Sir Robert Harland, 1st Baronet

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Sir Robert Harland
Robert Harland Painting.jpg
Admiral Sir Robert Harland
Born ca. 1715
Died 21 February 1784
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Scipio
HMS Tilbury
HMS Nottingham
HMS Monarch
HMS Essex
HMS Conqueror
HMS Princess Louisa
East Indies Station
Battles/wars War of the Austrian Succession
Seven Years' War

Admiral Sir Robert Harland, 1st Baronet (ca. 1715 – 21 February 1784) was a Royal Navy officer who became Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station.

Naval career[edit]

Born the son of Captain Robert Harland, Harland joined the Royal Navy in 1729 when he was appointed a Volunteer-per-order on HMS Falkland.[1] He was present as a lieutenant on HMS Princessa at the Battle of Toulon on 11 February 1744.[1] He was given command of HMS Scipio in 1745 and of HMS Tilbury in 1746 and took part in Second Battle of Cape Finisterre on 14 October 1747.[1] He was then appointed to HMS Nottingham later that year and the following year had a major role in the capture of the French 74 gun Magnanime on 31 January 1748.[1][2] He commanded HMS Monarch from 1748 and HMS Essex from 1755 before transferring to HMS Conqueror in 1758.[1] In 1759 he transferred to HMS Princess Louisa and took part in the Battle of Lagos on 18 August 1759.[1]

He was promoted to rear-admiral of the blue in 1770 and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station in 1771 remaining there until 1775.[1] He was further promoted to vice-admiral of the blue in 1775 and vice-admiral of the red in 1778 before becoming second in command of the Channel Fleet and fighting at the Battle of Ushant on 27 July 1778.[1] He was appointed to the Board of the Admiralty in 1782 and was promoted to admiral of the blue later that year.[1]


In 1749 he married Susanna Reynold; they had three daughters and a son.[3]



Military offices
Preceded by
John Lindsay
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station
Succeeded by
Edward Hughes
Baronetage of Great Britain
New creation Baronet
(of Sproughton)
Succeeded by
Robert Harland