Sir Thomas Bowyer, 1st Baronet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Sir Thomas Bowyer, 1st Baronet (28 November 1586 – February 1651) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1614 and 1642. He supported the Royalist cause in the English Civil War.

Bowyer was the son of Thomas Bowyer of Leighthorne Sussex and his second wife Jane Birch daughter of John Birch, Baron of the Exchequer, and was baptised on 4 December 1586 in Mundham in Sussex. His father died on 7 March 1595 when he succeeded to the estates.[1] In 1614, he was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for Midhurst. He was elected MP for Bramber in 1621, and was re-elected in 1624, 1625 and 1626. He was a High Sheriff of Surrey and High Sheriff of Sussex between 1626 and 1627. On 23 July 1627, he was created a baronet, of Leighthorne in the County of Sussex. He was re-elected MP for Bramber in 1629 and sat until 1629 when King Charles decided to rule without parliament for eleven years.[2]

In April 1640, Bowyer was elected MP for Bramber in the Short Parliament. He was not initially elected to the Long Parliament in November 1640, but the election was declared void and he was re-elected in a by-election. He sat until 23 November 1642 when he was disabled for assisting in putting a garrison into Chichester for the King. He was fined £2,033 as a delinquent on 18 May 1650.[1]

Bowyer was buried in Mundham on 28 February 1651.[1]

Bowyer married firstly Anne Stoughton, daughter of Adrian Stoughton and around 1634 secondly Jane Stoughton, widow of Sir George Stoughton snf daughter of Emery Cranley. He married a third time around 1642 to Anne. He had a son, Thomas, by his second wife, a son James, by his third wife, as well as twelve other children.[1]

References[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Francis Nevile
Sir Richard Weston
Member of Parliament for Midhurst
1614
With: William Courteman
Succeeded by
John Smith
Richard Lewknor
Preceded by
Sir John Leeds
Henry Shelley
Member of Parliament for Bramber
1621–1629
With: Robert Morley 1621–1624
Walter Barttelot 1625–1626
Sir Sackville Crowe 1628–1629
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Bramber
1640
With: Sir Edward Bishopp
Succeeded by
Sir Edward Bishopp
Arthur Onslow
Preceded by
Sir Edward Bishopp
Arthur Onslow
Member of Parliament for Bramber
1640–1642
With: Arthur Onslow
Succeeded by
Arthur Onslow
James Temple
Baronetage of England
New creation Baronet
(of Leighthorne)
1627–1650
Succeeded by
Thomas Boywer