Sitamarhi

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Sitamarhi
City
Sitamarhi is located in Bihar
Sitamarhi
Sitamarhi
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°36′N 85°29′E / 26.6°N 85.48°E / 26.6; 85.48Coordinates: 26°36′N 85°29′E / 26.6°N 85.48°E / 26.6; 85.48
CountryIndia
StateBihar
RegionMithila
DistrictSitamarhi
Elevation
56 m (184 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total106,093
Languages
 • OfficialMaithili, Hindi, Bajjika
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
843302, 843301, 843331,843323
ISO 3166 codeIN-BR
Vehicle registrationBR-30
Lok Sabha constituencySitamarhi
Vidhan Sabha constituencySitamarhi
Websitesitamarhi.org

Sitamarhi is a city and the district headquarters of the Sitamarhi district in the Mithila region of Bihar, India and is a part of the Tirhut Division.[2]


Sitamarhi is a birthplace of Sita, the main character of the epic Ramayana; a temple dedicated to Sita is located at punaura dham Sitamarhi.[3] A rock-cut sanctuary from the great Mauryan period is found near Sitamarhi.[4]

In 1875, the Sitamarhi sub-district was created within the Muzaffarpur district.[5] Sitamarhi was detached from the Muzaffarpur district and became a separate district on 11 December 1972.[6] It is situated in the northern part of Bihar. The district headquarters is located in Dumra, five kilometres (3 mi) south of Sita temple.[clarification needed]

Rama Navami is a spring festival in Dumra, widely celebrated with a large fair held to mark the occasion.[7] Sama Chakeva is a prominent winter festival dedicated to celebrate brother-sister relationships.[8] This is a major cultural event with marriage ceremonies and many cultural rituals that take much preparation.[9]

Geography[edit]

Sitamarhi, located at 26°36′N 85°29′E / 26.6°N 85.48°E / 26.6; 85.48,[10] has an average elevation of 56 metres (184 ft).

There are multiple small towns that are famous in Sitamarhi, like Bairgania and Sursand which is located at Indo-Nepal border and is very famous.Few other famous places in Sitamarhi region are Sonbarsa,Sheohar,Bajpatti,Pupri and Parihar are very good town. Dumra is near Sitamarhi which is known for all the government offices.

Riga village is close to this town and is known for suger mills.

Demographics[edit]

Sitamarhi city has a total population of around 106,093. There are around 56,693 males, and 49,400 females. The amount of literate males are 39,537, and the amount of literate females are 29,970. In total 69,507 people are literate. The average literacy rate is 77.03 % in total, 81.98 % for males, and 71.33 % for females. The sexratio is 871. The child sexratio is 872.[11]

Transportation[edit]

National Highway 77 connects the area to the Muzaffarpur district and Patna. National Highways 77, 104, and other roads connect to the adjoining districts. State highways link it to Madhubani district in the east and Sheohar in the west.

Sitamarhi Junction railway station is a five-platform station on the DarbhangaRaxaulNarkatiaganj line, which was converted to broad gauge in February 2014. Another broad-gauge track connects Sitamarhi to Muzaffarpur. Direct train services are available from Sitamarhi railway junction to places such as New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Lucknow, Guwahati (Kamakhya), Hyderabad, Kanpur and Mumbai.

The nearest airport to Sitamarhi is the Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport which is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) away.

Sitamarhi is connected to cities in and around Bihar by state-owned transport services. Many private buses (both AC and non-AC) operate between Sitamarhi and Patna.

Media[edit]

Sitamarhi has an All India Radio (AIR) relay station known as Akashvani Sitamarhi, broadcasting on FM frequencies.

Education[edit]

The following is a partial list of schools in Sitamarhi

  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Jawahar Nagar, Sutihara
  • Sacred Heart School, Anand Nagar, Talkhapur, Dumra
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Ring bandh
  • N.S.D.A.V. Public School
  • Hellen's School Sitamarhi
  • Delhi Public School, Lagma
  • Brilliant Public School, Sitamarhi
  • R.O.S. Public School, Khairwa, Riga Road, Sitamarhi
  • Sacred Heart School
  • MP High School (Sitamarhi High School, Dumra)
  • Mathura High School
  • Sri Gandhi High School, Parihar
  • Lakshmi High School
  • Kamala Girls High School
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Sitamarhi (JNV Sitmarhi)
  • Sun Shine Public School- Shantinagar
  • State middle school-sundargama
  • Vidyamandir Classes in Sitamarhi
  • Sushila singha pmky coching center in Virta Tola Punaura
  • Nikhil Shyama DAV Public School Balua Dumara Sitamarhi

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of SITAMARHI". Biharonline.gov.in. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Tirhut Division". Tirhut-muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  3. ^ Chakrabarti, Dilip K (2001). Archaeological Geography of the Ganga Plain: The Lower and the Middle Ganga. New Delhi: Orient Blacksawn. p. 207. ISBN 9788178240169. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  4. ^ Sen, S N (1999). Ancient Indian History And Civilization. New Age International. p. 166. ISBN 9788122411980. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  5. ^ Official Website of the District and Civil Court of Sitmahri Archived 25 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved May 26, 2010
  6. ^ District Health Action Plan, National Rural Health Mission, Government of Bihar, Retrieved May 25, 2010
  7. ^ Sitamarhi, Encyclopedia Britannica (2014), Quote: "A large Ramanavami fair, celebrating the birth of Lord Rama, is held in spring with considerable trade in pottery, spices, brass ware, and cotton cloth. A cattle fair held in Sitamarhi is the largest in Bihar state. The town is sacred as the birthplace of the goddess Sita (also called Janaki), the wife of Rama."
  8. ^ "Festivals of Bihar". Government of Bihar. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  9. ^ [Mithila kaa Itihas (Hindi Book), Author: Dr. Ram Prakash Sharma, Publisher: Kameshwer Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga, Page No.: 460]
  10. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Sitamarhi, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Sitamarhi District Population Data - Census 2011". www.census2011.co.in.

External links[edit]