Siwan district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Siwan district
Location of Siwan district in Bihar
Location of Siwan district in Bihar
Country India
StateBihar
DivisionSaran
HeadquartersSiwan, Bihar
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesSiwan
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesSiwan, Ziradei, Darauli, Raghunathpur, Daraunda, Barharia, Goriakothi, Maharajganj
Area
 • Total2,219 km2 (857 sq mi)
Area rank24th in the state of Bihar
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,330,465
 • Density1,501/km2 (3,890/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy69.45%
 • Sex ratio988
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 85
Websitesiwan.nic.in

Siwan district is one of the districts of Bihar state, India. Siwan town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Siwan district is a part of Saran Division since 1972. The district was previously also known as Aliganj Siwan after the name of Raja Ali Bux Khan. Siwan has historical and mythological importance attached to it. Member of Parliament from Siwan is Kavita Singh.[1]

The district occupies an area of 2,219 square kilometres (857 sq mi).[2]

History[edit]

Siwan district, situated in the western part of the state, was originally a sub-division of Saran district, which in ancient times formed a part of Kosala Kingdom.[3] Siwan became a fully-fledged district when it was split from Saran in 1976.[4]

Siwan was a part of Banaras Kingdom during the 8th century. Muslims came here in the 13th century. Sikandar Lodi brought this area under his kingdom in the 15th century. Babar crossed Ghaghra river near Siswan in his return journey. By the end of the 17th century, the Dutch came first; followed by the English. After the battle of Buxar in 1764, it became a part of Bengal.

Siwan played an important role in 1857 independence movement. A good number of them rebelled and rendered their services to Babu Kunwar Singh. The last ruler of Siwan was Raja Ismail Ali Khan. The anti pardah movement in Bihar was started by Sri Braj Kishore Prasad who also belonged to Siwan in response to the Non Co-Operative movement in 1920.[3]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Siwan District
Religion Percent
Hindus
81.45%
Muslims
18.26%
Others
0.29%

According to the 2011 census Siwan district has a population of 3,330,464. of which 1,675,090 are males while 1,655,374 are females.[5] This gives it a ranking of 101st in India (out of a total of 640).[6] Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 551,418 which is 16.55% of total population of Siwan district.[7] The district has a population density of 1,501 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,890/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.70%.[5] Siwan has a literacy rate of 69.45%[8][9] and sex ratio of 988 females for every 1000 males,[5] Siwan ranks 2nd in terms of sex-ratio (988) against the state’s 918. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 386,685 and 87,000 respectively.[8] Siwan had 534,341 households in 2011.[5]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 93.36% of the population in the district spoke Bhojpuri, 4.30% Urdu and 2.12% Hindi as their first language.[10]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901822,808—    
1911781,902−0.51%
1921799,141+0.22%
1931849,186+0.61%
1941976,835+1.41%
19511,077,453+0.99%
19611,213,268+1.19%
19711,462,067+1.88%
19811,778,930+1.98%
19912,170,971+2.01%
20012,714,349+2.26%
20113,330,464+2.07%
source:[11]

Administrative Division[edit]

Siwan is divided into 2 sub-divisions, 19 Blocks, 4 municipalities[12] and 293 Gram Panchayats (village councils).[13]

District Subdivision CD Block Area (KM2) Population (2011)
1 2 19 2,219 3,330,465
Siwan Maharajganj Basantpur 62.22 105,229
Bhagwanpur Hat 149.40 2,20,651
Goriakothi 138 223,709
Lakri Nabiganj 95.21 1,28,899
Maharajganj 115.48 1,90,217
Daraundha 126.60 1,73,200
Siwan Sadar Andar
Barharia
Darauli
Guthani
HasanPura
Hussainganj
Mairwa
Nautan
Pachrukhi
Raghunathpur
Siswan
Siwan Sadar
Ziradei

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha". loksabhaph.nic.in. Archived from the original on 6 September 2021. Retrieved 2021-09-06.
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  3. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-17. Retrieved 2015-09-24.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Archived from the original on 2011-10-17. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  5. ^ a b c d e Page 22 (2011). "Census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 September 2021.
  6. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-06-11. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  7. ^ Page 31 (2011). "Census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 September 2021.
  8. ^ a b Page 23 (2011). "Census" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 6 September 2021.
  9. ^ "census | District Siwan, Government Of Bihar | India". Retrieved 2021-09-07.
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  11. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  12. ^ "Municipalities | District Siwan, Government Of Bihar | India". Retrieved 2021-09-07.
  13. ^ "Demography | District Siwan, Government Of Bihar | India". Retrieved 2021-09-07.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°12′00″N 84°24′00″E / 26.2000°N 84.4000°E / 26.2000; 84.4000