Sirohi

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Sirohi
Hirohi
city
Sirohi is located in Rajasthan
Sirohi
Sirohi
Sirohi is located in India
Sirohi
Sirohi
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 24°53′06″N 72°51′45″E / 24.885°N 72.8625°E / 24.885; 72.8625Coordinates: 24°53′06″N 72°51′45″E / 24.885°N 72.8625°E / 24.885; 72.8625
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Sirohi
Founded aft. 1450
Founded by Rao sobhaji, sehastramal
Government
 • Type Rajasthan Government
 • Body Municipal Council / Nagar Parishad ,Sirohi
 • Collector Sandesh Nayak .IAS
 • MLA Otaram Devasi
 • MP Devji .M Patel
Area
 • Total 5,179 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Elevation 321 m (1,053 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 851,107
 • Density 164/km2 (420/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Sirohian
Languages
 • Official Hindi
 • Local Rajasthani
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 307001
Telephone code 02972
Vehicle registration RJ 24, RJ38
Nearest city Ahmedabad, Jalore, Pali, Mehsana, Udaipur
Website http://sirohi.rajasthan.gov.in/

Sirohi is a city in southern Rajasthan state in western India. It is the administrative headquarters of Sirohi District and was formerly the capital of the princely state of Sirohi ruled by Deora Chauhan Rajput. It has five Tehsils (Administrative Divisions): Abu Road, Sheoganj, Reodar, Pindwara, and Sirohi itself. It is also known as Devnagari. The nearest railway station to Sirohi is Sirohi Road.Sirohi got first rank in 33 districts of Rajasthan for "Swach bharat Abhiyan " in year 2014.

Swachh Bharat Mission 2017[edit]

S No Dist.Name National Rank State Rank
1 India Sirohi 231 8
2 India Pali 270 14
3 India Jalore 361 19
4 India Jodhpur 387 21
5 India Udaipur 457 27

Transportation[edit]

Sirohi is well connected to all the cities of India through National Highways and State Highways . RSRTC has daily services to Jaipur, Udaipur, Ajmer, Kota, Barmer, Delhi, Ahmedabad, Surat, Kalyan from Sirohi Central Busstop . Various private company buses like VRL Travels, SRS Travels, Shrinath Travels have daily services from Sirohi to Bangalore and Pune . Nearest Railway Station Sirohi Road (SOH) and Abu road (ABR). Nearest Domestic Airport Udaipur and International Airport Ahmedabad .

Geography[edit]

Sirohi is located at 24°53′06″N 72°51′45″E / 24.885°N 72.8625°E / 24.885; 72.8625.[1] It has an average elevation of 321 metres (1053 ft).

History[edit]

The Name Sirohi had been derived by "Siranwa" hills on the Western Slope of which it stands. Colonel Tod in his book "Travels in Western India" has suggested that the names of the territory might have derived from its position at the head (Sir) of the desert (Rohi), Sirohi also named as "Sword" and this had led some people to believe that this State of brave Deora Chauhans received it present name due to its widespread fame of its Swords i.e. Sirohi means " Self Respect is most important even if head may be detached " in other words "A Rajput of Sirohi may die for Self Respect." Sirohi, is said to have taken its name from Sirohi from Siranwa hill, on the western slope at which it stands. In 1405, Rao Sobhaji founded the town of Shivpuri on the eastern slope of Siranwa Hill. Shivpuri today lies in ruins. In 1425, his son and successor, Sehastramal (or Sahastramal, Sehastramal), founded a fortress on the eastern slope of the same hill, which became his capital and grew into the present-day town of Sirohi.

After Independence an agreement was signed between Central Government and minor ruler of Sirohi State, with this the State Administration of the Sirohi State was taken over by Bombay Government from 5 January 1949 to 25 January 1950. The first administrator representing a bombay state was Prema Bhai Patel. After final merger with Rajasthan in 1950, an area of 787 km2 consisting of Aburoad and Delwara tehsils of Sirohi district was renamed with the Bombay State on 1 November 1956, after the recommendation of the State organisation Commission, which forms the present position of the district.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011, Sirohi had a population of 851,107. The urban population is 150,890. Males constitute 53% of the population, and females constitute 47%. Sirohi has an average literacy rate of 66%, higher than the national average of 54.3%; male literacy is 70%, and female literacy is 37%. In Sirohi, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age. Stated.

Religions in Sirohi City
Hinduism
  
83.56%
Islam
  
8.55%
Jainism
  
5.68%
Christian
  
1.0%
Others
  
0.08%
Distribution of religions

Education[edit]

Schools in Sirohi are affiliated either by the Central board of secondary education, or Rajasthan board of secondary education. There are 863 schools in the district including both private & govenment . The higher education institutions in the city included Govt P.G.College affiliated by Mohanlal Sukhadia University and & Private colleges .For Technical education Govt. POLYTECHNIC & Govt. Women B.ed college and ITI College as well

Some renowned schools in the city are St. Paul's Sr Secondary School, Ajit vidhya Mandir, Emmanuel Mission School so on

National & State Highways[edit]

Sirohi is well connected to highways of India by the NHAI . NH 14 connects sirohi from South starting from Gujarat Border lies near Abu Road to the North up to the Pali District of Rajasthan and continues up to Beawar . NH 168 passing through sirohi intersecting SH 27 which is also known as Delhi - Kandla Highway SH 27 ends at Deesa In Gujarat State . SH 38 passing from NH 14 in the west of the sirohi connecting NH 112 via Jalore and ends at the Balotra in Barmer District. SH 10 on the East of sirohi heading towards NH 8 intersect at Udaipur, Rajasthan and SH 10 continues up to Banswara District in Rajasthan .

Places of Interest[edit]