Sir Robert Harland, 1st Baronet

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Sir Robert Harland
Robert Harland Painting.jpg
Admiral Sir Robert Harland
Born ca. 1715
Died 21 February 1784
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Years of service 1729–1783
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Scipio
HMS Tilbury
HMS Nottingham
HMS Monarch
HMS Essex
HMS Conqueror
HMS Princess Louisa
East Indies Station
Battles/wars War of the Austrian Succession
Seven Years' War

Admiral Sir Robert Harland, 1st Baronet (ca. 1715 – 21 February 1784) was a Royal Navy officer. He commanded HMS Tilbury at the Second Battle of Cape Finisterre in October 1747 during the War of the Austrian Succession and commanded HMS Princess Louisa at the Battle of Lagos in August 1759 during the Seven Years' War. He went on to be Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station and then First Naval Lord.

Naval career[edit]

The Battle of Lagos in 1759 off Portugal - painting by Thomas Luny

Born the son of Captain Robert Harland, Harland joined the Royal Navy in 1729 when he was appointed a Volunteer-per-order on HMS Falkland.[1] He was present as a lieutenant on HMS Princessa at the Battle of Toulon on 11 February 1744.[1] He was given command of the fireship HMS Scipio in 1745 and, with promotion to post captain on 19 March 1746, he took command of HMS Tilbury and took part in Second Battle of Cape Finisterre on 14 October 1747.[1] He was then appointed to HMS Nottingham later that year and the following year had a major role in the capture of the French 74 gun Magnanime on 31 January 1748.[1][2] He commanded HMS Monarch from 1748 and HMS Essex from 1755 before transferring to HMS Conqueror in 1758.[1] In 1759 he transferred to HMS Princess Louisa and took part in the Battle of Lagos on 18 August 1759.[1]

Harland was promoted to rear-admiral on 18 October 1770 and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station in 1771 remaining there until 1775.[1] He was appointed a baronet on 19 March 1771.[3] He was further promoted to vice-admiral on 5 February 1776[4] before becoming second in command of the Channel Fleet and fighting at the Battle of Ushant on 27 July 1778.[1]

Harland was appointed to the Board of Admiralty in the Second Rockingham ministry in April 1782.[5] He served as First Naval Lord from 1 April 1782, with the rank of full admiral from 8 April 1782,[6] until he left on 30 January 1783.[7] He died at his home in Sproughton in Suffolk on 21 February 1784.[1]

Family[edit]

In 1749 he married Susanna Reynold; they had three daughters and a son.[8]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
John Lindsay
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station
1771–1775
Succeeded by
Edward Hughes
Preceded by
George Darby
First Naval Lord
1782–1783
Succeeded by
Hugh Pigot
Baronetage of Great Britain
New creation Baronet
(of Sproughton)
1771–1784
Succeeded by
Robert Harland