Sir Richard Bickerton, 1st Baronet

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Sir Richard Bickerton, 1st Baronet
Born (1727-06-23)23 June 1727
Died 25 February 1792(1792-02-25) (aged 64)
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1746–1792
Rank Rear Admiral
Commands held Etna
Culloden
Glasgow
Lively
Marlborough
Princess Augusta
Terrible
Fortitude
Princess Augusta (again)
Leeward Islands Station
Plymouth Command
Battles/wars Battle of Ushant (1778)
Battle of Cuddalore
Other work Member of Parliament for Rochester (1790–1792)

Rear-Admiral Sir Richard Bickerton, 1st Baronet (23 June 1727 – 25 February 1792) was a British naval officer who finished his career as a rear admiral in the Royal Navy and was ennobled as the first Baronet Bickerton of Upwood. He served in several naval engagements, and died Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth in 1792. His son Richard Hussey Bickerton, who likewise rose to flag rank in th eRoyal Navy, succeeded to the baronetcy following his death.

Naval career[edit]

Richard Bickerton was educated at Westminster School,[1] and was first commissioned as a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy on 8 February 1746 at the age of 18.[1] He served as a Lieutenant aboard the 60-gun fourth rate Worcester in 1748.[1] On 2 August 1758 he was appointed Master and Commander of the fireship Etna,[1] and then on 21 August 1759 promoted to the rank of Captain and appointed to command the 74-gun third rate Culloden. However, he was swiftly removed into the much smaller 20-gun sixth rate Glasgow, in command of which he sailed on 25 April 1760 for the West Indies. Returning to England in 1761, he commanded the similar 20-gun Lively for a short while.

In 1767 Bickerton was appointed to command the 30-gun fifth rate Renown, again for employment to the West Indies. At the start of 1771 he took command of the 74-gun third rate Marlborough, remaining in this post for nearly three years. He was knighted on 24 June 1773. He subsequently commanded the Royal yacht Princess Augusta, and from October 1776 the 74-gun third rate Terrible; while aboard the latter he captured the American privateer Rising States on 15 April 1777 while cruising off Ushant. He was created the 1st Baronet Bickerton of Upwood on 29 May 1778, and while still commanding the Terrible[1] distinguished himself at the Battle of Ushant on 27 July 1778.

In early 1780 Bickerton took command of the new 74-gun Fortitude,[1] and later was re-appointed to the Royal yacht Princess Augusta, before hoisting his broad pendant — as a commodore — aboard the 80-gun Gibraltar in January 1782. He sailed from England on 6 February 1782 in command of a squadron of six third rates and two frigates, escorting a convoy to India. In the Indian Ocean, he joined the fleet commanded by Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Hughes, and took part in the Battle of Cuddalore on 20 June 1783.[1] Returning to England upon the conclusion of hostilities, he hoisted his broad pendant aboard the 50-gun fourth rate Jupiter for a brief period as Commander-in-Chief on the Leeward Islands Station in 1786.[1][2]

Bickerton reached flag rank on 24 September 1787,[1] when he was appointed Rear Admiral of the Blue, and was promoted to Rear Admiral of the White on 21 September 1790, at that time flying his flag aboard the 90-gun second rate Impregnable. In the General Election of 1790, he was elected to the British House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Rochester in Kent, retaining that seat until his death from an apoplectic fit on 25 September 1792. At the time of his death he was Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth,[1] flying his flag in the 98-gun second rate St. George.

Family[edit]

In 1758 Bickerton had married Mary Anne Hussey,[1] and the marriage produced two sons and two daughters, the former including Richard Hussey Bickerton, an equally successful naval officer who became the 2nd Baronet upon his father's death, and rose even further in the Navy's ranks to finish as Admiral of the Red.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • John Charnock, Biographia Navalis (London, 1798).
  • David Syrett and R. L. DiNardo, The Commissioned Sea Officers of the Royal Navy, 1660-1815. (Naval Records Society, 1994).
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Richard Hughes
Commander-in-Chief, Leeward Islands Station
1786–1787
Succeeded by
Sir William Parker
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Graves
Commander-in-Chief, Plymouth
1790–1792
Succeeded by
Phillips Cosby
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Charles Middleton
Nathaniel Smith
Member of Parliament for Rochester
with George Best

1790–1792
Succeeded by
George Best
Nathaniel Smith
Baronetage of Great Britain
New creation Baronet
(of Upwood)
1778–1792
Succeeded by
Richard Hussey Bickerton