|Traded as||FWB: SIX2|
|Erich Sixt (CEO and Chairman of the Executive Board), Friedrich Joussen (Chairman of the Supervisory Board)|
Number of employees
Sixt SE is a German multinational car rental company with about 2,100 locations in over 105 countries. Sixt SE acts as a parent and holding company of the Sixt Group, which is internationally active in the business areas of vehicle rental, car sharing, ride-hailing and leasing.
The majority of the company is owned by the Sixt family, who manage the company. The remaining share is tradeable stock: SIX2 (XETRA).
In 1912, Martin Sixt founded the company with a fleet of three cars, creating the first car rental company in Bavaria. During the First World War, the fleet was confiscated and used by the German Army. After the war, business resumed, but the fleet was once again seized by the German Army at the outbreak of World War II. When the war concluded, the company rebounded, establishing a taxi fleet for members of the United States Army stationed in Germany. It then opened a taxi business in Munich with the first radio taxis.
In 1951, the car rental company Auto Sixt was founded. In 1982, Auto Sixt was renamed Sixt Autovermietung GmbH, with the name Sixt/Budget in the logo. The company was transformed again in 1986, this time becoming Sixt AG, a corporation traded on the German stock exchange. In 1988, the subsidiary Sixt Leasing GmbH was established, and in 1993, the operating business of the AG was handed over to another subsidiary, Sixt GmbH & Co Autovermietung KG. Sixt AG acted thereafter as a holding company of the Group.
In 1993, Sixt bought the assets of its competitor Autoverleih Buchbinder, operating the brand briefly before finally discontinuing it. Sixt had failed to secure the naming rights, and subsequently Buchbinder was re-established and continued operating in the market.
In 1999, the Bundesgerichtshof Federal Court (BGH) issue a landmark judgment against Sixt for illegal price fixing, requiring it to pay damages to its franchisees. Sixt had controlled de facto the pricing for the independent franchisees' prices, as they were part of the Germany-wide reservation system. In the event of pricing discrepancies, the rental agreements were returned to Germany. This was deemed inadmissible under German antitrust law (price fixing of the second hand) and forbidden by the BGH.
In 2003, the corporation was forced to defend itself against Hedge Fund Manager Florian Homm, who had speculated on declining stock prices. Homm was ultimately fined for price manipulation. In 2006, Sixt made a bid to take over its competitor, Europcar, when owner Volkswagen offered it for sale. In addition to antitrust concerns (Sixt at that time had approximately 23% market share, Europcar 22%), there was also resistance on the part of the Europcar works council, which feared job cuts after the merger. Volkswagen finally accepted an offer by the French investment company Eurazeo.
Since 2007 and via subsidiary companies, Sixt has operated the online brokerage of motor vehicles with the websites Autocommunity Carmondo, Mystocks, RadAlert, Winebase and autohaus24. In 2010, former employees claimed that Sixt was opposed to setting up a works council. The company's management denied the allegation.
In 2013, Sixt AG was converted to the legal form of a European Company (Societas Europaea) and since then has been called Sixt SE. As part of the transition, a European Works Council ("Sixt Europe Leaders Forum") was founded in 2013. In May 2015, Sixt brought its subsidiary Sixt Leasing AG to the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.
In 2005, the Management Board Compensation Disclosure Act (VorstOG) entered into force. Sixt AG became the first company in Germany to exercise the right not to disclose Directors’ salaries without a shareholder vote of at least 75% majority. CEO Erich Sixt held at this time 56.8% of Sixt ordinary shares, corresponding to 89% of votes at the general meeting, meaning he was essentially able to determine the outcome. Overall, 98% of the voters approved the non-disclosure of executive pay.
The Sixt App
- Sixt, SE, Fact Sheet: Company Profile, updated 6 July 2018, accessed 7 July 2018
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- "BGH, 02.02.1999 - KZR 11/97 - dejure.org". dejure.org.
- Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH (16 July 2006). "Florian Homm: Ein Enfant terrible wird zahm". FAZ.NET.
- "Volkswagen: Sixt bei Europcar in der Endrunde". manager magazin. 1 February 2006.
- Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH (9 March 2006). "Automobile: VW verkauft Autovermieter Europcar nach Frankreich". FAZ.NET.
- "Impressum". autohaus24.de.
- Nowak, Peter. "Sixt bremst Betriebsräte aus (neues deutschland)". www.neues-deutschland.de.
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- "Börsengang: Sixt Leasing wird unabhängig". handelsblatt.com. Reuters. 7 May 2015.
- Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH (14 July 2005). "Autovermietung: Sixt: "Ich will keinen Neid schüren"". FAZ.NET.
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