Siri Derkert in the 1940s
Siri Karin Derkert
August 30, 1888
|Died||April 28, 1973 (aged 84)|
|Resting place||Lidingö churchyard|
|Known for||Public art in Stockholm|
|Ristningar i betong|
Siri Karin Derkert (30 August 1888 – 28 April 1973) was a Swedish artist and sculptor. She was also a strong advocate for peace, feminism and environmental issues.
Life and education
Derkert was born on 30 August 1888 in the parish of Adolf Fredrik Church in Stockholm. She was one of seven children of merchant Carl Edward Johansson Derkert and Emma Charlotta Valborg, born Fogelin. She received her first artistic education at the Caleb Althin school of art in Stockholm, where she started in 1904. She went on to the Royal Institute of Art in 1911–13.
In 1913, Derkert moved to Paris where she studied at the Académie Colarossi and the Académie de la Grande Chaumière together with Swedish sculptors Ninnan Santesson and Lisa Bergstrand, until the start of World War I in the autumn of 1914. In February 1914, the three friends spent five weeks in Algiers where Derkert was introduced to more vibrant and bolder color schemes. During and after the war she spent some time in Italy, where her first child Carlo was born. Derkert was also a student at the Kvinnliga medborgarskolan vid Fogelstad (Fogelstad Citizen School for Women) where she arrived in September 1943. The stay proved inspirational for her later works. She made several sketches of the women in charge of the school, among them Honorine Hermelin and Ada Nilsson.
Derkert had three children: a son Carlo (1915–1994) with Finnish artist Valle Rosenberg and daughters Liv (1917–38) and Sara (born 1920) with Swedish illustrator Bertil Lybeck. Derkert was married to Lybeck in 1921–25, but they did not live together. Derkert died on 28 April 1973 in Lidingö, and is buried in the Lidingö churchyard.
Derkert is known as an artist with a strong personal and Expressionistic style. In her early works, particularly from her time in Paris, elements of both Cubism and Fauvism can be found. She made paintings of figures in grayscale, mostly using pastels as well as paintings of interiors and portraits of children. During the 1910s, she worked as a fashion illustrator. It was not until the 1940s, that she made her breakthrough in the art community. This also coincided with her new political engagement in the peace movement and feministic issues.
Siri Derkert designed fashion plates, fashion collections and designed costumes during the 1910s and early 1920s. Cubism and modernism was reflected in her designs with geometric shapes and patterns made from the layering of fabric and stringing of beads and pearls to create square and rectangular shapes. The pearls and rich colors she used reflected oriental and Egyptian influence in her costumes as well. At this time Russian Ballet had a heavy influence on fashion design and inspired an avant garde dance show she participated in producing in 1917. The dance show was produced in a theater in Stockholm knows as the Intiman, with collaboration from artist Anna Petrus, Märta Kuylenstierna, and her sister Sonja Derkert. Together they combined many art forms into a Gesamtkunstwerk using dance, costumes, music, and scenery. Though they never created a sequel, the costumes received recognition and compliments. These costumes were designed at a school for training dressmakers knows as the Birgittaskolan, where Derkert produced two collections per year. Siri Derkert herself wore men's bohemian style clothing including men's trousers. This was common amongst women artists at this time to emphasize modernity and liberation.
She became known to a greater audience when she was asked to do the art in the Östermalmstorg station of the Stockholm metro. Since the station was designed to serve as a shelter in case of a nuclear war, Derkert filled the walls with messages of peace, feminism and notes from revolutionary songs. When her exhibition Rörelser i alla riktningar ("Movements in all directions"), opened in April 1960, she became the first woman to hold a solo exhibition at the Moderna Museet in Stockholm.
Derkert's work is represented at the Nationalmuseum, Moderna Museet, Museum of Sketches for Public Art and Gothenburg Museum of Art. Her work can also be found on a stamp issued by the Swedish postal service in 1982, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of Elin Wägner.
She was an ardent advocate for peace, feminism and environmental issues. This commitment started in the early 1940s and grew during the rise of the Swedish peace movement in the 1950s, when Derkert became leader of the Stockholm section of the Svenska Kvinnors Vänsterförbund (the Swedish Women's Left-wing Association). At the time the Swedish Security Service monitored all participants in that new movement and consequently her activities were meticulously recorded in their files.
When Apollo 11 landed on the moon in 1969, the Swedish Radio invited some noted Swedes to comment on the event during the broadcast. Derkert was chosen to speak along with former leader of the Communist Party of Sweden C.-H. Hermansson and archbishop Ruben Josefson.
She has been described by Martin Gustavsson as a "bird loving motorcycle-Marxist".
Public art – a selection
- Kvinnopelaren ("Women's pillar"), upper platform, T-Centralen metro station in Stockholm, carvings in concrete (1956–1958)
- Ristningar i betong ("Carvings in concrete"), Östermalmstorg metro station in Stockholm, sandblasted concrete (1962–1964)
- Vi – We – Nous, Hersby high school in Lidingö, Stockholm, tapestry (1962)
- Sverigeväggen ("Swedish wall"), on the House of Sweden, Kungsträdgården in Stockholm, relief/carving in concrete and stainless steel (1967–1969)
- Ren luft – rent vatten ("Clean air – clean water"), Gullingeskolan in Tensta, sculpture in aluminum (1968–1972)
- Senapsträdet och himmelens fåglar ("The mustard tree and the birds of heaven"), Skövde kulturhus, public library, reliefs in concrete (1959–1969)
- A series of concrete slabs with carvings outside the Stockholm International Fairs
- Sveriges dödbok 1947–2003 [Swedish death index 1947–2003] (in Swedish) (3.0 ed.). Stockholm: Sveriges släktforskarförbund. 2004.
- Sveriges befolkning 1900 (in Swedish) (1.00 ed.). Ramsele: Sveriges släktforskarförb. 2006.
- "Siri Derkert". www.modernamuseet.se. Moderna Museet. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Siri Derkert". www.bukowskis.com. Bukowskis. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Rohdin, Mats; Öhrner, Annika, eds. (2011). "Att alltid göra och tänka det oilka" [To always do and think the opposite] (PDF). www.kb.se. National Library of Sweden. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Karin Siri Derkert". www.finngraven.se. FinnGraven.se. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
- Rubin, Birgitta (31 May 2011). "Siri Derkert på Moderna museet, Stockholm". www.dn.se. Dagens Nyheter. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Derkert, Siri; Öhrner, Annika; Samuelsson, Peter (2001). Siri Derkert: modernist, modetecknare. Borås: Högskolan i Borås. Centrum för textilforskning (CTF). pp. 1–22. ISBN 91-631-1523-9. SELIBR 8365388.
- Viksten, Elin (30 May 2011). "Siri Derkerts otroliga verklighet" [The unbelievable reality of Siri Derkert]. www.gd.se. Gefle Dagblad. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Siri Derkert". www.lexikonettamanda.se. Konstnärslexikonett amanda. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Frimärkskatalog" [Stamp catalogue]. www.colnect.com. Colnect.com. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- "Prins Eugen Medaljen" (PDF). Retrieved 14 February 2015.
- Lindorm, Per-Erik, ed. (1960). Panorama 60 – en bokfilm från Bonniers Folkbibliotek. Stockholm: Albert Bonniers förlag. p. 172.
- Söderberg, Rolf (1974). Siri Derkert. Publikation / Sveriges allmänna konstförening, 0347–2515 ; 83 (in Swedish). Stockholm.
- Gedda, Emma (2001). "Siri Derkert – avantgardistisk konstnär och modetecknerska". Konstvärlden & disajn (6): 68–69.
- Han finns, förstår du: Siri Derkert och Valle Rosenberg [You see, he exists: Siri Derkert and Valle Rosenberg] (in Swedish) (1 ed.). Åhus: Kalejdoskop. 1986. ISBN 91-85552-95-X. SELIBR 7750382.
- Carlgren, Maria; Siri Derkert at Svenskt kvinnobiografiskt lexikon
- Derkert, Siri; Öhrner, Annika; Olof-Ors, Matilda (2011). Siri Derkert. Moderna museets utställningskatalog, 0347-9196 ; 365 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Atlantis. ISBN 9789173534932.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Siri Derkert.|
- Studio 65 – Siri Derkert, art in the metro (1965) Documentary showing Derkert creating the art in the Östermalmstorg metro station