|Native name: سترة|
|Adjacent bodies of water||Persian Gulf|
|Area||22.45 km2 (8.67 sq mi)|
|Length||8.3 km (5.16 mi)|
|Width||5 km (3.1 mi)|
|Coastline||36 km (22.4 mi)|
|Highest elevation||6 m (20 ft)|
|Governorate||split between Capital Governorate and Southern Governorate|
|Pop. density||3,600 /km2 (9,300 /sq mi)|
|Ethnic groups||Bahraini, non-Bahraini|
|ISO Code = BH-14|
Sitra (Arabic: سترة or سِتْرَة, As-Sitra), also known as Sitrah (Arabic: Jazīrat Sitrah) or Sitra Island (Arabic: Jazīrat as-Sitra), is an island in Bahrain. It has a distance of 5 km (3.1 mi) south of the capital, Manama, on Bahrain Island.
- Conflict with Al Khalifa in 1782
- Modern History
Sitra Island had mixed Shia and Sunni Arab population. The Sunni inhabitants (including the Al Buainain tribe which inhabited the now deserted village of Salba, west of Sitra) eradicated during the early 1920s when most of them died as a result of smallpox or migrated back to their homelands. Masjid al-Mughira ibn Shu'ba, the island's last remaining Sunni mosque, shut down in 2011 amid reports of vandalism of the mosque by Shia protesters.
The Island is located just east of Bahrain Island in Persian Gulf. It lies south of Manama and Nabih Saleh. The island's western coast forms the boundary of Tubli Bay. The island used to be covered in date palm groves and farms, watered by several freshwater springs. Mangroves used to line the western coast, however they have almost disappeared due to development.
Most of the inhabitants of the island live in nine historic villages:
- Al Kharijiya
- Al Garrya
- Abul Aish
- Halat Um al-Baidh (the location of the yacht club and Al Bandar resort)
- Al Hamriya
The island's economy used to be based on agriculture and fishing. The northern section of the island has been turned into an industrial area. Bapco oil storage reservoirs are located in the south. Sitra is also the terminus of the 42-km Dhahran-Sitra natural gas pipeline, which connects it to Dahran in Saudi Arabia.
Several car and furniture showrooms also make up the new development on the island. The Sitra Club is a cultural and sports club for the island.
The Sitra Causeway connects the north of the island to Nabih Saleh and to Umm al Hussam (Manama) on Bahrain Island. Two small bridges on the south west of Sitra also joins Bahrain Island, near the villages of Ma'ameer and Eker.
The southern part of the island belongs to Southern Governorate and the northern part to Capital Governorate. Between 1990 and 2013 it was part of Central Governorate of Bahrain, but that is now dissolved. Between 1920 and 1990 it was part of Sitra Municipality.
This was a municipality in Bahrain before they were re-organized as Governorates. The Sitra Municipality consisted of the island of Sitra and three villages close to it on the main island of Bahrain: Ma'ameer, Eker and Nuwaidrat.
- "Bahrein Islands", Encyclopædia Britannica, 11th ed., Vol. III, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1911, p. 212.
- "سِتْرَة: Bahrain, name, administrative division, geographic coordinates and map". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- "As Sitra: Bahrain, name, administrative division, geographic coordinates and map". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- EB (1911).
- "Jazīrat Sitrah: Bahrain, name, administrative division, geographic coordinates and map". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- "Jazīrat as Sitra: Bahrain, name, administrative division, geographic coordinates and map". Geographical Names. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- (Arabic) "Summary of Baharain and Baharna's history", Al Jareesh, Retrieved 4 April 2012
- ويثيقة جذور العائلة الستري العتبي للشيخ عذبي بن جلوي الستري
- East Sitra Official site
- "Middle East Pipelines map - Crude Oil (petroleum) pipelines - Natural Gas pipelines - Products pipelines". Theodora.com/pipelines. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- "Sitrah". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
- "Directory of Cities and Towns in Sitrah, Bahrain". Falling Rain. Archived from the original on 2007-05-26. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
Media related to Sitra at Wikimedia Commons