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Sitamarhi is located in Bihar
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°36′N 85°29′E / 26.6°N 85.48°E / 26.6; 85.48Coordinates: 26°36′N 85°29′E / 26.6°N 85.48°E / 26.6; 85.48
Country  India
State Bihar
District Sitamarhi
 • Total 2,185.17 km2 (843.70 sq mi)
Elevation 56 m (184 ft)
Population (2001)[1]
 • Total 2,669,887
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Official Maithili, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 843302,843301
Vehicle registration BR-30 (Sitamarhi Urban)
Lok Sabha constituency Sitamarhi
Vidhan Sabha constituency Sitamarhi

Sitamarhi is a town and the district headquarters of Sitamarhi district, Bihar, India. It is a part of the Tirhut Division [2] (Tirhut).


Sitamarhi is considered to be the birthplace of Sita, the wife of the god Ram. A temple dedicated to her, called the Janki Mandir, exists in the city.[3] A rock-cut sanctuary of the Mauryan period also exists.[4]

Sitamarhi has suffered natural disasters, including excess flooding.[5][6][7] The town was almost completely destroyed by the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake.[8]


Sitamarhi is located at 26°36′N 85°29′E / 26.6°N 85.48°E / 26.6; 85.48.[9] It has an average elevation of 56 metres (184 ft).

It is where the Mithila, Vajji (Licchvians) and Bhojpur regions of Bihar meet. Most of the people are either Maithils or Vajji but their culture is deeply affected by Bhojpur. Languages spoken are Hindi, English, Bajjika (Vajjika), Bhojpuri and Maithili. The local people used to speak Bajjika which resembles Maithili, Bhojpuri and Hindi—a consequence of its being surrounded by these languages.[citation needed]

Sama is a famous winter festival conducted by girls for the pleasure of their brothers. A major cultural event is the marriage ceremonies which take much preparation and many cultural rituals.[10]


National Highway 77 connects the area to the Muzaffarpur district and Patna to the south. Sitamarhi has road connections to adjoining districts, of which the major examples are National Highway 77 and National Highway 104. State highways link it to Madhubani district in the east and Sheohar in the west.

The town is on the Darbhanga-Raxaul-Narkatiaganj railway line and has the largest railway station of district.[citation needed] The Darbhanga-Sitamarhi-Raxaul track was converted to broad gauge in February 2014. Another broad gauge track connects Sitamarhi to Muzaffarpur. Direct train services are available from Sitamarhi railway junction to places such as New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Lucknow, Hyderabad and Kanpur.

The nearest airport to Sitamarhi is the Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport which is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) distant.

Sitamarhi is connected to cities in and around Bihar by state-owned transport services. Some private buses operate between Patna and Sitamarhi.[11]


Sitamarhi has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Sitamarhi. It broadcasts on FM frequencies.

Sitamarhi Temple[edit]


  1. ^ Census of SITAMARHI
  2. ^
  3. ^ Chakrabarti, Dilip K (2001). Archaeological Geography of the Ganga Plain: The Lower and the Middle Ganga. New Delhi: Orient Blacksawn. p. 207. ISBN 9788178240169. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Sen, S. N. (1999). Ancient Indian History And Civilization. New Age International. p. 166. ISBN 9788122411980. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "50,000 hit in flash floods in Sitamarhi". The Hindu. 17 June 2007. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  6. ^ "Epidemic breaks out in Sitamarhi". The Times of India. 11 October 2003. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  7. ^ "Floods affect one lakh people in Bihar, help rushed". The Economic Times. PTI. 1 August 2009. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  8. ^ "Living under constant threat of eviction". India Together. 16 March 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2010. 
  9. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sitamarhi
  10. ^ [Mithila kaa Itihas (Hindi Book), Author: Dr. Ram Prakash Sharma, Publisher: Kameshwer Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga, Page No.: 460]
  11. ^ "E Gauravshali Ateet". Rashtriy Sahara Hindi Daily (New Delhi). 26 September 1994. p. 1. 

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