He succeeded his father on 1618 at the age of 35.[1] Fenwick himself also served as Sheriff in 1620.[citation needed] In 1624 and again in 1625, 1626 and 1628 Fenwick was elected Member of Parliament for Northumberland. He was created 1st Baronet Fenwick of Fenwick, on 9 June 1628.[2] He was a successful racehorse breeder and became a favourite of Charles I for whom he acted as Master of the Royal Stud at Tutbury and Surveyor of the Royal Race (or Stud).[citation needed]

In April 1640, Fenwick was again elected MP for Northumberland to the Short Parliament. He was elected MP for Cockermouth to the Long Parliament in 1641 and then re-elected for Northumberland in 1642 after Henry Percy was excluded.[3] Fenwick was temporarily disabled from sitting in January 1644.[1] His son and heir John was killed fighting on the Royalist side at the Battle of Marston Moor in 1644[4] Fenwick again served as Sheriff of Northumberland in 1645,[citation needed] and was re-admitted to Parliament in June 1646.[1]

Fenwick owned substantial estates in Northumberland and Durham but financial difficulties caused him to sell the greater part of his holdings in 1650 to Sir William Blackett for £20,000. He retained the family seat at Wallington Hall.[citation needed] He died in 1658 aged 79.[5]

Family[edit]

Fenwick married firstly Catherine Slingsby daughter of Sir Hery Slingsby of Scriven Yorkshire and had a son John. He married secondly Grace Loraine daughter of Thomas Loraine. His third wife was named Bond. He was succeeded by his second son William.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Cokayne 1902, p. 39.
  2. ^ Cokayne 1902, pp. 39, 40.
  3. ^ Willis 1750, p. 324.
  4. ^ Cokayne 1902, p. 40 footnote a.
  5. ^ a b Cokayne 1902, p. 40.

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir William Grey
Sir Henry Widdrington
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
1624–1629
With: Sir Francis Brandling 1624–1625
Sir John Delaval 1626
Sir William Carnaby 1628–1629
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
1640
With: Sir William Widdrington
Succeeded by
Sir William Widdrington
Henry Percy
Preceded by
Sir William Widdrington
Henry Percy
Member of Parliament for Northumberland
1642–1648
With: Sir William Widdrington 1642
William Fenwick 1645–1648
Succeeded by
Not represented in Rump Parliament
Baronetage of England
New creation Baronet
(of Fenwick)
1628–c.1658
Succeeded by
William Fenwick