Sir John Stirling-Maxwell, 10th Baronet

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Sir John Stirling-Maxwell
Bt KT
John Stirling Maxwell2.jpg
Stirling-Maxwell in 1895
Member of Parliament for the College Division of Glasgow
In office
1895–1906
Preceded by Sir Charles Cameron
Succeeded by Henry Anderson Watt
Personal details
Born John Maxwell Stirling-Maxwell
(1866-06-06)6 June 1866
Died 30 May 1956(1956-05-30) (aged 89)
Nationality British
Political party Conservative
Spouse(s) Ann Christian Maxwell
Children Anne Maxwell Macdonald, 11th Baronet
Alma mater Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge

Sir John Maxwell Stirling-Maxwell, 10th Baronet, of Pollok, KT FRSE HRSA HRIBA HRWS HRSW LLD (6 June 1866 – 30 May 1956) was a Scottish Tory politician and philanthropist.

Life[edit]

Sir John Stirling Maxwell (1866–1956), 10th Bt by William Bruce Ellis Ranken, Pollok House

The eldest son of Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, 9th Baronet and Lady Anna Maria Leslie-Melville, second daughter of David Leslie-Melville, 8th Earl of Leven and Elizabeth Anne Campbell, he was educated at Eton College and at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He succeeded his father to the baronetcy in 1878.

He was Conservative Member of Parliament for the College Division of Glasgow between 1895 and 1906, and later served as Chairman of the Forestry Commission from 1929[2]–1932.[3] He was also Chairman of the Royal Fine Art Commission for Scotland,[4] and a Trustee of the National Galleries of Scotland,[5] Chairman of Ancient Monuments Board. He was a Lieutenant[6] in the Royal Company of Archers and an active Freemason.

He was a founder member of the National Trust for Scotland (1931), becoming one of its first Vice-Presidents and President from 1943 until his death. He realised the importance of green spaces within a city. In this context, he was determined to protect the Pollok Estate and give the people of Glasgow access to it, which he undertook in 1911.

Stirling Maxwell was also involved in trying to resolve the protracted problem of finding a home for the art treasures presented to Glasgow in 1944 by Sir William Burrell. After his death, his daughter gave Pollok House, a substantial proportion of the estate and her father's art collection to the Glasgow Corporation. This gift of land eventually allowed the Glasgow city fathers to erect a building to hold the Burrell Collection.

In 1929 he was appointed a Knight of the Thistle.[7] He held the honorary degree of LLD from the University of Glasgow, the University of Aberdeen and Edinburgh University. Hon. RSA; Hon. RIBA; Hon. RWS; Hon. RSW and a DL. Sir John and Lady Stirling-Maxwell were both elected Fellows of the Royal Horticultural Society in 1902.[8]

In 1938 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir Ernest Wedderburn, Sir John Sutherland, Sir Thomas Henry Holland and Sir William Wright Smith.[9]

He died on 30 May 1956.

Family[edit]

In 1901 he married Ann Christian Maxwell, daughter of The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 7th Baronet. The couple had one daughter, Dame Anne Maxwell Macdonald, 11th Baronetess.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stirling-Maxwell, Sir John, Bart. (STRN884J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ "Sir John Stirling Maxwell has been appointed Chairman". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 26 November 1929. Retrieved 27 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ "Forestry Commission". Gloucester Citizen. 12 January 1932. Retrieved 27 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "No. 14368". The Edinburgh Gazette. 26 August 1927. pp. 989–989. 
  5. ^ "No. 14858". The Edinburgh Gazette. 1 April 1932. pp. 267–267. 
  6. ^ "No. 15286". The Edinburgh Gazette. 29 May 1936. pp. 460–460. 
  7. ^ "No. 33505". The London Gazette. 11 June 1929. pp. 43858–3858. 
  8. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36773). London. 21 May 1902. p. 9. 
  9. ^ BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX OF FORMER FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH 1783 – 2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir Charles Cameron
Member of Parliament for Glasgow College
1895–1906
Succeeded by
Henry Anderson Watt
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by
William Stirling-Maxwell
Baronet
(of Pollok)
1878–1956
Succeeded by
Anne Maxwell Macdonald