Sivasagar district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Sivasagar District)
Jump to: navigation, search
Sivasagar district
শিৱসাগৰ জিলা
District of Assam
Location of Sivasagar district in Assam
Location of Sivasagar district in Assam
Country India
State Assam
Administrative division Sivasagar Division
Headquarters Sivasagar
Tehsils 1. Amguri 2. Gaurisagar 3. Sivasagar 4. Demow 5. Nazira 6. Hapekhati 7. Lakowa 8. West Abhayapuri 9. Sonari
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Jorhat
 • Assembly seats 1. Amguri, 2. Sivasagar 3. Thowra 4. Nazira 5. Sonari 6. Mahmora
Area
 • Total 2,668 km2 (1,030 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,150,253
 • Density 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 81.36 %
 • Sex ratio 951 per 1000 male
Major highways NH-37
Website Official website

Sivasagar district {Pron: ˈsɪvəˌsʌgə(r) or ˈʃɪvəˌsʌgə(r)} (Assamese: শিৱসাগৰ জিলা), formerly known as Sibsagar, is one of the 27 districts of Assam state in north-eastern India. Sivasagar city is the administrative headquarters of this district.

History[edit]

1983 saw the formation of Jorhat district from land previously in Sivasagar.[1] This was repeated 15 August 1987 with the creation of Golaghat district.[1]

Geography[edit]

The district is situated between 26.45° and 27.15° north latitudes and 94.25° and 95.25° east longitudes. Sivasagar district occupies an area of 2,668 square kilometres (1,030 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Estonia's Saaremaa Island.[3]

The Naga Hills lie towards the South, while the Brahmaputra river is on the North. The district is mostly flat alluvial plain with hillocks on South-eastern and Southern areas near Nagaland border.

Economy[edit]

Industry in Sivasagar: The main industries in Sivasagar are oil industry and tea industry. Majority of the population are agrarian.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Sivasagar district has a population of 1,150,253,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Timor-Leste[5] or the US state of Rhode Island.[6] This gives it a ranking of 406th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 431 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,120 /sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 9.37%.[4] Sivasagar has a sex ratio of 951 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 81.36%.[4]

Hindus 927,706 (88.16%), Muslims 85,761 (8.15%). The main communities living in the district are Ahoms, Tea-tribes, Sutiya, Sonowal Kachari, Mising and Deori. There are also a few villages of Buddhist tribes like Khamyang and Turung people. Moreover there is a small population of Konyak, Manipuri and Nocte living in certain parts of the district.

Flora and Fauna[edit]

In 1999, Sivasagar district became home to the Panidihing Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 34 km2 (13.1 sq mi).[7] There are also many reserve forests like Abhaypur, Dilli, Diroi, Geleky and Saleh. There are some unclassified forests along the Nagaland and Arunachal border. The vegetation is mostly Tropical Evergreen with trees like Hollong, Titachapa, Nahor, Mekai etc. dominating the canopy. The district is also rich in fauna. Various rare and endangered mammals like Tiger, Elephant, Sun Bear, Sambar, Hoolock Gibbon etc. are found in the reserve forests.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Assam: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1116. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Saaremaa 2,672km2" 
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Timor-Leste 1,177,834 July 2011 est." 
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Rhode Island 1,052,567" 
  7. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 26°59′03.90″N 94°37′53.07″E / 26.9844167°N 94.6314083°E / 26.9844167; 94.6314083