Sir William Dawes, 3rd Baronet
Sir William Dawes
|Archbishop of York|
|Other posts||Dean of Bocking (1698–1708)|
Bishop of Chester (1708–1714)
|Born||12 September 1671|
Lyons, Essex, England
|Died||30 April 1724 (aged 52)|
Westminster, Middlesex, Great Britain
|Buried||Chapel, St Catharine's Hall, Cambridge|
|Nationality||English (later British)|
|Parents||Sir John Dawes|
Christian née Lyons
(m. 1692; died 1705)
|Children||5 sons & 2 daughters|
|Alma mater||St John's College, Oxford|
St Catharine's Hall, Cambridge
Dawes was born at Lyons, near Braintree in Essex and from the age of nine attended Merchant Taylors' School in London. Already excelling in Hebrew by the age of 15, he was barely 18 when he wrote his work in verse: The Anatomy of Atheisme, and his eminent The Duties of the Closet in prose.
In 1687, William matriculated at St John's College, Oxford, of which college he also became a fellow, then migrated to St Catharine's Hall, Cambridge in 1689. He graduated Master of Arts (MA Cantab) from St Catharine's in 1695, on royal decree (per lit. reg.) due to his young age; in 1696 he graduated in theology of Doctor of Divinity (DD).
In 1698 he was elected rector in the village of Bocking (where the rector is called Dean of Bocking) near to his estates in Essex. Here he introduced the innovative custom of taking Holy Communion not only on the three great feasts, but once every month.
On 8 February 1708 he was consecrated Bishop of Chester: this was at the personal wish of Queen Anne, who overruled the advice of her ministers in appointing him. He was Archbishop of York from 1714 until his death in 1724 and a Privy Counsellor. He owed his advancement to the good will of the Queen and of his predecessor, John Sharp, who had a great regard for him, and had great influence with the Queen: it was Sharp's dying request that Dawes succeed him at York, which the Queen happily granted. He restored the Archbishop's palace in York, the Bishopthorpe.
He died on 30 April 1724 from inflammation of the bowels. He was buried in the chapel of St Catharine's together with his wife. He was the most outstanding preacher of his period, a representative of the ideal of aristocratic prelate, of a high and authoritative personality.
William Dawes was the son of John Dawes, 1st Baronet of Putney and Christian Hawkins of Bocking. According to Samuel Pepys, his parents' marriage gave rise to a good deal of gossip. His orphaned mother was an heiress, aged only sixteen, and it was claimed that her husband married her without her guardian's consent. After his father's death his mother remarried the noted shipbuilder Sir Anthony Deane, by whom she had eight more children.
Styles and titles
- 1690–1695: Sir William Dawes Bt
- 1695–1696: The Reverend Sir William Dawes Bt
- 1696–1698: The Reverend Doctor Sir William Dawes Bt
- 1698: The Reverend Canon Doctor Sir William Dawes Bt
- 1698–1708: The Very Reverend Doctor Sir William Dawes Bt
- 1708–1714: The Right Reverend Doctor Sir William Dawes Bt
- 1714–1724: The Most Reverend and Right Honourable Doctor Sir William Dawes Bt
- "Dawes, Sir William". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/7336.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- [dead link]
- "Dawes, William (DWS695W)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- "St Catharine's College". Cambridge Online. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "No. 5264". The London Gazette. 28 September 1714. p. 1.
- "Pápai Páriz Ferenc, Album amicorum p. 468". ppf.mtak.hu. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- A genealogical and heraldic history of the extinct and dormant baronetcies ... by John Burke
- Stuart Handley, Dawes, Sir William, third baronet (1671–1724), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
- Leigh Rayment's list of baronets
- The whole works of ... Sir William Dawes, in 3 volumes, with a preface, giving some account of the life ... of the author. London, 1732, 1733.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Overton, John Henry (1888). "Dawes, William (1671-1724)". In Stephen, Leslie (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography. 14. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
|Church of England titles|
| Bishop of Chester
| Archbishop of York
| Master of St Catharine's College, Cambridge
|Baronetage of England|