Sitamarhi district

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Sitamarhi district
Janaki Kund, Sitamarhi
Janaki Kund, Sitamarhi
Location of Sitamarhi district in Bihar
Location of Sitamarhi district in Bihar
Country India
StateBihar
DivisionTirhut
HeadquartersDumra, Sitamarhi
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSitamarhi
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesRiga, Bathnaha, Parihar, Sursand, Bajpatti, Sitamarhi, Runnisaidpur, Belsand
Area
 • Total2,294 km2 (886 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,423,574
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Urban
5.71 per cent
Demographics
 • Literacy53.53 per cent
 • Sex ratio899 females \ 1000 males
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 104
Average annual precipitation1200 mm
Websitehttps://sitamarhi.nic.in/

Sitamarhi is one of the districts of the state of Bihar, India. Dumra is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district is a part of the Tirhut Division and is located along the border of Nepal.

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901782,557—    
1911807,936+0.32%
1921782,221−0.32%
1931835,055+0.66%
1941921,265+0.99%
1951999,655+0.82%
19611,158,546+1.49%
19711,323,793+1.34%
19811,627,716+2.09%
19912,013,796+2.15%
20012,682,720+2.91%
20113,423,574+2.47%
source:[1]

This place is considered as birthplace of Sita, the main character of the epic Ramayana and a temple dedicated to Sita lies near Sitamarhi town.[2] A Rock cut sanctuary of Mauryan period is found near Sitamarhi.[3]

In 1875, a Sitamarhi subdistrict was created within the Muzaffarpur district.[4] Sitmarhi was detached from Muzaffarpur and became a separate district as of 11 December 1972.[5] It is situated in the northern part of Bihar. The district headquarters is located in Dumra, five kilometers south of Sitamarhi.[clarification needed]

Sitamarhi district became a full-pledged district when it was split from Muzaffarpur district in 1972.[6] 1994 saw the split of Sheohar district from Sitamarhi.[6]

The district is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[7] There is a village in Sitamarhi District named Harpurwa. There is the tomb of Daataa Shah in Harpurwa which is famous in Sitamarhi district.

Today's Sitamarhi is a pilgrim centre catering to presentation of tradition and mythology. Its legendary association with the classic story of Ramayana gives it a place in the itinerary of a pious Hindu. Though the district of Sitamarhi is known as a religious destination, along with its shrines and temples, it also holds other attractions, such as the Kanti thermal power station, and the city of Sitamarhi offers natural vistas and fashionable buildings.

Colleges and Universities: S.R.K.G. College, Raghunath Jha College

Geography[edit]

Sitamarhi district occupies an area of 2,294 square kilometres (886 sq mi),[8] comparatively equivalent to Australia's Groote Eylandt.[9]

It is situated in flood plain area. As in August 2019, Sitamarhi district was flooded heavily.

Sub-divisions[edit]

Sitamarhi district comprises 3 Sub-divisions:

  • Sitamarhi Sadar,
  • Belsand,
  • Pupri

Block[edit]

1. Dumra, Sitamarhi
2. Runni Saidpur
3. Parihar
4. Bathnaha
5. Sonbarsa
6. Bajpatti
7. Sursand
8. Riga
9. Nanpur
10. Pupri
11. Bairgania
12. Bokhara
13. Suppi
14. Belsand
15. Majorganj
16. Parsauni sitamarhi
17. Charaut

Economy[edit]

It is one of the 38 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[10]

Education[edit]

The following is a list of Schools in Sitamarhi, Bihar, India

Tourism[edit]

Transport[edit]

National Highway 77 connects the area to the Muzaffarpur district and Patna to the South. Sitamarhi has road connections to adjoining districts, of which the major examples are National Highway 77 and National Highway 104. It is situated on the Darbhanga Narkatiaganj railway line and has the largest railway station of the district. Another broad gauge track, running between Muzaffarpur and Sitamarhi. Direct train services are available to places such as New Delhi, Kolkata, Varanasi, Hyderabad and Kanpur. State highways link it to the Madhubani (to the east) and Sheohar (to the west) districts. Railway lines connect Sitamarhi to Darbhanga in east, and to Muzaffarpur in south and to Raxaul in west. Sitamarhi has a railway junction. Sitamarhi railway station is on Raxaul-Darbhanga rail route.

The nearest airport to Sitamarhi is the Jay Prakash Narayan Airport which is about 120 km from Sitamarhi.

The Sitamarhi-Bhitthamore Road is important for religious reasons as it connects Janakpur, which houses a 200-year-old Janki Temple with Sitamarhi—considered to be the birth place of Goddess Sita.[11][12]

National Highway 227 passes through Bhitthamore. Thus it is a gateway to Janakpur, Nepal and other parts of Sitamarhi & madhubani.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Sitamarhi District
Religion Percent
Hindus
78.06%
Muslims
21.62%
Not Stated
0.22%
Christian
0.08%
Sikh
0.01%
Buddhist
0.01%
Jain
0.01%

According to the 2011 census Sitamarhi district has a population of 3,423,574,[14] roughly equal to the nation of Panama[15] or the US state of Connecticut.[16] This gives it a ranking of 96th in India (out of a total of 640).[14] The district has a population density of 1,491 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,860/sq mi).[14] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.47%.[14] Sitamarhi has a sex ratio of 899 females for every 1000 males,[14] and a literacy rate of 53.53%.[14]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 82.73% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 13.96% Urdu and 3.25% Maithili as their first language.[17]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ Chakrabarti, Dilip K (2001). Archaeological Geography of the Ganga Plain: The Lower and the Middle Ganga. New Delhi: Orient Blacksawn. p. 207. ISBN 9788178240169. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  3. ^ Sen, S N (1999). Ancient Indian History And Civilization. New Age International. p. 166. ISBN 9788122411980. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  4. ^ Official Website of the District and Civil Court of Sitmahri Archived 2010-05-25 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 26 May 2010
  5. ^ District Health Action Plan Archived 2011-11-25 at the Wayback Machine, National Rural Health Mission, Government of Bihar, Retrieved 25 May 2010
  6. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Archived from the original on 17 October 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  7. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 11 December 2009. Archived from the original on 27 October 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  8. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  9. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Archived from the original on 1 December 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Groote Eylandt 2,285km2
  10. ^ Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  11. ^ Ltd, rome2rio Pty. "Patna to Janakpur - 3 ways to travel via train, and car". Rome2rio. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Distance between Sitamarhi and Janakpur is 45 KM / 28.4 miles". distancebetween2.com. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  13. ^ Ltd, rome2rio Pty. "Patna to Janakpur - 3 ways to travel via train, and car". Rome2rio. Retrieved 7 January 2021.
  14. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  15. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Panama 3,460,462 July 2011 est.
  16. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Connecticut 3,574,097
  17. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°36′00″N 85°29′00″E / 26.60000°N 85.48333°E / 26.60000; 85.48333