Sir Thomas Monson, 1st Baronet

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Sir Thomas Monson aged 47, 1610, by an unknown English artist.

Sir Thomas Monson, 1st Baronet (1565 – 29 May 1641) was an English politician and supporter of King James I.


Sir Thomas was the son of Sir John Monson of South Carlton, Lincolnshire, a past High Sheriff of Lincolnshire. Sir Thomas's younger brother was Admiral Sir William Monson. Thomas was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford, matriculating at the age of fifteen in December 1579, and at Gray's Inn, where he was admitted a student in 1583.


Sir Thomas was appointed a Justice of the Peace in 1592 and High Sheriff of Lincolnshire for 1597 and probably knighted the same year. He then served as a Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire (1597–1598), Castle Rising (1604–1611), and finally Cricklade in 1614.

Under James I Monson thrived. He was made Keeper of the Armoury at Greenwich, Master of the Armoury at the Tower of London and Master Falconer to the King. He was created a hereditary baronet in 1611, one of the first in the Baronetage of England. But in 1615 his position of trust at the Tower of London brought about a situation which led to his arrest as one of the participators in the 1613 murder of Sir Thomas Overbury. He was eventually released however, after a year in the Tower, his reputation and finances ruined.


Sir Thomas Monson and his son John, who succeeded him as baronet.

He died in 1641 and was buried in South Carlton. He had married Margaret Anderson, the daughter of Sir Edmund Anderson, with whom he had four sons and five daughters. His eldest son and heir was John Monson (1600–1683), a member of parliament under Charles I. Another son was William Monson (c. 1607-1678), who was created an Irish peer as Viscount Monson of Castlemaine in 1628. Having been a member of the court which tried Charles I the viscount was deprived of his honours and was sentenced to imprisonment for life in 1661.



 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBradley, Emily Tennyson (1894). "Monson, Thomas". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 198, 199. 

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Edward Dymoke
George St Paul
Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire
With: William Pelham
Succeeded by
John Sheffield
William Wray
Preceded by
John Peyton
Robert Townshend
Member of Parliament for Castle Rising
With: Sir Robert Townshend
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Wynde
Thomas Byng
Preceded by
Sir John Hungerford
Sir Henry Poole
Member of Parliament for Cricklade
With: Sir John Eyre
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Howard
Sir Carew Reynell
Baronetage of England
New creation Baronet
(of Carleton)
Succeeded by
John Monson