|• Total||2,185.17 km2 (843.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||56 m (184 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)|
|• Official||Maithili, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||BR-30 (Sitamarhi Urban)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Sitamarhi|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Sitamarhi|
Sitamarhi is considered to be the birthplace of Sita, the wife of the god Ram. A temple dedicated to her, called the Janki Mandir, exists in the city. A rock-cut sanctuary of the Mauryan period also exists.
Sitamarhi is located at  It has an average elevation of 56 metres (184 ft)..
It is where the Mithila, Vajji (Licchvians) and Bhojpur regions of Bihar meet. Most of the people are either Maithils or Vajji but their culture is deeply affected by Bhojpur. Languages spoken are Hindi, English, Bajjika (Vajjika), Bhojpuri and Maithili. The local people used to speak Bajjika which resembles Maithili, Bhojpuri and Hindi—a consequence of its being surrounded by these languages.
Sama is a famous winter festival conducted by girls for the pleasure of their brothers. A major cultural event is the marriage ceremonies which take much preparation and many cultural rituals.
National Highway 77 connects the area to the Muzaffarpur district and Patna to the south. Sitamarhi has road connections to adjoining districts, of which the major examples are National Highway 77 and National Highway 104. State highways link it to Madhubani district in the east and Sheohar in the west.
The town is on the Darbhanga-Raxaul-Narkatiaganj railway line and has the largest railway station of district. The Darbhanga-Sitamarhi-Raxaul track was converted to broad gauge in February 2014. Another broad gauge track connects Sitamarhi to Muzaffarpur. Direct train services are available from Sitamarhi railway junction to places such as New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Lucknow, Hyderabad and Kanpur.
The nearest airport to Sitamarhi is the Jaiprakash Narayan International Airport which is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) distant.
Sitamarhi has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Sitamarhi. It broadcasts on FM frequencies.
- Census of SITAMARHI
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- "Living under constant threat of eviction". India Together. 16 March 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2010.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Sitamarhi
- [Mithila kaa Itihas (Hindi Book), Author: Dr. Ram Prakash Sharma, Publisher: Kameshwer Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga, Page No.: 460]
- "E Gauravshali Ateet". Rashtriy Sahara Hindi Daily (New Delhi). 26 September 1994. p. 1.