Sirhind Canal

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The Sirhind Canal is a large irrigation canal that carries water from the Sutlej River in Punjab state, India. It is one of the oldest and biggest irrigation works in the Indus river system, and was inaugurated in 1882 CE.[1] The canal begins at Ropar headworks near Ropar city in Rupnagar district of Punjab.[1]

Geography of the canal[edit]

The Sirhind Canal begins at Ropar and heads southwest to Doraha in Ludhiana district. At Doraha, the canal splits into three: the Abohar branch, the Bathinda branch and the Patiala branch. Each of these further subdivides extensively to irrigate a large swathe of the Malwa region of Punjab. Once a partially arid zone, this area is now extremely fertile due to the water distributed by the canal network.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b R. Rangachari, Third World Centre for Water Management, Centre for Policy Research, Bhakra-Nangal Project: socio-economic and environmental impacts, Oxford University Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-19-567534-4, ... Sirhind Canal The Ropar headworks feeding the Sirhind canal system are among the oldest developments in the Indus basin, particularly based on the flows of the Sutlej. The project was undertaken in 1873 ... irrigation commenced in 1882 ...CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ The Britannica Quizmaster, Popular Prakashan, ISBN 978-81-7154-881-1, ... From Ropar the canal runs west- southwest to Doraha where it splits into three branches: Abohar, Bathinda, and Patiala ... irrigating a large part of western Malwa ...

Coordinates: 30°59′17″N 76°31′3″E / 30.98806°N 76.51750°E / 30.98806; 76.51750