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|Proper breathing (pranayama) Exercise (asanas) Relaxation (savasana) Diet (vegetarian) Positive thinking and meditation (vedanta and dhyana).|
Sivananda yoga, after teachings of Swami Sivananda, is a non-proprietary form of hatha yoga in which the training focuses on an integrative approach to yogic disciplines. Sivananda Yoga is a school of traditional Hatha yoga. The discipline teaches the 4 paths of yoga; karma, bhakti, raja & jnana and requests the student practice all four and eventually picking one main path as the focus with the others being supplementary. Sivananda Yoga teachers are all graduates of the Sivananda Yoga Teacher Training Course, and students widely range in age and degrees of ability. Sivananda training revolves around meditation, mantras, yoga asana and mind control. No music is played during the class to allow the student to focus on the practice. The asana classes start with pranayama (breathe control), asanas, auto-suggestion & a guided relaxation at the end. They also teach different yoga texts, mind control techniques, have weekly group meditations and other courses in different yogic disciplines.
The Sivananda training system aims to teach an authentique Vedic system of yoga and believes that retaining the vitality of the body is a by product of the discipline and not the goal. The system philosophies are summarized in 5 principles.
- Proper exercise: Asanas
- Proper breathing: Pranayama
- Proper relaxation: Savasana
- Proper diet: Vegetarian. A yogic diet is encouraged, limited to sattvic foods, void of rajasic foods as well as tamasic foods
- Positive thinking and meditation: Vedanta and Dhyana
A session of training typically starts with every practitioner resting in Savasana, and begins with Pranayama (breathing exercises) Kapalabhati and Anuloma Viloma, preceding rounds of Sūrya namaskāra, before the standard program of the 12 basic asanas. A session averages 90 minutes, and the traditional program has a series that is followed rigidly by the instructor, allowing for some advanced variations and modifications in the later part of the sequence. The training is meant to control the mind with repetition and discipline. The school teaches the more you change the system the more you allow your mind to control you rather than using your body to control the mind. The class ends with a relaxation led by the instructor. The class begins and ends with mantras to help open/close the session with mindfulness and dedication.
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|Wikiversity has learning resources about Yoga oracle#61|
- Five points of Yoga from International Sivananda Yoga Vedanta Centres