Coordinates: 29°32′N 75°01′E / 29.533°N 75.017°E / 29.533; 75.017
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Sign board of Sirsa city, Haryana, India
Sign board of Sirsa city, Haryana, India
Sirsa is located in Haryana
Sirsa is located in India
Coordinates: 29°32′N 75°01′E / 29.533°N 75.017°E / 29.533; 75.017
Country India
 • Deputy CommissionerParth Gupta, IAS [2]
200.55 m (657.97 ft)
 • Total200,034[1]
 • OfficialHindi, Haryanvi
 • Additional officialBagri
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code91-1666 xxx xxx
Vehicle registrationHR-24, HR-57
Sex ratio897 /[3]
Planning agencyHUDA

Sirsa is a city and a municipal council in Sirsa district in the westernmost region of the Indian state of Haryana, bordering Punjab and Rajasthan. It is located near to Thar desert. It is located 250 kilometres north-west of New Delhi and 260 kilometers south-west of state capital Chandigarh. Sirsa's nearest cities include Hisar, Fatehabad, Ellenabad, Bhadra, Nohar, Mandi Dabwali and Hanumangarh. Its history dates back to the time of the Mahabharata. At one time, the Sarasvati River flowed in this area.[6]


Sirsa has been identified with two earlier names: Sarsūti in medieval sources and Śairīṣaka in ancient literature.[7]: 1 [8] Sarsūti appears to come from the name of the Sarasvati River, which once flowed near Sirsa. Ancient texts mentioning Śairīṣaka include the Mahābhārata, where it is mentioned as one of the places conquered by Nakula; the Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini; and the Divyāvadāna. The name Śairīṣaka may be derived from the siris tree, Albizia lebbeck, which is common in the area.[7]: 1 

A few folk etymologies also exist for the name. One derives the name from that of a mystic named Baba Sarsain Nath, but there is no historical evidence for this.[9]: 4  Another local tradition holds that the town and its fort were founded by a 7th-century king named Saras and subsequently named after him.[7]: 1 


There are two adjacent archaeological mounds on the southwest side of present-day Sirsa, but they have not been excavated by archaeologists, so the origins of the settlement at Sirsa are unknown. However, some isolated discoveries have been made at the Sirsa mounds. The oldest find is a terracotta toy wheel, found in 1988, that archaeologists believe belongs to the Iron Age Painted Grey Ware culture (c. 1200-600 BCE). Four terracotta figures, including three depicting women and one depicting a tree (possibly a kalpataru motif), are dated to roughly the time of the Maurya and Shunga dynasties. Numerous copper coins of the Yaudheya and Kushan periods have been found at Sirsa, along with various terracotta objects. These include a statute of the Buddha, a 0.6-m-tall sculpture of the goddess Ganga on her mount, a mukhalinga depicting Shiva, a figure of an elephant with a man and woman riding on top, and various others. Three gold coins from the Gupta Empire (one depicting Samudragupta and an unnamed queen consort, one depicting Chandragupta II, and one of Kumaragupta I) have also been found at Sirsa, along with numerous terracotta objects.[9]: 17–22 

Another discovery from Sirsa is a stone slab inscribed in Sanskrit with a king's eulogy. The king's name, along with most of the composition, is lost. This inscription is dated to the 5th or 6th century.[7]: 26 

Another stone inscription found at the Sirsa mound dates from the 9th century, during the reign of Mihira Bhoja. Although a large part is missing,[10]: 294  the surviving part records the construction of a brick temple to Shiva by a Pāśupata acharya named Nīlakaṇṭha.[7]: 26 

According to the Tarikh-i-Firishta, the Ghaznavid sultan Mas'ud I captured Sirsa during his campaign to conquer Hansi in 1037. His troops apparently encountered an abundance of sugar cane growing at Sirsa, which they used to fill the moat around the town's fortress in order to attack it.[7]: 26 [9]: 28  However, subsequent Ghaznavid infighting seems to have enabled the Tomara dynasty to recapture Sirsa, since coins of Tomara rulers both before and after 1037 have been found at Sirsa.[7]: 26–7 

The historian Hasan Nizami mentioned Sirsa (as Sarsuti) as the place where Prithviraj Chauhan was captured after the Second Battle of Tarain in 1192. From this point on, Sirsa came under Muslim control. It constituted an iqta, in this context meaning an administrative division, under the Delhi Sultanate. Ibn Battuta visited Sirsa in 1341, during the reign of the Delhi sultan Muhammad bin Tughlaq; he mentioned that it grew a lot of rice, some of which was exported to Delhi.[7]: 27–9  Also during the 1300s, the Iranian historian Wassaf mentioned Sirsa (as Sarsuti) as one of the major cities of northern India.[9]: 5 

Sirsa is listed in the Ain-i-Akbari as a pargana under the sarkar of Hisar, producing a revenue of 4,361,368 dams for the imperial treasury and supplying a force of 5000 infantry and 500 cavalry.[11][6]


Sirsa is located at 29°32′N 75°01′E / 29.53°N 75.02°E / 29.53; 75.02.[12] It has an average elevation of 205 metres (672 feet).


As of 2011 Indian Census, Sirsa had a total population of 200,034, of which 105,378 were males and 94,656 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 22,804. The total number of literates in Sirsa was 144,225, which constituted 72.1% of the population with male literacy of 76.0% and female literacy of 67.7%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Sirsa was 81.4%, of which male literacy rate was 86.2% and female literacy rate was 76.0%. The Scheduled Castes population was 42,967. Sirsa had 39,689 households in 2011.[1]



Religion in Sirsa City
Religion Population (1911)[13] Percentage (1911) Population (1941)[14]: 30  Percentage (1941)
Hinduism 9,323 63.73% 13,083 63.15%
Islam 4,614 31.54% 6,368 30.74%
Sikhism 392 2.68% 831 4.01%
Christianity 123 0.84% 72 0.35%
Others [a] 177 1.21% 364 1.76%
Total Population 14,629 100% 20,718 100%


Religion in Sirsa Tehsil (1941)
Religion Population (1941)[14]: 58  Percentage (1941)
Hinduism 98,161 45.78%
Islam 78,048 36.4%
Sikhism 36,657 17.1%
Christianity 420 0.2%
Others [b] 1,118 0.52%
Total Population 214,404 100%

Point of interest[edit]

Air Force station[edit]

Sirsa has an air base of Indian Air Force named Sirsa Air Force Station and this is one of the most important Air Force Station of India near Pakistan border.[citation needed]

Dera Sacha Sauda[edit]

The non-governmental organization Dera Sacha Sauda, established in 1948 by ascetic Mastana Balochistani, has its headquarters in Sirsa.[15][16]

Shri Tara Baba Kutiya (Tarakeswar Dham)[edit]

Shri Tara Baba Kutiya, also known as Tarakeswar Dham,[clarification needed] was constructed in the year 2003 with help from Sirsa MLA Gopal Goyal Kanda.[17] It is near Ramnagarian village on Haryana State Highway 23 (Sirsa-Ellenabad Road). It has a statue of Shiva and an idol of Nandi.[18]

Abubshaher: Abubshaher Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Sirsa district, which is the largest wildlife sanctuary of Haryana. Abubshaher Wildlife Sanctuary is also the birthplace of the black pheasant.


  1. ^ a b "Census of India: Sirsa". Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  2. ^ "Deputy Commissioner Sirsa". Retrieved 8 May 2022.
  3. ^ a b c "VILLAGE AND TOWN WISE PRIMARY CENSUS ABSTRACT (PCA) District- Sirsa, Haryana" (PDF). Retrieved 23 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. p. 24. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  5. ^ IANS (28 January 2010). "Haryana grants second language status to Punjabi". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  6. ^ a b "इतिहास | Sirsa | India".
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h Dheer, S. P., ed. (1988). Haryana District Gazetteers: Sirsa. Chandigarh: Haryana Gazetteer Organisation. Retrieved 19 February 2024.
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b c d Gupta, Jugal Kishore (1991). History of Sirsa Town. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. Retrieved 20 February 2024.
  10. ^ Sahni, Daya Ram (1932). "Six Inscriptions in the Lahore Museum". In Sastri, Hirananda; Dikshit, K. N.; Chakravarti, N. P. (eds.). Epigraphia Indica, Vol. XXI. Delhi. pp. 293–302. Retrieved 20 February 2024.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  11. ^ Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak; Jarrett, Henry Sullivan (translator) (1891). The Ain-i-Akbari. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. p. 294. Retrieved 21 January 2021. {{cite book}}: |first2= has generic name (help)
  12. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Sirsa, India". Retrieved 31 August 2017.
  13. ^ "Census of India 1911. Vol. 14, Punjab. Pt. 1, Report". Retrieved 21 July 2022.
  14. ^ a b "CENSUS OF INDIA, 1941 VOLUME VI PUNJAB PROVINCE". Retrieved 20 July 2022.
  15. ^ Rajalakshmi, T. K. (26 January 2013). "Godman under a cloud". Frontline. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  16. ^ "The Baba on song". The Indian Express. 1 July 2020. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  17. ^ "सिरसा की पहचान बन चुकी है श्री बाबा तारा जी की कुटिया, बड़ा रोचक है इसका इतिहास". Jagran. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  18. ^ "तारा बाबा कुटिया है आस्था का केंद्र, मीलों दूर से दिखती है भगवान शिव की प्रतिमा, रोचक है कहानी". Jagran. Jagran. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  1. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated
  2. ^ Including Jainism, Buddhism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Ad-Dharmis, or not stated

External links[edit]