Sisters of St Joseph of Nazareth
The Sisters of Saint Joseph of Nazareth, also called simply the Sisters of St Joseph or Josephites ("Black Josephites"), are a religious congregation who have their main centre in Whanganui, New Zealand. The congregation was a member of the Federation of the Sisters of St. Joseph which disbanded in 2013. The Sisters of St Joseph Whanganui received the Decree of Fusion with the Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart on 22 February 2013.
The Sisters arrived in Whanganui in 1880. They arrived as members of the order of Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart which had been founded in Penola, South Australia in 1866 by Mary MacKillop and Father Julian Tenison Woods. Early on in her project of founding these Australia-wide Josephite sisters, Mary MacKillop had met opposition from several bishops, who refused to allow them the freedom from direct diocesan control that the Catholic Church had recommended for the new institute. The problem dragged on until 1888 before their independence from diocesan control was firmly established. It was during this period of confusion that Josephites came to the Wellington Diocese (which at that time included Whanganui) through the intervention of an Irish Marist priest, Father Charles Kirk, who had ministered in Sydney and there learned of this home-grown congregation that was tackling the problem of the education of Catholic children, especially in outback Australia. Father Kirk had spent about three years as an assistant at St Patrick's Marist church in central Sydney before moving on to be appointed Rector at Whanganui in 1875. Aware of the high reputation of the Sisters of St Joseph in Australia, he set about getting them for his school. They came to him from the Bathurst Diocese where Bishop Matthew Quinn had formed the Josephite sisters there into a diocesan group under his direction, and it was as a diocesan group that they were welcomed in Whanganui on 25 April 1880. The Bishop of Wellington, Francis Redwood recognised them as a diocesan congregation for his diocese. To distinguish them from the Josephites who came directly from Mary MacKillop and who had since arrived elsewhere in the Diocese (at Temuka in the South Island), Bishop Redwood asked the Whanganui sisters to change their name to Sisters of St Joseph of Nazareth and that they wear a black veil instead of a brown one. In fact, they soon changed their whole habit from brown to black, and became popularly known as the Black Josephites.
Eventually a new convent and large secondary boarding and day school for girls was built on St John’s Hill, Wanganui. It carried on the name of the original school which had been built in the centre of Whanganui when the sisters arrived, Sacred Heart Convent. The Sisters opened seven schools between 1880 and 1900 and many more in the twentieth century from Taranaki to Hawke's Bay, and south to Otaki. In 1883 some of the Whanganui Sisters went to Hiruharama with Suzanne Aubert to help establish the Catholic mission there.
- Sisters of St Joseph of Nazareth 2015.
- "Federation", Sisters of St Joseph of Nazareth website (Retrieved 9 June 2016)
- O'Meeghan 2003, p. 124.
- Strevens 2001, p. 309-312.
- King 1997, p. 104-105.
- Sisters of St Joseph of Nazareth. "History of the Sisters". Sisters of St Joseph, Whanganui, website. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
- King, Michael (1997). God's Farthest Outpost: A History Of Catholics In New Zealand. Auckland: Penguin Books.
- O'Meeghan S.M., Michael (2003). Steadfast in hope: The Story of the Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington 1850-2000. Wellington: Catholic Archdiocese of Wellington.
- Strevens, Diane (2001). In Step with Time: A History of the Sisters of St Joseph of Nazareth, Wanganui, New Zealand. Auckland: David Ling.
- History of the Sisters, Sisters of St Joseph, Whanganui, website (Retrieved 6 February 2015)
- Biographies of all of the deceased Sisters, Sisters of St Joseph, Whanganui, website (Retrieved 6 February 2015)