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Coordinates: 40°06′00″N 23°52′30″E / 40.10000°N 23.87500°E / 40.10000; 23.87500
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Klimataria beach
Klimataria beach
Sithonia is located in Greece
Location within the region
Coordinates: 40°06′00″N 23°52′30″E / 40.10000°N 23.87500°E / 40.10000; 23.87500
Administrative regionCentral Macedonia
Regional unitChalkidiki
 • MayorIoannis Mallinis[1] (since 2023)
 • Municipality516.8 km2 (199.5 sq mi)
 • Municipal unit322.9 km2 (124.7 sq mi)
 • Municipality12,080
 • Density23/km2 (61/sq mi)
 • Municipal unit
 • Municipal unit density27/km2 (70/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Vehicle registrationΧΚ

Sithonia (Greek: Σιθωνία), also known as Longos, is a peninsula and part of the larger peninsula of Chalkidiki in Greece. The Kassandra Peninsula lies to the west of Sithonia and the Mount Athos peninsula to the east. Sithonia is also the name of a municipality, covering the Sithonia Peninsula. The seat of the municipality is the town Nikiti.[3]


Sithonia, beach of Kalamitsi
Panorama of Nikiti
Elia Beach
Ormos Panagias
Sunrise in Vourvourou

Gulfs that surround the peninsula are the Singitic Gulf to the east and the Toronean Gulf to the west. The peaks of Itamos and Dragoudelis are in the center of the peninsula. The landscape is covered with vineyards, forests, grasslands, shrubland and mountains. Amongst the many historic places in Sithonia is the ancient city, the castle and the church of Agios Athanasios in Toroni, the windmills in Sykia and the 16th century church in Nikiti.

In the northern part of the peninsula are the popular beaches of Ai Giannis, Kalogria, Elia and Lagomandra on the west coast and Livrochios, Karidi, Kavourotripes and Platanitsi on the east coast. The beaches in the southern part include Azapiko, Tristinika, Kalamitsi and Kriaritsi.

Porto Koufo, is the largest natural harbor in Greece, which is mentioned by Thucydides as "hollow harbor"; it appears to be the fishing spot in the area. South, from the harbour's exit there is Kartalia, the most southern part of Sithonia, a very impressive area which puts its visitors under a spell with its rocky secluded beaches.

The main villages in the peninsula are Nikiti, Neos Marmaras, Parthenonas, Sarti, Sykia, Vourvourou and Agios Nikolaos.

In the middle of Sithonia peninsula, near the village of Neos Marmaras, is the holiday resort of Porto Carras; the place of the 2003 European Union leaders Summit. In summer the waterfront areas of Neos Maramaras, Nikiti and Sarti are especially busy.

Mount Itamos rising to 817 m (2,680 ft) in the centre of the peninsula, is the highest peak.


The municipality Sithonia was formed at the 2011 local government reform by the merger of the following 2 former municipalities, that became municipal units:[3]

The municipality has an area of 516.848 km2, the municipal unit 322.875 km2.[4] The municipal unit Sithonia consists of the communities Agios Nikolaos, Metagkitsi, Neos Marmaras and Nikiti.[3]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Municipality of Sithonia, Municipal elections – October 2023, Ministry of Interior
  2. ^ "Αποτελέσματα Απογραφής Πληθυσμού - Κατοικιών 2021, Μόνιμος Πληθυσμός κατά οικισμό" [Results of the 2021 Population - Housing Census, Permanent population by settlement] (in Greek). Hellenic Statistical Authority. 29 March 2024.
  3. ^ a b c "ΦΕΚ A 87/2010, Kallikratis reform law text" (in Greek). Government Gazette.
  4. ^ "Population & housing census 2001 (incl. area and average elevation)" (PDF) (in Greek). National Statistical Service of Greece.
  5. ^ "Armenistis camping-Home page". Archived from the original on 2000-10-17.

External links[edit]