Sirens (1994 film)

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Theatrical release poster
Directed byJohn Duigan
Written byJohn Duigan
Produced bySue Milliken
CinematographyGeoff Burton
Edited byHumphrey Dixon
Music byRachel Portman
Distributed byMiramax Films (United States and United Kingdom; outside the United States through Buena Vista International[1])
Roadshow Film Distributors (Australia)[2]
Release date
28 April 1994 (1994-04-28) (Australia)
Running time
95 minutes
United Kingdom
Box office
  • A$2.8 million - Australia
  • £2.6 million - United Kingdom
  • US$7.8 million - US and Canada

Sirens is a 1994 film, based on the life of artist Norman Lindsay, written and directed by John Duigan and set in Australia during the interwar period.

Sirens, Four Weddings and a Funeral and Bitter Moonall released in the US within weeks of one another—were the films that brought Hugh Grant to the attention of American audiences.


Tony, an Anglican priest newly arrived in Australia from the United Kingdom, is asked to visit the notorious artist Norman Lindsay, out of the church's concern about a blasphemous painting of the crucifix that the artist plans to exhibit.

Estella, the priest's wife, accompanies him on the visit to the artist's bucolic compound in the Blue Mountains, New South Wales. There, they meet Lindsay's wife, Rose, two models, Pru and Sheela, and the maid, Giddy, all of whom pose for Lindsay. Devlin, the half-blind "odd-job" man, also poses for Lindsay.

Initially, Tony and Estella are both disturbed by the frank conversations about human sexuality in which the members of the bohemian group all participate. They are further startled by the amount of nudity they encounter, both in the studio and outside. As the story unfolds, both Tony and Estella find themselves observing the young women bathing naked in a nearby pool and instead of turning instantly away, each pauses to watch.

Joining the models to swim one morning, Estella is shocked when they bathe naked (she and the maid have come in swimming costumes). Estella is further shocked when Devlin arrives on the scene and the naked women flirt with him, knowing that he cannot see them. On a later occasion, Estella observes the two models caressing the maid, and joins them in stroking her. She doesn't realise that her husband, walking nearby, observes this and is disturbed by the scene's sexual content. At another time, Estella observes Devlin sunbathing naked, and flees when she realises he knows she is there.

Estella is increasingly affected by the sensuality of her surroundings and the bohemian attitude towards sexuality. Her relationship with her husband includes intimacy and commitment, but lacks passion.

The surroundings and the lives of the models are siren calls that lead Estella to fantasize with increasing intensity, and (with encouragement from the models) act on a few of her impulses. She suffers morning-after remorse about a late-night visit to Devlin. Influenced by supportive words from her husband, who had witnessed her earlier intimacy with the models, Estella shares a passionate moment with her husband.

While Tony is outraged to discover his wife's naked likeness included in one of Lindsay's paintings of a group of naked women, Estella merely observes that it is a good likeness, thus deflating her husband's moral outrage and threats to sue. The next day, Tony and Estella leave the bucolic compound. They travel back home on a train in a shared suite and, showing a changed attitude, Estella caresses Tony with her stocking-covered foot. She falls asleep on the train, and dreams she is naked on a cliff with the other women.



The film was a long-standing project of John Duigan:

The starting point was the idea of doing something on the tension between the church's teaching and the sensual side of life. I have always felt that the church's actual teachings on this issue—since I experienced it first-hand as a boy at school—reflected some biases, particularly against the place and role of women in the church, and the place of women's sensuality. I wanted to deal with these sorts of issues but I also wanted to explore them in a comic context. It's a film about sensuality but if you don't have a humorous aspect, then I think you're missing out on a particular dimension of the sensuality.[3]

He originally pitched the project to Kennedy Miller after making Fragments of War but they passed.[4]

Duigan said that what drew him to cast Grant: "Hugh has the capacity to be a terrific player of light comedy, in the tradition of Cary Grant and David Niven. He has the same ease and urbanity in the way he moves and talks."[5] Grant told Farber what he brought to the character of the Anglican priest:

I kept looking at the part and wondered how I could crack it, because he was such a straitlaced character. And then I realized that if he thought he was trendy and avant-garde, that added a whole new swing to it. I see him as quite the star of his theological college, probably quite daring with his Turkish cigarettes. And I imagine that he even makes the occasional sexual reference in his conversation after a couple of glasses of sherry. But confronted with the real McCoy, in the form of Elle Macpherson without her clothes, he's hopeless.[5]

Most of the film is set at what is now the Norman Lindsay Gallery and Museum, which was the original home of the real-life Lindsay with sequences filmed at the railway station at Mount Victoria, New South Wales.


Critical response[edit]

On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, 74% of 31 critics' reviews are positive, with an average rating of 6.3/10.[6] Metacritic, which uses a weighted average, assigned the film a score of 64 out of 100, based on 20 critics, indicating "generally favorable" reviews.[7]

Janet Maslin of The New York Times wrote: "Sirens is best watched as a soft-core, high-minded daydream about the liberating sensuality of art...[it] has an archly intelligent performance from Mr. Grant, who turns the priest's embarrassment into a real comic virtue. Ms. Fitzgerald, who made a strong first impression in Hear My Song, is again a forceful presence, even when acting out the story's giddy erotic fantasies."[8] Maslin said the film "often verges on silliness and desperately overworks the symbolic importance of snakes. Still, it's hard not to enjoy a film whose most intellectually daring character—Mr. Neill's stern Lindsay—claims to have spent a previous life in Atlantis."[8]

Hal Hinson of The Washington Post was less forgiving: he called the ideas presented by the film "warmed-over D. H. Lawrence" and the film, a "peculiar, not entirely undesirable sort of art-house hybrid, like a marriage between Masterpiece Theatre and Baywatch", citing "scenes, like the one in which Estella is brought to orgasm by the tender, knowing hands of a blind laborer, [that] are almost laughable."[9]

Roger Ebert, guessing incorrectly that the inspiration for Neill's character was Augustus John, noted that Sirens has "no particular plot"; he also called it a "good-hearted, whimsical movie which makes no apologies for the beauty of the human body and yet never feels sexually obsessed."[10]

Year-end lists[edit]

Box office[edit]

Sirens grossed A$2.8 million at the box office in Australia, [16] £2.6 million in the United Kingdom,[17] and US$7.8 million in the United States and Canada.[18]

Home media[edit]

Sirens was released on DVD by Miramax Films in May 1999[19][20] and Echo Bridge Home Entertainment in May 2011.[21][22] Umbrella Entertainment released Sirens on DVD in May 2010[23] and later, on Blu-ray, in March 2013.[24] The Umbrella Entertainment disc releases are compatible with all region codes and includes special features such as the theatrical trailer, script, press clippings, stills gallery, an ABC Lively Arts interview with Norman Lindsay, an informal home movie chat with Hugh Grant and John Duigan, and audio commentary with John Duigan and Sue Milliken.[23][24]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Sirens (1993)". BBFC. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Sirens (35mm)". Australian Classification Board. Retrieved 3 August 2021.
  3. ^ "Interview with John Duigan", Signet, 28 April 1994 and 17 May 1997 accessed 18 November 2012
  4. ^ Scott Murray, "John Duigan: Awakening the Dormant", Cinema Papers, November 1989 p31-35, 77
  5. ^ a b Farber, Stephen (27 February 1994). "Hugh Grant Makes Them Think of Cary Grant". The New York Times. p. S2-17. Archived from the original on 27 April 2023. Retrieved 12 August 2023.
  6. ^ "Sirens". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved 12 September 2023. Edit this at Wikidata
  7. ^ "Sirens". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
  8. ^ a b Maslin, Janet (4 March 1994). "Naughtiness in Pooh Land". The New York Times. p. C-16. Archived from the original on 27 September 2020. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
  9. ^ Hinson, Hal (11 March 1994). "'Sirens' (R)". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 May 2010.
  10. ^ Ebert, Roger (11 March 1994). "Sirens". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 27 April 2023 – via
  11. ^ Arnold, William (30 December 1994). "'94 Movies: Best and Worst". Seattle Post-Intelligencer (Final ed.). p. 20.
  12. ^ King, Dennis (25 December 1994). "SCREEN SAVERS in a Year of Faulty Epics, The Oddest Little Movies Made The Biggest Impact". Tulsa World (Final Home ed.). p. E1.
  13. ^ Lovell, Glenn (25 December 1994). "The Past Picture Show the Good, the Bad and the Ugly -- a Year Worth's of Movie Memories". San Jose Mercury News (Morning Final ed.). p. 3.
  14. ^ Mills, Michael (30 December 1994). "It's a Fact: 'Pulp Fiction' Year's Best". The Palm Beach Post (Final ed.). p. 7.
  15. ^ MacCambridge, Michael (22 December 1994). "it's a LOVE-HATE thing". Austin American-Statesman (Final ed.). p. 38.
  16. ^ "Top 5 Australian Feature Films Each Year | 1994". Screen Australia. 12 September 2023. Archived from the original on 10 August 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
  17. ^ Olins, Rufus (24 September 1995). "Mr Fixit of the British Screen". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 9 March 2014 – via Gale.(subscription may be required or content may be available in libraries)
  18. ^ "Sirens". Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved 1 September 2023.Edit this at Wikidata
  19. ^ "Sirens - Miramax Films-dvd/msn". Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  20. ^ Sirens - Miramax Films-dvd/amazon. ISBN 0788815717.
  21. ^ "Sirens - Echo Bridge Home Entertainment-dvd". Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  22. ^ "Sirens - Echo Bridge Home Entertainment-dvd/amazon". Amazon. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  23. ^ a b "Sirens - Umbrella Entertainment-dvd". Retrieved 21 October 2013.
  24. ^ a b "Sirens - Umbrella Entertainment-br". Retrieved 21 October 2013.

External links[edit]