Sison, Pangasinan

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Sison
Municipality of Sison
Sison Pangasinan.JPG
Official seal of Sison
Seal
Map of Pangasinan with Sison highlighted
Map of Pangasinan with Sison highlighted
Sison is located in Philippines
Sison
Sison
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°10′N 120°31′E / 16.17°N 120.52°E / 16.17; 120.52Coordinates: 16°10′N 120°31′E / 16.17°N 120.52°E / 16.17; 120.52
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
ProvincePangasinan
District5th district of Pangasinan
FoundedDecember 14, 1862
Barangays28 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorDanilo C. Uy
 • Vice MayorEric Biason
 • Electorate26,177 voters (2016)
Area
[2]
 • Total81.88 km2 (31.61 sq mi)
Population
(2015 census)[3]
 • Total47,518
 • Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2434
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)75
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class3rd municipal income class
Revenue (₱)117,777,872.28 (2016)[4]
Poverty incidence7.93 (2012)[5]
Native languagesPangasinan
Ilocano
Tagalog
Websitewww.sisonlgu.gov.ph

Sison, officially the Municipality of Sison, (Pangasinan: Baley na Sison; Ilokano: Ili ti Sison; Tagalog: Bayan ng Sison), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 47,518 people.[3]

Sison was once part of San Fabian until petitioners from Barrio Bolaoen signed a manifesto on June 30, 1858 expressing their intention of creating a separate pueblo.[6] It was filed to the Governadorcillo of San Fabian and was later endorsed to the Alcalde Mayor of Lingayen on August 8, 1858.[7] After the definition of the jurisdiction of the proposed new pueblo, the administrative proceedings began with the mayor of San Fabian himself, Don Enrique Casaoay, as among those who appeared in behalf of the petitioners. On December 15, 1862, a royal decree was finally issued declaring the creation of a pueblo independent of San Fabian’s civil jurisdiction. The pueblo was called Alava.[8] Don Faustino Baclit served as its ad interim head until the pueblo’s first elected president, Don Felix Genelazo, assumed his office on March 1, 1868.[9] Under the following American regime, a bill effecting the incorporation of Artacho to Alava was approved on March 25, 1918 through the sponsorship of Senator Pedro Ma. Sison.[10][11] Following this incorporation, Alava was renamed Sison in honor of Don Perfecto Sison, first provincial governor of Pangasinan.[12]

Geography[edit]

Sison is geographically located on the northern portion of Pangasinan, bordering the provincial boundaries of La Union and Benguet. It has a total land area of 81.88 square kilometers. It is bounded on the north by Rosario (La Union), Tuba (Benguet); on the south by Pozorrubio; on the southeast by San Manuel and Binalonan; on the west by San Fabian.

The municipality is 207 kilometres (129 mi) north of Manila, 62 kilometres (39 mi) south of San Fernando City, where the regional office of the national government agencies in Region I are located, 68 kilometres (42 mi) east of Lingayen, the provincial capital, and 43 kilometres (27 mi) south of Baguio City.

Barangays[edit]

The 28 barangays of the Municipality of Sison[13]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Paldit 3,630 16 Pindangan 1,416
2 Labayug 2,821 17 Alibeng 1,402
3 Asan Sur 2,678 18 Bantay Insik 1,345
4 Asan Norte 2,191 19 Agat 1,284
5 Poblacion Norte 1,987 20 Inmalog 1,244
6 Sagunto 1,916 21 Tara-tara 1,205
7 Esperanza 1,861 22 Poblacion Sur 1,118
8 Killo 1,618 23 Artacho 1,097
9 Pinmilapil 1,614 24 Camangaan 1,021
10 Binmeckeg 1,587 25 Bulaoen West 1,000
11 Cabaritan 1,547 26 Bulaoen East 902
12 Bila 1,524 27 Calunetan 824
13 Cauringan 1,509 28 Amagbagan 710
14 Poblacion Central 1,478 Sison Total 43,979
15 Dungon 1,450

History[edit]

Sison originated from San Fabian, that is, from Bulaoen, then into Alava in 1862 and finally to Poblacion, the present site. In 1907, Esperanza, north-east of Alava, was formed into Pinmilapil, Agat, Sagunto, Cauringan, Bila and Colisao (now in San Fabian). Labayug was formed also into Inmalog, Calunetan, San Andres, Alibeng, Bacayao and Killo.

Esperanza and Labayug were joined as Artacho, its Poblacion. The former town of Alava had been in a move to expand its jurisdiction. The township of Artacho had also a move to become a regular municipality. As a result of their efforts, they fused as one. Senator Pedro Ma. Sison sponsored the town's birth while Governor Wood decreed Sison, Pangasinan as a new town on May 11, 1918.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Population Census of Sison
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 2,902—    
1918 8,829+7.70%
1939 13,168+1.92%
1948 13,480+0.26%
1960 16,298+1.59%
1970 20,849+2.49%
1975 23,642+2.55%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 25,053+1.17%
1990 32,892+2.76%
1995 35,625+1.51%
2000 40,955+3.03%
2007 42,791+0.61%
2010 43,979+1.00%
2015 47,518+1.48%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][15][16][17]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sison, Pangasinan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
35
(95)
34
(93)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
32
(90)
31
(88)
32
(90)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
23
(74)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.6
(0.54)
10.4
(0.41)
18.2
(0.72)
15.7
(0.62)
178.4
(7.02)
227.9
(8.97)
368
(14.5)
306.6
(12.07)
310.6
(12.23)
215.7
(8.49)
70.3
(2.77)
31.1
(1.22)
1,766.5
(69.56)
Average rainy days 3 2 2 4 14 16 23 21 24 15 10 6 140
Source: World Weather Online[18]

Municipal government[edit]

Just as the national government, the municipal government of Sison is divided into three branches: executive, legislative and judiciary. The judicial branch is administered solely by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The LGUs have control of the executive and legislative branch.

The executive branch is composed of the mayor and the barangay captain for the barangays.[19] The legislative branch is composed of the Sangguniang Bayan (town assembly), and Sangguniang Barangay (barangay council).

The seat of Government is vested upon the Mayor and other elected officers who hold office at the Sison Town hall. The Sanguniang Bayan is the center of legislation, stationed in Sison Legislative Building or Town hall.

Specifically, Sison's mayor and Chief Executive is Danilo "Danny" C. Uy. The sangguniang bayan, the legislative body of the municipality is composed of the municipal vice mayor as the presiding officer, 8 Sanguniang Bayan Members, ABC President, and Indigenous People representative. (Section 440, Local Government Code of 1991)[20]

Tourism[edit]

Antong Falls, Sison, Pangasinan

Sison has the following landmark attractions and events:

  • Begnas: Sison celebrates the October Begnas festival at the New Public Market yearly with foreign residents participation (Sagada word, "thanksgiving"). National Cultural Minorities under the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples' October joined the yearly event with outsiders from Baguio City, Laoac, Pozorrubio, Bago, Kankanaeys, Ibalois and the Aplays.[21]
  • 34th Eastern Pangasinan BSP Mini Jamboree
  • Antong Falls
  • Bued Toll Bridge (Pangasinan-La Union boundary) Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (unveiled on June 21, 2010) the newly reconstructed three-span superstructure Bued Bridge marker in Sison, Pangasinan (destroyed by the October 2010 typhoon Pepeng) the restoration of the three-span superstructure started in January 2010(P120-million repair under the President’s Bridge Program).[22][23]

Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel[edit]

Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel

The Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Mount Carmel (Sison, 2434 Pangasinan) was canonically erected in 1896-1898. It is under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta (from the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan, Archdioecesis Lingayensis-Dagupanensis, created on May 19, 1928, elevated to Archdiocese on February 16, 1963, comprising the capital of the province, 2 cities and 15 municipalities in the central part of Pangasinan; Suffragans: Alaminos, Cabanatuan, San Fernando, La Union, San Jose, Nueva Ecija and Urdaneta; Titular: St. John the Apostle and Evangelist).[24][25][26][27]

The November 20, 1896 Spanish Royal Decree created Alava as a Parish of Diocese of Nueva Segovia. In 1918 the town was renamed to Sison honoring Senator Pedro Ma. Sison.

In 1928 the Parish Church was included into the Diocese of Lingayen-Pangasinan. In the 15th Centenary Anniversary of the Council of Ephesus, the Sison Parish was consecrated under “La Reina Del Monte Carmelo” (Our Lady of Mount Carmel), forming part of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta in 1985. But it was only on its Centennial founding on November 20, 1996 that the Parish Church became a Diocesan Shrine. Its feast day is every 16 July. The Parish Priest is Rev. Fr. Bernardo Villanueva.[28][29]

Image gallery[edit]

Panorama of the green fields

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Pangasinan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Pangasinan : Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index". Makati City, Philippines: National Competitiveness Council (Philippines). Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on 28 January 2017. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  6. ^ Lagmay, Dionisio (1999). History of Sison: Pueblo de Alava and the Men at the Helm. Agoo: Agoo Printing Press. p. 1.
  7. ^ Lagmay, Dionisio (1999). History of Sison: Pueblo de Alava and the Men at the Helm. Agoo: Agoo Printing Press. p. 6.
  8. ^ Lagmay, Dionisio (1999). History of Sison: Pueblo de Alava and the Men at the Helm. Agoo: Agoo Printing Press. p. 6.
  9. ^ Lagmay, Dionisio (1999). History of Sison: Pueblo de Alava and the Men at the Helm. Agoo: Agoo Printing Press. p. 17.
  10. ^ Cortes, Rosario (1990). Pangasinan: 1901-1986: A Political, Socioeconomic and Cultural History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers. p. 20.
  11. ^ Lagmay, Dioniso (1999). History of Sison: Pueblo de Alava and the Men at the Helm. Agoo: Agoo Printing Press. p. 38.
  12. ^ Lagmay, Dionisio (1999). History of Sison: Pueblo de Alava and the Men at the Helm. Agoo: Agoo Printing Press. p. 38.
  13. ^ "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority, April 4, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  14. ^ Official Website of Sison,Pangasinan
  15. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  16. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  17. ^ "Province of Pangasinan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  18. ^ "Sison, Pangasinan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  19. ^ Local Government Code of the Philippines, Book III Archived 2009-03-26 at the Wayback Machine., Department of Interior and Local Government official website.
  20. ^ Official Website of Sison,Pangasinan
  21. ^ Official Website of Sison,Pangasinan
  22. ^ "PGMA unveils the marker of the newly-reconstructed Bued Bridge in Sison, Pangasinan". Balita. 21 June 2010. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  23. ^ Morden, Johanna (21 June 2010). "Arroyo reopens major bridge in N. Luzon". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  24. ^ "Dioceses in the Philippines: Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan". Claretian Publications. Archived from the original on 2 February 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  25. ^ "Diocese of Urdaneta". Catholic Hierarchy. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  26. ^ "Diocese of Urdaneta". CBCP Media Office. Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  27. ^ "List of Parishes of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta". Philippine Churches. 26 June 2012. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  28. ^ "Shrine of Our Lady of Mt Carmel/ Our Lady of Mt Carmel Parish/ The Church of Sison (Sison, Pangasinan)". Pinoy Churches. 23 September 2012. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  29. ^ "Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Parish". Wikimapia. Retrieved 28 September 2014.

External links[edit]