|Sir Philip Green|
Green in 2007
15 March 1952 |
|Net worth||£6.2 Billion (2016)|
Stasha Palos (stepdaughter)
Brett Palos (stepson)
Sir Philip Nigel Ross Green (born 15 March 1952) is a British businessman, and the chairman of Arcadia Group, a retail company that includes Topshop, Topman, Wallis, Evans, Burton, Miss Selfridge, Dorothy Perkins, and Outfit. The BHS department store chain used to be part of the group.
Green has been involved in a number of controversies throughout his professional career, including his actions prior to the demise of BHS. In October 2016, the House of Commons approved a measure to ask the Honours Forfeiture Committee to strip Green of his knighthood for his role in the downfall of BHS.
- 1 Biography
- 2 Criticism
- 3 References
- 4 External links
Green was born on 15 March 1952 in Croydon, south London, into a middle class Jewish family. The son of a successful property developer and retailer, it was his father's business which he was to inherit at the age of 12 upon his death. He has a sister, Elizabeth, five years his senior. His family moved to Hampstead Garden Suburb, a middle-class enclave in north London, and at the age of nine he was sent to the now-closed Jewish boarding school Carmel College in Oxfordshire.
When his father died of a heart attack, Green was in line to inherit the family business at the age of twelve. After leaving boarding school at 15, he worked for a shoe importer before travelling to the US, Europe and the far east. It was on his return that he set up his first business with a £20,000 loan backed by his family (or £216,000 in 2014 pounds) at age 21, importing jeans from the far east to sell on to London retailers.  
In 1979, Green bought up the entire stock of ten designer label clothes sellers, who had gone into receivership, for extremely low prices. He then had the newly bought clothes sent to the dry cleaners, got them put on hangers, wrapped them in polythene to make them look new, and then bought a place to sell them to the public.
In 1988, he became chairman and Chief Executive of a quoted company called Amber Day, a discount retailer. The shares performed well, but then suffered a series of profit downgrades and in 1992 he resigned when the company failed to meet its profit forecast.
BHS, Arcadia, Topshop
Next, Green assisted Tina Green in the purchase of the Arcadia Group, which owns High Street chains such as Burton, Dorothy Perkins, Evans, Miss Selfridge, Outfit, Topshop/Topman and Wallis in 2002. The company was briefly owned by Green but sold to Tina Green within 24 hours, with Philip acting as CEO.
Charitable works and other activities
In April 1980, Green registered a philanthropic initiative, the Kahn Charitable Trust, with a vision of "putting lost smiles back on the faces of less privileged persons across the globe."
In May 2007, after the disappearance of Madeleine McCann in Portugal, Green donated £250,000 as a monetary reward for any useful public information. He also gave the McCanns the use of his private jet to allow them to fly to Rome for a Papal visit.
In 2010, Green donated $465,000 for new beds at the Royal Marsden cancer hospital, after his wife Tina's mother died there. He also spent more than $150,000 for an Alexander McQueen dress at Naomi Campbell's Fashion for Relief charity event.
Two weeks prior to the 2010 general election, Green came out in support of David Cameron, George Osborne and the Conservative Party, stating that Cameron and Osborne "understand what needs to be done. They get it."
In August 2010, Green was asked by Cameron, then recently elected as Prime Minister, to carry out a review of UK government spending and procurement. Green's summary report, Efficiency Review by Sir Philip Green, published in October 2010, alleged significant failings in government procurement processes. The government published the review identifying its main finding as "the Government is failing to leverage both its credit rating and its scale". Cameron welcomes the report, saying ""I think it's a good report, it will save a lot of money and it's important we do it."
For his son's bar mitzvah in 2005, he spent £4 million on a three-day event for over 200 friends and family in the French Riviera. He also hired Andrea Bocelli and Destiny's Child to perform. For his nephew, Matt, he threw a bar mitzvah at Madame Tussauds, where Simon Cowell and Louis Walsh were guests and One Direction performed. Matt and Chloe shared a birthday party in December 2011, at One Mayfair, where Rihanna sang, and many personal friends of the family attended. The star-studded bash was featured in The Sun newspaper and cost over £1 million. For his 50th birthday, he flew 200 guests in a chartered Airbus A300 to a hotel in Cyprus for a three-day toga party, where they were serenaded by Tom Jones and Rod Stewart, who was reportedly paid £750,000 for a 45-minute set. For his 55th birthday, he flew 100 guests 8,500 miles in two private jets from London Stansted Airport. They arrived at the exclusive Maldives resort of Four Seasons: Landaagiraavaru, an eco-spa on a private Indian Ocean island.
Among Green's more extravagant possessions are a £100 million, 90 m (300 ft) Benetti yacht Lionheart and a £20 million Gulfstream G550 private jet. For his birthday, his wife bought him a solid gold Monopoly set, featuring his own acquisitions.
His tax avoidance dividend scheme was criticised by many publications as a return of the "unacceptable face of capitalism"'. A number of tabloids made light of his invitations of many prominent Hollywood figures to his birthday parties, many of whom commented they had not heard of him.
Green is a football fan and a Tottenham Hotspur supporter. In 1987, he suggested to Irving Scholar, the Spurs chairman, that Tony Berry be appointed to the board. In 1991, he helped Terry Venables raise the last £500,000 needed to purchase shares in the club.
He is heavily involved with Everton Football Club due to his friendship with chairman Bill Kenwright, but has no intention of formally investing in the club. He arranged for another friend, Planet Hollywood's owner Robert Earl, to purchase shares from former director Paul Gregg during a struggle for control of Everton in 2004. He offers business advice to the club alongside Tesco CEO Terry Leahy and helps negotiate player transfer fees with agents.
Taveta Investments, the company used to acquire Arcadia in 2002, is in the name of Green's wife, Tina Green, a Monaco resident, resulting in a significantly lower tax liability than the £150 million that would be payable if a UK resident owned the company. When Green paid his family £1.2 billion in 2005, it was paid for by a loan taken out by Arcadia, cutting Arcadia's corporation tax as interest charges on the loan were offset against profits.
Arcadia has been criticised for the pay and conditions of both overseas and UK workers by anti-sweatshop groups such as Labour Behind the Label, No Sweat and the student activist network People & Planet. Green denied allegations in The Sunday Times made during 2007 that his firm used overseas sweatshops where workers in Mauritius were paid pitiful wages. In 2010, Green was again accused of using sweatshops, this time by Channel 4's Dispatches programme. It was asserted that he was using factories in Britain in which workers were paid less than half the legal minimum wage.
In 2003, when The Guardian was conducting an investigation into Green's corporate finances, Green responded to the publication's queries on the subject with a string of expletive-laden outbursts about The Guardian's financial editor, Paul Murphy. Green said: "He can't read English. Mind you, he is a fucking Irishman." He later apologised to the Irish, after customers threatened to boycott his stores.
Demise of BHS
Green bought BHS for £200m in 2000, but the firm performed poorly so he sold it for just £1 in 2015. By April 2016 BHS had debts of £1.3bn, including a pensions deficit of £571m. Despite the deficit of £571m, Green and his family collected £586m in dividends, rental payments and interest on loans during their 15-year ownership of the retailer. Referring to the conduct of Green, Angela Eagle, the shadow business secretary, said: "In this situation it appears this owner extracted hundreds of millions of pounds from the business and walked away to his favourite tax haven, leaving the Pension Protection Scheme to pick up the bill." Simon Walker, the Director General of the Institute of Directors, described Green's "lamentable failure of behaviour" which was deeply damaging to the reputation of business. He then added he that had moral responsibilities to the pension fund and a proper investigation was needed but not one that took years.
Appearance before joint Select Committee meeting
Ahead of a joint Business and Work and Pensions Select Committee meeting, Green called the inquiry biased, and stated that he "therefore required [its chair, Frank Field] to resign". Field pointed out that the size of the pensions deficit is a fact, not a matter of opinion, and that Parliament and not Green decides who chairs Committees.
On 20 October 2016, the House of Commons approved a motion to ask for the Honours Forfeiture Committee to recommend Green's knighthood be "cancelled and annulled". 100 MPs voted in favour of the motion, the first time MPs have proposed someone be stripped of a knighthood.
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- This Is Money. "Uncovered: Green's Empress of Arcadia". This is Money. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- "Days of anger, shouting, abuse and threats". The Guardian. London. 4 March 2003. Retrieved 25 April 2009.
- "KAHN CHARITABLE TRUST | Charities Ka to Kd". Divide.org.uk. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
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- Harry Potter Author Adds To Reward |Sky News|MADELEINE Archived 15 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Finding Madeleine". Findmadeleine.com. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
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- Chris Blackhurst (29 July 2010). "Topshop boss Sir Philip Green gives £100,000 to help London's Dispossessed". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- Randall, Jeff (13 June 2008). "The Apprentice is to real business what Monopoly is to property". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
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- "Sir Philip Green to lead Government Efficiency Review". Cabinet Office. 11 October 2010. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Green, Sir Philip (11 October 2010). "Efficiency Review by Sir Philip Green" (PDF). Cabinet Office. Retrieved 23 October 2010.
- Efficiency review by Sir Philip Green: key findings and recommendations, published 11 October 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2016
- Government Efficiency Review published, published 11 October 2010. Retrieved 22 September 2016
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- "Billionaire hires Destiny's Child". BBC News. 14 May 2005. Archived from the original on 24 October 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Vasagar, Jeevan (12 March 2007). "Pack your shorts, it's time for Sir Philip Green's birthday party". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Ruddick, Graham (8 July 2016). "Tina Green: Lady of leisure or 'blonde hurricane' of a formidable partnership?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- "90m Benetti superyacht Lionheart delivered to owner". Boat International. London. 14 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Robinson, James (28 June 2009). "Sir Philip Green: man with a fine attention to retail". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- Martin Barrow Health Editor 2 (2 December 2011). "Entrepreneurs – Times Online". The Times. London. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- Peston, Robert. Who Runs Britain. pp. 97–98
- Bose, Mihir (26 October 2006). "Green oils the wheels of so many deals in football". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
- "Everton chief executive resigns". BBC. 30 July 2008. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
- "Green at heart of Everton battle". London Evening Standard. London.
- Conn, David (14 September 2005). "Darkness returns to issue of agents' dual payments". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 January 2010.
- Tayloy, Matthew (29 November 2010). "Philip Green to be target of corporate tax avoidance protest". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 30 November 2010.
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- "Topshop". People and Planet. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- "Sir Philip Green rejects Sunday Times allegations over sweatshop labour". Abcmoney.co.uk. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
- Tarley, Rachel (8 November 2010). "Dispatches, TV review". Metro. Retrieved 23 December 2011.
- Finch, Julia (5 March 2003). "Threat of consumer boycott leads to Bhs owner issuing apology to the Irish". The Guardian. London.
- "The demise of BHS on the High Street". BBC News. 25 April 2016. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
- Graham Ruddick; Sarah Butler (25 April 2016). "BHS paid more than £25m to owner in 13 months before administration". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 April 2016.
- "Sir Philip Green accused of 'lamentable failure' over BHS collapse". The Daily Telegraph. 3 June 2016. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
- Chris Johnston (11 June 2016). "Sir Philip Green calls for Frank Field to resign". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- Forbes.com: World's Richest People 2004 entry
- Forbes.com: World's Richest People 2006 entry
- Vincent, Sally (23 October 2004). "How I did it". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 29 November 2013. Interview with Green discussing his life.
- Times Online interview with Philip Green, December, 2007 (video)
- Growing Business meets Sir Philip Green
- Rushton, Susie (5 July 2007). "Philip Green: The king of the high street in his most outspoken interview ever". The Independent. London. Retrieved 25 April 2009.
- Davidson, Andrew (24 October 2004). "The Andrew Davidson interview: Philip Green". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 25 April 2009.
- The Guardian's portal for article on Green
- Long, Camilla (8 April 2009). "It's the pop of Topshops". The Australian. Retrieved 25 April 2009.. Interview with Green.
- Stewart Lansley and Andy Forrester, Top Man, How Philip Green Built His High Street Empire, Aurum, 2006
- The British (retail) invasion