Sir Richard Gilpin, 1st Baronet

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Sir Richard Thomas Gilpin, 1st Baronet (12 January 1801 – 8 April 1882) was an English Conservative politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1851 to 1880.

Gilpin was the only son of Richard Gilpin of Hockliffe, who was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Bedfordshire Militia, and his second wife, Sarah Wilkinson, fourth daughter of William Wilkinson of Westmorland. He was educated at Rugby School and at Christ's College, Cambridge[1] and served in the 14th Light Dragoons, and in the Rifle Brigade reaching the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He was Colonel of the Bedfordshire Militia. He was Deputy Lieutenant and J.P. for Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire and High Sheriff of Bedfordshire in 1850.[2]

In 1851 Gilpin was elected Member of Parliament for Bedfordshire. He held the seat until 1880.[3] He was in favour of civil and religious liberty.[2] He was created baronet on 19 February 1876.

Gilpin died at the age of 81.

In 1831, Gilpin married Mrs Louisa Turton, née Browne (d. 1871), former wife of Mr Thomas Turton (later Sir Thomas Edward Mitchell Turton) who she divorced for adultery in 1831 in a famous case Turton vs Turton 1829–1831. Louisa was eldest daughter of General Gore Browne of Weymouth;[2] her first marriage in 1812 to Thomas Turton, son of a baronet, was dissolved by the House of Lords decision 1831 permitting Louisa to divorce her husband. Louisa Turton was only the second woman so permitted (after Mrs Addison in 1801), and the decision also allowed her to remarry.[4]


  1. ^ "Gilpin, Richard Thomas (GLPN818RT)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ a b c Debretts House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1870
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ 'House of Lords Journal Volume 63: 15 March 1831', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 63: 1830–1831, pp. 322–328. URL: Date accessed: 18 November 2012> <'House of Lords Journal Volume 63: 19 August 1831', Journal of the House of Lords: volume 63: 1830-1831, pp. 929-931. URL: Date accessed: 18 November 2012>. The bill was passed 19 August 1831.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Viscount Alford
Francis Russell
Member of Parliament for Bedfordshire
With: Francis Russell to 1872
Francis Bassett 1872–1875
Marquess of Tavistock from 1875
Succeeded by
James Howard
Marquess of Tavistock