|Elevation||56 m (184 ft)|
|• Official||Maithili, Hindi, Bajjika|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
843302, 843301, 843331,843323
|ISO 3166 code||IN-BR|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Sitamarhi|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Sitamarhi|
Sitamarhi is a city and the district headquarters of the Sitamarhi district in the Mithila region of Bihar, India and is a part of the Tirhut Division. The Bihar government declared Sitamarhi a municipal corporation on 8 April 2020.
Sitamarhi is considered by many to be the birthplace of Sita, the main character of the epic Ramayana; a temple dedicated to Sita is located at Punaura Dham Sitamarhi. A rock-cut sanctuary from the great Mauryan period is found near Sitamarhi.
In 1875, the Sitamarhi sub-district was created within the Muzaffarpur district. Sitamarhi was detached from the Muzaffarpur district and became a separate district on 11 December 1972. It is situated in the northern part of Bihar. The district headquarters is located in Dumra, five kilometres (3 mi) south of Sita temple.[clarification needed]
Sitamarhi, located at  has an average elevation of 56 metres (184 ft).,
There are multiple small towns that are famous in Sitamarhi, like Bairgania, Sursand and Bhitthamore which are located at Indo-Nepal border. Other places in Sitamarhi region are Bathnaha, Sonbarsa, Bajpatti, Pupri, Parihar and Runisaidpur. Dumra is near Sitamarhi which is known for all the government offices.
Riga village is close to this town and is known for sugar mills.
Sitamarhi city has a total population of around 106,093. There are around 56,693 males and 49,400 females. The amount of literate males are 39,537, and the amount of literate females are 29,970. In total 69,507 people are literate. The average literacy rate is 77.03% in total, 81.98% for males, and 71.33% for females. The sex ratio is 871. The child sex ratio is 872.
National Highway 77 connects the area to the Muzaffarpur district and Patna. National Highways 77, 104, and other roads connect to the adjoining districts. State highways link it to Madhubani district in the east and Sheohar in the west.
Sitamarhi Junction railway station is a five-platform station on the Darbhanga–Raxaul–Narkatiaganj line, which was converted to broad gauge in February 2014. Another broad-gauge track connects Sitamarhi to Muzaffarpur. Direct train services are available from Sitamarhi railway junction to places such as New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Lucknow, Guwahati (Kamakhya), Hyderabad, Kanpur and Mumbai.
The nearest international airport to Sitamarhi is the Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport which is about 120 kilometres (75 mi) away.
Sitamarhi is connected to cities in and around Bihar by state-owned transport services. Many private buses (both AC and non-AC) operate between Sitamarhi and Patna.
Rama Navami is a spring festival in Dumra, widely celebrated with a large fair held to mark the occasion. Also in Janki Mandir a marriage ceremony of Lord Ram and Sita Mata happens every year. Sama Chakeva is a prominent winter festival dedicated to celebrate brother-sister relationships. This is a major cultural event with marriage ceremonies and many cultural rituals that take much preparation.
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The following is a partial list of schools in Sitamarhi:
- Front Age, Kiran Chowk
- Bharati uchchangle Vidhayalaya Dumra in front of Hawaii field
- Gyan Bharati Prepatory School, Purandaha Rajawara, Sonbarsa Sitamarhi
- N.S.D.A.V. Public school
- S.R.D.A.V. Public School, Pupri
- Janki Vidya Niketan
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Jawahar Nagar, Sutihara
- Saraswati Vidya Mandir, Ring bandh
- S.V. Rising Point school, Old Exchange Road, Mirchaipatti Sitamarhi
- Vidya Bharati school, Shantinagar, Sitamarhi
- Hellen's School Sitamarhi
- Delhi Public School, Lagma
- Brilliant Public School, Sitamarhi
- R.O.S. Public School, Khairwa, Riga Road, Sitamarhi
- Sacred Heart School
- MP High School (Sitamarhi High School, Dumra) Anand Nagar, Talkhapur, Dumra
- Mathura High School
- Sri Gandhi High School, Parihar
- Lakshmi High School
- Kamala Girls High School
- Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya Sitamarhi (JNV Sitmarhi)
- Sun Shine Public School, Shantinagar
- State Middle School, Sundargama
- Vidyamandir Classes in Sitamarhi
- Sushila singha pmky coching center in Virta Tola Punaura
- Holy Faith Public High School, Old Exchange Road
- Genius Global Academy (Baath Asli)
- "Census of SITAMARHI". Biharonline.gov.in. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- "Tirhut Division". Tirhut-muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- Chakrabarti, Dilip K (2001). Archaeological Geography of the Ganga Plain: The Lower and the Middle Ganga. New Delhi: Orient Blacksawn. p. 207. ISBN 9788178240169. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- Sen, S N (1999). Ancient Indian History And Civilization. New Age International. p. 166. ISBN 9788122411980. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- Official Website of the District and Civil Court of Sitmahri Archived 25 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved May 26, 2010
- District Health Action Plan, National Rural Health Mission, Government of Bihar, Retrieved May 25, 2010
- "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Sitamarhi, India". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 21 September 2018.
- "Sitamarhi District Population Data - Census 2011". www.census2011.co.in.
- Sitamarhi, Encyclopedia Britannica (2014), Quote: "A large Ramanavami fair, celebrating the birth of Lord Rama, is held in spring with considerable trade in pottery, spices, brass ware, and cotton cloth. A cattle fair held in Sitamarhi is the largest in Bihar state. The town is sacred as the birthplace of the goddess Sita (also called Janaki), the wife of Lord Ram."
- "Festivals of Bihar". Government of Bihar. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- [Mithila kaa Itihas (Hindi Book), Author: Dr. Ram Prakash Sharma, Publisher: Kameshwer Singh Darbhanga Sanskrit University, Darbhanga, Page No.: 460]