Sirajuddin Haqqani

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Sirajuddin Haqqani
سراج الدين حقاني
Sirajuddin Haqqani.jpg
Video still of Sirajuddin Haqqani during an interview
Bornc. 1973-1980
Afghanistan
AllegianceFlag of Jihad.svg Haqqani network
Flag of Taliban.svg Taliban
Years of service2000s to present
RankDeputy leader of the Taliban[1]
Battles/warsWar on Terror
Civil war in Afghanistan (1996–2001)
War in Afghanistan (2001–present)
Taliban insurgency
Operation Zarb-e-Azb
RelationsJalaluddin Haqqani (father)

Sirajuddin Haqqani (Arabic: سراج الدين حقاني‎ aliases Khalifa, and, Siraj Haqqani. born c. 1973-1980[2][3]) is a military leader hailing from Afghanistan, who as deputy leader of the Taliban oversees armed combat against American and coalition forces, reportedly from a base within North Waziristan in Pakistan, from which he provides shelter to Al Qaeda operatives. Sirajuddin Haqqani is the leader of the Haqqani network, a sub-set of the Taliban organisation, and scion of the Haqqani clan.[4][5][6][7] Haqqani is currently deputy leader under the Taliban supreme commander, Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada.[8][9][1]

Name[edit]

Sirajuddin and Siraj[edit]

The Arabic of the English translation, Sirajuddin, is سراج الدين‎. According to one source, which provides the translation within Urdu, the name has the meaning lamp of the religion.[10] The name Siraj, converted to Arabic, is سِرَاج‎, which similarly has the meaning of any object which produces light, or light itself, i.e. a cresset, lamp, a candle, or again, light itself, and accordingly, the Sun. Siraj is a Quranic name, in that it is used four times within the Quran, and the word is also used to describe IMAM Mohammad.[11]

Haqqani[edit]

The Arabic conversion of Haqqani is حقانی‎, which means something or someone, just, fair-minded or impartial.[12]

Early life[edit]

He spent his childhood in Miriam Shah and attended Haqqaniya madrassa near Peshawar.

Family life[edit]

Sirajuddin Haqqani is the son of Jalaluddin Haqqani, a well-known mujahideen and military leader of pro-Taliban forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan. His younger brother Mohammad Haqqani, also a member of the network, died in a drone attack on February 18, 2010. The attack was conducted in Dande Darpakhel, a village in North Waziristan.[13]

Sirajuddin Haqqani's deputy, Sangeen Zadran, was killed by a US drone strike on 5 September 2013.[14]

Activities[edit]

Serena Hotel[edit]

Haqqani has admitted planning the January 14, 2008 attack against the Serena Hotel in Kabul that killed six people, including American citizen Thor David Hesla.[15]

Assassination attempt[edit]

Haqqani confessed his organization and direction of the planning of an attempt to assassinate Hamid Karzai, planned for April 2008.[5][15]

Elementary school[edit]

His forces have been accused by coalition forces of carrying out the late-December 2008 bombing in Kabul, Afghanistan at an Afghan elementary school near an Afghan barracks that killed several schoolchildren, an Afghan soldier, and an Afghan guard; no coalition personnel were affected.

Journalist hostage[edit]

In November 2008 New York Times reporter David S. Rohde was kidnapped in Afghanistan. His initial captors are believed to have been solely interested in a ransom. Sirajuddin Haqqani is reported to have been Rohde's last captor prior to his escape.[16]

Drones[edit]

Several reports indicated that Haqqani was targeted in a massive U.S. drone attack on February 2, 2010,[17] but that he was not present in the area affected by the attack.[18]

In March 2010 Haqqani was described as one of the leaders on the "Taliban's Quetta Shura".[19]

In 2011 it was reported that the CIA had an opportunity to assassinate Haqqani, but did not as women and children were nearby.[20]

Communications[edit]

A communication was posted, on the occasion of the election of Mullah A.M. Mansoor as the new leader of the Taliban, quoting Sirajuddin Haqqani:[21]

...My particular recommendation to all members of the Islamic Emirate is to maintain their internal unity and discipline...

Reward for capture[edit]

The U.S. government's Rewards for Justice Program is offering up to US$10 million in reward for information leading to Sirajuddin Haqqani's capture.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Mullah Omar: Taliban choose deputy Mansour as successor". BBC News. 31 July 2015. Retrieved 31 July 2015.
  2. ^ https://www.fbi.gov/wanted/terrorinfo/sirajuddin-haqqani
  3. ^ "Wanted: Sirajuddun Haqqani". Rewards for Justice. Retrieved 2014-08-21.
  4. ^ Islamabad Boys, The New Republic, 27 January 2010
  5. ^ a b The National Counter-Terrorism Centre. Profile. published by The National Counter-Terrorism Centre. Retrieved 2015-11-10.
  6. ^ E. Hayes (Retired Army Intelligence Officer) - article published August 23, 2015 by Counter Terrorism Lectures and Consulting [Retrieved 2015-11-10]
  7. ^ S. Mehsud. report. published October 23rd, 2015 by the Combating Terrorism Centre of Westpoint. Retrieved 2015-11-10.(please see West Point)
  8. ^ Janes https://web.archive.org/web/20070228153854/http://www.janes.com/defence/news/jdi/jdi061128_1_n.shtml. Archived from the original on 28 February 2007. Retrieved 22 May 2016. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. ^ "Afghan Taliban announce successor to Mullah Mansour". BBC News. 25 May 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  10. ^ site published by MuslimNames.info 2015, &, One Pakistan - site published by Onepakistan.com 2012 [Retrieved 2015-11-10]
  11. ^ site published by quranicnames.com, &, One Pakistan - site published by Onepakistan.com 2012 [Retrieved 2015-11-10]
  12. ^ site published by muslimbabynames.net 2015, &, One Pakistan - site published by Onepakistan.com 2012 [Retrieved 2015-11-10]
  13. ^ Shah, Pir Zubair (2010-02-19). "Missile Kills Militant Commander's Brother in Pakistan". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  14. ^ Rehman, Zia Ur (13 September 2013) 'A great blow' thefridaytimes.com
  15. ^ a b c "Wanted: Sirajuddun Haqqani". Rewards for Justice. Archived from the original on 2009-08-22. Retrieved 2010-12-04.
  16. ^ Matthew Cole (2009-06-22). "The David Rohde Puzzle". New York. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
  17. ^ Shahzad, Syed Saleem (2010-02-05). "US fires off new warning in Pakistan". Asia Times Online. Retrieved 2010-02-04.
  18. ^ "Sources: Drone strikes kill 29 in Pakistan". CNN. 2010-02-02. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
  19. ^ Amir Mir (2010-03-01). "Pakistan wipes out half of Quetta Shura". The News International. Archived from the original on 2010-03-04. The remaining nine members of the Quetta Shura who are still at large are believed to be Mullah Hassan Rehmani, the former governor of Kandahar province in Taliban regime; Hafiz Abdul Majeed, the former chief of the Afghan Intelligence and the surge commander of the Taliban in southern Afghanistan; Amir Khan Muttaqi, a former minister in Taliban regime; Agha Jan Mutasim, the Taliban’s head of political affairs; Mullah Abdul Jalil, the head of the Taliban’s shadowy interior ministry, Sirajuddin Haqqani, the son of Maulvi Jalaluddin Haqqani and the commander of the Haqqani militant network; Mullah Abdul Latif Mansoor, the commander of the Mansoor network in Paktika and Khost; Mullah Abdur Razaq Akhundzada, the former corps commander for northern Afghanistan; and Abdullah Mutmain, a former minister during the Taliban regime who currently looks after the financial affairs of the extremist militia.
  20. ^ Ken Dilanian (2011-02-22). "CIA drones may be avoiding Pakistani civilians". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
  21. ^ "Taliban power struggle breaks out in wake of news of Mullah Omar's death". The Chicago Tribune. August 2, 2015. Retrieved 2015-11-10.

External links[edit]