Sittwe Port

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sittwe Port
Location
Country Myanmar
Location Sittwe, Rakhine State
Details
Opened est. 2013 (2013)
Owned by Government of Myanmar

Sittwe Port is a deepwater port constructed by India in 2016 at Sittwe, the capital of Rakhine State in Myanmar, on the Bay of Bengal.[1] Situated at the mouth of the Kaladan River, the USD 120 Million port is being financed by India as a part of the Kaladan Multi-modal Transit Transport Project, a collaboration between India and Myanmar. The project is aimed at developing transport infrastructure in southwestern Myanmar and northeastern India.[2]

History[edit]

The proposal for the Kaladan Multi-modal Transit Transport Project was conceived by India, primarily to provide an alternative route to India's landlocked northeastern states. The only access to these seven states is through the Siliguri Corridor, a narrow strip of Indian territory wedged between Bhutan and Bangladesh. Routing all cargo destined for the northeast through this corridor causes significant transportation delays and cost overheads. India attempted negotiating with Bangladesh since the 1970s for transit access from the Bay of Bengal to these states, but was repeatedly denied access by the latter.

The USD 500 million Kaladan project was hence conceived as an alternative, aimed at accelerating infrastructure and economic development in both India and Myanmar. The project includes the construction of a deepwater port at the mouth of the Kaladan River in Sittwe, the dredging of the river to enable cargo vessels to navigate the river from Sittwe to Mizoram in India, the construction of a river port at Paletwa in Myanmar's Chin State and the upgrade of highways from Paletwa to Myeikwa on the Indo-Myanmar border.[1]

An agreement on the project was signed between the governments of India and Myanmar in April 2009.[1] The contract for the construction for the Sittwe port was awarded to the Essar Group of India. The USD 120 Million port is being funded through a long-term interest-free credit line from India. Construction started in 2010, and is expected to be completed by June 2013.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Construction of Sittwe Port for Kaladan Multiple River Project Starts". Indo-Burma News. 2010-12-01. Retrieved 2011-10-13. 
  2. ^ "Hindu Puja Held for Sittwe Port". Burma News International. 2011-09-20. Retrieved 2011-10-13. 
  3. ^ "India seeks to deepen economic ties with Myanmar". The Times of India. 2011-10-14. 

Coordinates: 20°08′40″N 92°53′49″E / 20.14444°N 92.89694°E / 20.14444; 92.89694