Sir Thomas Troubridge, 1st Baronet

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This article is about the Royal Navy admiral. For others with the same name, see Thomas Troubridge (disambiguation).
Sir Thomas Troubridge, 1st Baronet
Sir Thomas Troubridge, 1st Baronet.jpg
Troubridge as a rear-admiral, painted 1804-5 by Sir William Beechey
Born c. 1758
Died 1 February 1807
Aboard HMS Blenheim
Allegiance United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland
Service/branch Royal Navy
Years of service 1773–1807
Rank Rear-admiral
Commands held HMS Lizard
HMS Active
HMS Defence
HMS Sultan
HMS Thames
HMS Castor
HMS Culloden

American War of Independence

French Revolutionary Wars

Awards Order of Saint Ferdinand and of Merit
Naval Gold Medal
Relations Edward Thomas Troubridge (son)

Sir Thomas Troubridge, 1st Baronet (c. 1758 – 1 February 1807) was a British naval commander .


Troubridge was educated at St Paul's School, London. He entered the Royal Navy in 1773 and, together with Horatio Nelson, served in the East Indies in the frigate Seahorse. In 1785 he returned to England in the Sultan as flag-captain to Admiral Sir Edward Hughes. Appointed to command the frigate Castor in May 1794, he and his ship were captured by the French while escorting a convoy, but he was liberated soon afterwards. On his return he was appointed to command Culloden, a third-rate ship of the line, in which he led the line at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, being commended for his courage and initiative by Admiral Sir John Jervis. In July 1797 he assisted Nelson in the unsuccessful attack on Santa Cruz de Tenerife. In August 1798, when getting into position for the attack on the French fleet, Culloden ran aground on a shoal near the entrance to Aboukir Bay and was consequently unable to take any part in the Battle of the Nile. At Nelson's request, however, he was awarded the gold medal commemorating the victory.[1]

He then served in the Mediterranean and was created a baronet in 1799; from 1801 to 1804 he was a Lord of the Admiralty, being made a rear-admiral just before his retirement. In 1805 Troubridge was appointed to command the eastern half of the East Indies Station and he went out in Blenheim. On his arrival the area of command was changed to that of the Cape Station. He left Madras in January 1807 for the Cape of Good Hope, but off the coast of Madagascar, Blenheim, an old and damaged ship, foundered in a cyclone and the admiral and all others on board perished.[1]

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Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Edward Pellew
(commanding on his own)
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station
(jointly with Sir Edward Pellew)

Succeeded by
Sir Edward Pellew
(commanding on his own)
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Loftus
Henry Jodrell
Member of Parliament for Great Yarmouth
With: Thomas Jervis
Succeeded by
Edward Harbord
Stephen Lushington
Baronetage of Great Britain
New creation Baronet
(of Plymouth)
Succeeded by
Edward Thomas Troubridge