Sirab

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For other places with the same name, see Sir Ab (disambiguation).
Sirab
Municipality
Sirab is located in Azerbaijan
Sirab
Sirab
Coordinates: 39°17′26″N 45°30′51″E / 39.29056°N 45.51417°E / 39.29056; 45.51417Coordinates: 39°17′26″N 45°30′51″E / 39.29056°N 45.51417°E / 39.29056; 45.51417
Country  Azerbaijan
Autonomous republic Nakhchivan
Rayon Babek
Population (2005)[citation needed]
 • Total 2,730
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)

Sirab (also, Siab and Surab) is a village and municipality in the Babek Rayon of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan. It is located 14 km in the north-east from the district center, on the foothill area. Its population is busy with grain-growing, vegetable-growing, beekeeping and animal husbandry. There are secondary school, two library, culture house, mosque and a medical center in the village. It has a population of 2,730. The Sirab mineral water deposit is near the village.[1]

Etymology[edit]

In the folk etymology, the toponym means "main water" (Sərab) or "mysterious water" (Sirab). According to the researchers, the name made out of a combination from the Persian words of Sir (rich, saturated) and Ab (water) and means "abundant water, water-saturated". In 1979, near the village was opened for the use, the Sirab Water Reservoir.[2]

Historical and archaeological monuments[edit]

Dashgala Cave[edit]

Dashgala Cave - the ancient karst cave in the Sarıdağ Mountain, in the north-west of the Sirab village of Babek rayon. It is also called Sirab cave among the local population. It is believed that the cave is the oldest human settlement.[1]

Sirab Necropolis[edit]

Sirab Necropolis - the archaeological monument of the Middle Ages in the south of the same named village of the Babek rayon. Its area is about 5 hectares. Basically, it consist from rectangle of soil graves oriented towards from the west to east. Most of the head stones of the graves have fallen. Some of the kept head stones consisted of flat stone slabs, upper part of them have been completed in the crown-shaped. Some of the head stones, are found the writing in Arabic-language. There are also inscriptions in Arabic-language on the upper part of the head stones in the ram shaped.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c ANAS, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (2005). Nakhchivan Encyclopedia. volume II. Baku: ANAS. p. 270. ISBN 5-8066-1468-9. 
  2. ^ Encyclopedic dictionary of Azerbaijan toponyms. In two volumes. Volume I. p. 304. Baku: "East-West". 2007. ISBN 978-9952-34-155-3.