S. Kathiravelupillai

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Honourable
S. Kathiravelupillai
MP
சி. கதிரவேலுப்பிள்ளை
Sivasubramaniam Kathiravelupillai.jpg
Member of the Ceylonese Parliament
for Kopay
In office
1965–1981
Preceded by M. Balasundaram
Succeeded by M. Alalasundaram
Personal details
Born (1924-10-24)24 October 1924
Died 31 March 1981(1981-03-31) (aged 56)
Madras, India
Political party Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi
Other political
affiliations
Tamil United Liberation Front
Alma mater University of Ceylon
Profession Lawyer
Religion Hindu
Ethnicity Sri Lankan Tamil

Sivasubramaniam Kathiravelupillai (Tamil: சிவசுப்பிரமணியம் கதிரவேலுப்பிள்ளை; 24 October 1924 – 31 March 1981) was a Sri Lankan Tamil lawyer, politician and Member of Parliament.

Early life and family[edit]

Kathiravelupillai was born on 24 October 1924.[1][2] He was the son of Sivasubramaniam, a proctor from Irupalai in northern Ceylon.[3] After school he entered the University of Ceylon to study a degree in philosophy.[2] He studied law later.[2]

Career[edit]

After qualifying Kathiravelupillai practised civil law.[2]

Kathiravelupillai stood as the Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi's (Federal Party) candidate in Jaffna at the March 1960 and July 1960 parliamentary elections but on each occasion was defeated by independent candidate Alfred Duraiappah.[4][5] He stood as the ITAK candidate in Kopay at the 1965 parliamentary election. He won the election and entered Parliament.[6] Kathiravelupillai played a leading role in the 1961 satyagraha campaign organised by ITAK.[2] He was re-elected at the 1970 parliamentary election.[7]

On 14 May 1972 the ITAK, All Ceylon Tamil Congress, Ceylon Workers' Congress, Eelath Thamilar Otrumai Munnani and All Ceylon Tamil Conference formed the Tamil United Front, later renamed Tamil United Liberation Front (TULF).[8][9][10][11] In 1973 Kathiravelupillai published a pamphlet titled A Statement on Eelam: Co-Existence – Not Confrontation, considered one of the most important documents in the Tamil independence movement, which articulated the reasons why the two nations - Tamils and Sinhalese - needed to co-exist on the island of Ceylon in separate states.[12][13] Kathiravelupillai was the TULF's candidate in Kopay at the 1977 parliamentary election and was re-elected.[14]

Kathiravelupillai died on 31 March 1981 in Madras, India.[2]

Works[edit]

  • Glimpses of Western Philosophy
  • Rubaiyat of Omar Khayam (1961, translation)
  • A Statement on Eelam: Co-Existence – Not Confrontation (1973)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Past Members: Kathiravelupillai, Sivasubramaniam". Parliament of Sri Lanka. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Eelaventhan, M. K. (3 April 2005). "S. Kathiravelupillai, MP : A powerful intellectual". Sunday Observer (Sri Lanka). 
  3. ^ Arumugam, S. (1997). Dictionary of Biography of the Tamils of Ceylon. p. 205. 
  4. ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1960-03-19" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  5. ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1960-07-20" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  6. ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1965" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  7. ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1970" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. 
  8. ^ Ross, Russell R.; Savada, Andrea Matles, eds. (1990). Sri Lanka : A Country Study (PDF). Library of Congress. p. 51. 
  9. ^ Chattopadhyaya, Haraprasad (1994). Ethnic Unrest in Modern Sri Lanka: An Account of Tamil-Sinhalese Race Relations. M. D. Publications. p. 33. ISBN 81-85880-52-2. 
  10. ^ Amarasinghe, Samanga (2011). Independence to Referendum. Lulu Enterprises. p. 188. ISBN 978-1-105-01908-1. 
  11. ^ Rajasingham, K. T. "Chapter 23: Srimavo's constitutional promiscuity". Sri Lanka: The Untold Story. 
  12. ^ Sri Kantha, Sachi (4 February 2005). "Kathiravelupillai's Eelam Statement Revisited on the 57th Anniversary of Sri Lankan Independence". Ilankai Tamil Sangam. 
  13. ^ Wilson, A. Jeyaratnam (1988). The Break-up of Sri Lanka: The Sinhalese-Tamil Conflict. C. Hurst & Co. p. 90. ISBN 1-85065-033-0. 
  14. ^ "Result of Parliamentary General Election 1977" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.