The Six Assurances are guidelines used in conducting relations between the United States of America and Taiwan. They were proposed in 1982 by the Taiwan authority (the KMT of Republic of China) during negotiations between the United States and People's Republic of China over the Joint Communiqué of the United States of America and the People's Republic of China. The U.S. government agreed to these points and informed the United States Congress of this in July 1982.
There are two versions of Six Assurances. In the first version, which was introduced to the congress by Mr. Chabot on October 28, 2015, the Six Assurances were:
- The United States would not set a date for termination of arms sales to Taiwan;
- The United States would not alter the terms of the Taiwan Relations Act;
- The United States would not consult with China in advance before making decisions about United States arms sales to Taiwan;
- The United States would not mediate between Taiwan and China;
- The United States would not alter its position about the sovereignty of Taiwan which was, that the question was one to be decided peacefully by the Chinese themselves, and would not pressure Taiwan to enter into negotiations with China; and
- The United States would not formally recognize Chinese sovereignty over Taiwan.
However, in the version engrossed by the congress on May 16, 2016, several changes were made to the original version of the Six Assurances:
- “* * * [W]e did not agree to set a date certain for ending arms sales to Taiwan”;
- “* * * [W]e see no mediation role for the United States” between Taiwan and the PRC;
- “* * *[N]or will we attempt to exert pressure on Taiwan to enter into negotiations with the PRC”;
- “* * * [T]here has been no change in our longstanding position on the issue of sovereignty over Taiwan”;
- “We have no plans to seek” revisions to the Taiwan Relations Act; and
- the August 17 Communiqué, “should not be read to imply that we have agreed to engage in prior consultations with Beijing on arms sales to Taiwan”.
- "H.Con.Res.88 - Reaffirming the Taiwan Relations Act and the Six Assurances as the cornerstone of United States-Taiwan relations". October 28, 2015. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
- "H.Con.Res.88 - Reaffirming the Taiwan Relations Act and the Six Assurances as cornerstones of United States-Taiwan relations.". congress.gov. May 16, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- U.S. Department of State Press Release - Nov. 10th, 2004
- The "Six Assurances" to Taiwan
- The July 2007 CRS Report to Congress
- Heritage Foundation: President Reagan's Six Assurances to Taiwan and Their Meaning Today
- Heritage Foundation: Why the Administration Should Reaffirm the "Six Assurances" to Taiwan
- 公投入聯國 美國反對 民進黨不退縮