Siret (river)

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Siret
Siretul la Mircesti.jpg
Siret River at Mircești
Siret.png
Path of the Siret [1]
Location
CountryUkraine, Romania
Counties/
Oblasts
Chernivtsi O., Botoșani C., Suceava C., Neamț C., Iași C., Bacău C., Vrancea C., Galați C.
CitiesPașcani, Roman, Bacău, Galați
Physical characteristics
SourceEastern Carpathians
 ⁃ locationChernivtsi O., Ukraine
 ⁃ elevation1,238 m (4,062 ft)
MouthDanube
 ⁃ location
Galați
 ⁃ coordinates
45°24′11″N 28°1′27″E / 45.40306°N 28.02417°E / 45.40306; 28.02417Coordinates: 45°24′11″N 28°1′27″E / 45.40306°N 28.02417°E / 45.40306; 28.02417
Length647 km (402 mi)
Basin size44,811 km2 (17,302 sq mi)
Discharge 
 ⁃ average250 m3/s (8,800 cu ft/s)
Basin features
ProgressionDanubeBlack Sea
Tributaries 
 ⁃ leftBârlad
 ⁃ rightSuceava, Moldova, Bistrița, Trotuș, Putna, Buzău

The Siret or Sireth (Ukrainian: Сірет or Серет, Romanian: Siret pronounced [siˈret], Hungarian: Szeret, Russian: Сирет) is a river that rises from the Carpathians in the Northern Bukovina region of Ukraine, and flows southward into Romania before it joins the Danube.[1][2] It is 647 km (402 mi) long,[3]:9 of which 559 km (347 mi) in Romania,[2][3]:9[4] and its basin area is 44,811 km2 (17,302 sq mi),[3]:6 of which 42,890 km2 (16,560 sq mi) in Romania.[2][3]:6[4] Its average discharge is 250 m3/s (8,800 cu ft/s).[3]:15 In ancient times, it was named Hierasus (Ancient Greek Ιερασός).

Towns and villages[edit]

Barboschi Railway Bridge, from an 1870s wood engraving

The following towns and villages are situated along the river Siret, from source to mouth: Berehomet, Storozhynets, Siret, Grămești, Zvoriștea, Liteni, Dolhasca, Pașcani, Stolniceni-Prăjescu, Roman, Bacău, Adjud, Mărășești, Galați.

Tributaries[edit]

Siret river near Roman.

The following rivers are tributaries to the river Siret (from source to mouth):[2]

Left: Bahna (Mihăileni), Molnița, Bahna (Lozna), Gârla Sirețel, Gârla Huțanilor, Vorona, Pleșul, Turbata, Pietrosul, Sirețel, Stolniceni, Hărmănești, Pârâul Țigăncilor, Mihăili, Boca, Albuia, Rediu, Vulpășești, Pârâul Pietros, Țiganca, Icușești, Glodeni, Râpaș, Moara, Bogdănești, Valea Morii, Ulm, Racova, Tamași, Răcătău, Soci, Fulgeriș, Rogoza, Polocin, Lupa, Bârlad, Călmățui, Geru, Bârlădel, Rusca, Mălina, Cătușa.

Right: Malyi Seret, Găvan, Negostina, Pârâul Mare, Verehia, Baranca, Leahu, Stâncuța, Hănțești, Grigorești, Sălăgeni, Suceava, Șomuzul Mic, Șomuzul Mare, Pârâul lui Pulpa, Trestioara, Conțeasca, Ruja, Sodomeni, Valea Părului, Podul Turcului (Draga), Moldova, Valea Neagră, Turbata, Precista, Bistrița, Bahna, Valea Mare, Cleja (or Tocila), Răcăciuni, Drăgușeni, Scurta, Bolohan, Fântânele, Conțești, Trotuș, Valea Boului, Carecna, Câmpul, Zăbrăuț, Șușița, Gârla Morilor, Putna Seacă, Putna, Leica, Râmnicul Sărat, Buzău.

2010 floodings[edit]

During July 2010, Gheorghe Flutur, president of Suceava County, told the Mediafax news agency his region was one of the worst hit in the country in the morning of the 29th as he co-ordinated local flood relief work in his stricken county.[5] Later that day the River Siret threatened to break through the dykes protecting the town of Șendreni, as locals and emergency services reinforced the dykes with truckloads of sandbags to prevent the river breaking out and flooding the town.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Planul național de management. Sinteza planurilor de management la nivel de bazine/spații hidrografice, anexa 7.1" (PDF, 5.1 MB). Administrația Națională Apele Române. 2010. pp. 898–900.
  2. ^ a b c d Atlasul cadastrului apelor din România. Partea 1 (in Romanian). Bucharest: Ministerul Mediului. 1992. pp. 365–438. OCLC 895459847. River code: XII.1
  3. ^ a b c d e Planul de management al spațiului hidrografic Siret, Administrația Națională Apele Române
  4. ^ a b Dăscălița, Dan (2011). "Integrated water monitoring system applied by Siret river basin administration from Romania" (PDF). Present Environment and Sustainable Development. 5 (2): 45–60. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Romania floods kill 21". Times of Malta. 30 June 2010. Retrieved 7 April 2016.

External links[edit]