Sithu Kyawhtin of Toungoo

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Sithu Kyawhtin of Toungoo
တောင်ငူ စည်သူကျော်ထင်
Viceroy of Toungoo
Reign 1470–1481
Predecessor Letya Zala Thingyan
Successor Min Sithu
Born c. early 1410s (Sunday born)
Died 1481
843 ME
near Yamethin
Spouse Min Hla Htut of Pyakaung[1]
Princess of Pakhan
Issue Min Sithu[2] (son)
Min Hla Nyet (daughter)
Min Htwe (daughter)
Father Sithu of Paukmyaing
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Sithu Kyawhtin of Toungoo (Burmese: တောင်ငူ စည်သူကျော်ထင်, pronounced [sìθù tɕɔ̀tʰɪ̀ɴ]; died 1481) was a general of Ava Kingdom, and Viceroy of Toungoo from 1470 to 1481. He was the maternal grandfather of Mingyi Nyo, the founder of Toungoo Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). He was a son-in-law of Crown Prince Minye Kyawswa of the Forty Years' War fame.[1]

In 1470, King Thihathura of Ava assigned Gen. Sithu Kyawhtin to put down a rebellion by Toungoo, which had also called in help from Hanthawaddy Pegu. Sithu Kyawhtin led the army and was accompanied by two of the king's sons. The Ava army defeated Toungoo. The princes carried the rebellious governor of Toungoo off to Ava, and left Sithu Kyawhtin as the head of the troublesome province.[3] Sithu Kyawhtin soon acted like a sovereign king of this remote region. In 1476, Sithu Kyawhtin enlarged the city of Toungoo, raising suspicions of some ministers at Ava. When news of this reached the king's ear, Sithu Kyawhtin was brought to Ava forcibly by pulling on his hair in a humiliating manner to demonstrate his obedience and loyalty to the king.[4]

In 1480, Thihathura died, and the Ava throne was succeeded by his elder son Minkhaung II. The new king was promptly greeted by rebellions by his two brothers. Minkhaung II ordered Sithu Kyawhtin to attack Yamethin, one of the rebellious towns. Sithu Kyawhtin marched straight to Yamethin and without waiting for the reinforcements from Ava engaged the Yamethin troops in a pitched battle. He overcame the first wave of troops sent out of the town walls to meet them but his troops were defeated by the second wave and died in battle.[5]


  1. ^ a b Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 171
  2. ^ Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 173
  3. ^ Phayre 1967: 92
  4. ^ Harvey 1925: 100–101
  5. ^ Hmannan Vol. 2 2003: 171–172


Sithu Kyawhtin of Toungoo
Born: 1410s Died: 1481
Royal titles
Preceded by
Letya Zala Thingyan
Viceroy of Toungoo
Succeeded by
Min Sithu