Sir Richard Newdigate, 1st Baronet

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Sir Richard Newdigate, 1st Baronet (17 September 1602 – 14 October 1678)[1] was an English judge, landowner and politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660.

Family[edit]

Richard Newdigate was a younger son of Sir John Newdigate (5 March 1571 – 28 March 1610)[1] of Arbury Hall, Chilvers Coton, Warwickshire, and his wife Anne Fitton (baptized 6 October 1574 – 11 July 1618),[1] the elder daughter of Sir Edward Fitton, baronet, of Gawsworth, Cheshire, by Alice Holcroft (d.1627).[2] He was the grandson of John Newdigate (1541 – 22 February 1592),[3] esquire, of Harefield, Middlesex, and Martha Cave (24 February 1546 – 22 November 1575), the daughter and co-heir of Anthony Cave.[3]

Career[edit]

Matriculating at Trinity College, Oxford, on 6 November 1618, he left the university without a degree, and entered in 1620 Gray's Inn, where he was called to the bar in 1628, elected an ancient in 1645, and a bencher in 1649.[4] He was High Steward of the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield from 1646 until his death.

Newdigate was counsel with William Prynne and John Bradshaw on behalf of the state in the proceedings taken against Connor Maguire, 2nd Baron of Enniskillen, and other Irish rebels in 1644–5. He was also one of the counsel for the eleven members impeached by Thomas Fairfax in June 1647. On 9 February 1653–4 he was called to the degree of serjeant-at-law, and on 31 May following was made a justice of the upper bench, in which capacity he was placed on the special commission for the trial of the Yorkshire insurgents on 5 April 1655. He declined to serve, on the ground that levying war against the Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell was not within the statute of treason; and in consequence was removed from his place (3 May), and resumed practice at the bar. He was, however, reinstated before 26 June 1657, when he attended, as justice of the upper bench, the ceremony of the reinvestiture of the Protector in Westminster Hall.[4]

Newdigate was continued in office during Richard Cromwell's protectorate; and after his abdication, on 17 January 1660 was advanced to be Lord Chief Justice. Anticipating his dismissal on the Restoration, he had himself to return to the Convention parliament. On 5 April 1660 he was among the ‘old serjeants remade,’ and was briefly, in 1660, MP for Tamworth, Staffordshire.[5]

In 1675 Newdigate added the Warwickshire manor of Arbury, to which he had succeeded in 1642 on the death of his elder brother, that of Harefield, Middlesex, the ancient seat of his family, which had been alienated in the preceding century by his grandfather, a debtor, in a deal for Arbury with Edmund Anderson.[6] On 24 July 1677 a baronetcy was conferred on him by Charles II without payment of the ordinary fees.[4]

Newdigate died at Harefield Manor on 14 October 1678, and was buried in Harefield parish church, where a monument was raised to his memory.[4]

Family[edit]

Newdigate married, in 1631, Juliana, daughter of Sir Francis Leigh, K.B., of King's Newnham, Warwickshire, and had issue six sons and five daughters. He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son, Sir Richard Newdigate, 2nd Baronet (d. 1710), whose son, Sir Richard, third baronet, was father of Sir Roger Newdigate.[4]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Crisp 1907, pp. 38–9.
  2. ^ Larminie 2004.
  3. ^ a b Crisp 1907, pp. 35, 38–9.
  4. ^ a b c d e  "Newdigate, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 
  5. ^ History of Parliament Online - Newdigate, Richard
  6. ^ Larminie, Vivienne. "Newdigate, John (1542?–1592)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/20001.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

References[edit]

  • Crisp, Frederick Arthur, ed. (1907). Visitation of England and Wales. 7. pp. 35–9. 
  • Larminie, Vivienne (2004). Newdigate , Anne, Lady Newdigate (1574–1618). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 1 May 2013.  (subscription required)
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. pp. 254–6. ISBN 144996639X. 
  • Gooden, Eileen, The Squire of Arbury, 1990
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Newdigate, Richard". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. 

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Unknown
Member of Parliament for Tamworth
16601661
With: Thomas Fox
Succeeded by
Amos Walrond
John Swinfen
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Glynne
Lord Chief Justice
1660
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Foster
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Essex
High Steward of Sutton Coldfield
1646–1678
Succeeded by
Thomas Thynne
Baronetage of England
New title Baronet
(of Arbury)
1677–1678
Succeeded by
Richard Newdigate