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Sixt SE
Company typePublic (Societas Europaea)
IndustryCar rental
Founded1912; 112 years ago (1912)
FounderMartin Sixt
Key people
Alexander Sixt and Konstantin Sixt (Co-CEOs), Erich Sixt (Chairman of the Supervisory Board)[1]
RevenueIncrease 3.62 billion (2023)[4]
Decrease €335 million (2023)[4]
Total assetsIncrease €6.45 billion (2023)[4]
Total equityIncrease €2.00 billion (2023)[4]
Number of employees
  • Increase 8,735 (2023)[4]
  • 7,509 (2022)[4]

Sixt SE is an international mobility service provider with about 2,000 locations in more than 100 countries.[5] Sixt SE acts as a parent and holding company of the Sixt Group, which is internationally active in the business areas of vehicle rental, car sharing, ride-hailing, and subscription.

The majority of the company is owned by the Sixt family, who manage the company. The remaining share is tradeable stock: SIX2 (XETRA).[6]



Iveco Daily with Sixt
Iveco Eurocargo with Sixt

In 1912, Martin Sixt founded the company with a fleet of three cars, creating the first car rental company in Bavaria. During the First World War, the fleet was confiscated and used by the German Army. After the war, business resumed, but the fleet was once again seized by the German Army at the outbreak of World War II. When the war concluded, the company rebounded, establishing a taxi fleet for members of the United States Army stationed in Germany. It then opened a taxi business in Munich with the first radio taxis.[citation needed] In 1951, the car rental company Auto Sixt was founded.


In 1982, Auto Sixt was renamed Sixt Autovermietung GmbH, with the name Sixt/Budget in the logo. The company was transformed again in 1986, this time becoming Sixt AG, a corporation traded on the German stock exchange. In 1988, the subsidiary Sixt Leasing GmbH was established.[citation needed]


In 1993, the operating business of the AG was handed over to another subsidiary, Sixt GmbH & Co Autovermietung KG. Sixt AG acted thereafter as a holding company of the group.[citation needed] Also in 1993, Sixt bought the assets of its competitor Autoverleih Buchbinder, operating the brand briefly before finally discontinuing it. Sixt had failed to secure the naming rights, and subsequently Buchbinder was re-established and continued operating in the market.[7]

In 1999, the Federal Court of Justice (BGH) issued a landmark judgment against Sixt for illegal price fixing, requiring it to pay damages to its franchisees. Sixt had de facto controlled the pricing for the independent franchisees' prices, as they were part of the Germany-wide reservation system. In the event of pricing discrepancies, the rental agreements were returned to Germany. This was deemed inadmissible under German antitrust law (price fixing of the second hand) and forbidden by the BGH.[8]


Erich Sixt, 1997

In 2003, the corporation was forced to defend itself against hedge fund manager Florian Homm, who had speculated on declining stock prices. Homm was ultimately fined for price manipulation.[9] In 2005, the Management Board Compensation Disclosure Act (VorstOG) entered into force. Sixt AG became the first company in Germany to exercise the right not to disclose Directors' salaries without a shareholder vote of at least 75% majority. CEO Erich Sixt held at this time 56.8% of Sixt ordinary shares, corresponding to 89% of votes at the general meeting, meaning he was essentially able to determine the outcome. Overall, 98% of the voters approved the non-disclosure of executive pay.[10]

In 2006, Sixt made a bid to take over its competitor, Europcar, when owner Volkswagen offered it for sale. In addition to antitrust concerns (Sixt at that time had approximately 23% market share, Europcar 22%), there was also resistance from the Europcar works council, which feared job cuts after the merger.[11] Volkswagen finally accepted an offer by the French investment company Eurazeo.[12] Since 2007 and via subsidiary companies, Sixt has operated the online brokerage of motor vehicles with the websites Autocommunity Carmondo, Mystocks, RadAlert, Winebase, and autohaus24.[13]


One of the cars of the SIXT Share fleet. Munich, 2019.

In 2010, former employees claimed that Sixt was opposed to setting up a works council. The company's management denied the allegation.[14] In 2011, the company opened its first branch in the USA in Florida.[15] In 2013, Sixt AG was converted to the legal form of a European Company (Societas Europaea) and since then has been called Sixt SE.[16] As part of the transition, a European Works Council ("Sixt Europe Leaders Forum") was founded in 2013. In May 2015, Sixt brought its subsidiary Sixt Leasing AG to the Frankfurt Stock Exchange.[17]

At the beginning of 2018, Sixt sold its shares in car sharing service DriveNow for 209 million euros to its joint venture partner BMW.[18] In February 2019, Sixt started an own mobility platform and a new car sharing service named Sixt share. The services car rental, car sharing, ride hailing and car subscriptions are all combined into one app.[19]


In 2020, Sixt sold all its shares in Sixt Leasing SE in order to focus its business on its mobility services.[20] In June 2020, Sixt acquired 10 concessions at U.S. airports from Advantage Rent a Car. The acquisition increased the number of Sixt stations in the United States to more than 85.[21][22] At end of July 2020, Lyft and Sixt announced a joint venture, where Lyft app users can rent a car from both partners through the app.[23]

In December 2021, the company expanded to Australia via a partnership with the NRMA. One hundred and sixty branches and a total of 16,000 vehicles are thus franchised under the Sixt brand.[24][25][26]

In 2022, Sixt becomes the first car rental company in Europe to offer BYD vehicles.[27]

In December 2023, the company announced it was phasing out Teslas from its lineup following a price cut in that hurt residual values in its lineup. The next month, the company announced it was buying as many as 250,000 vehicles from Stellantis NV. The order would be a combination of traditional combustion engine vehicles, plug-in hybrids, and electric cars to be used in Europe and North America. These moves came amid an industry-wide shift in how non-traditional cars would be used. At the time of the announcement, the company still had plans to electrify up to 90% of its fleet in Europe.[28][29]


  1. ^ Uyttebroeck, Benjamin (2 March 2021). "Sixt closes 2020 with a slight profit and announces new co-CEOs". Fleet Europe. Retrieved 6 October 2021.
  2. ^ Jacobs, Frank (21 February 2020). "Sixt SE sells its leasing business to Hyundai Capital Bank Europe". Fleet Europe. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  3. ^ Jacobs, Frank (18 June 2020). "Sixt launches flexible car subscription SIXT+". FleetEurope. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Sixt SE Annual Report 2023" (PDF). Sixt. March 26, 2024. Retrieved April 27, 2024.
  5. ^ "Annual Report 2021" (PDF). Sixt SE. 2022-03-02. pp. 2, 30. Retrieved 2022-04-08.
  6. ^ Sixt, SE, Fact Sheet: Company Profile, updated 6 July 2018, accessed 7 July 2018
  7. ^ "BUCHBINDER:".
  8. ^ "BGH, 02.02.1999 - KZR 11/97".
  9. ^ Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH (16 July 2006). "Florian Homm: Ein Enfant terrible wird zahm". FAZ.NET.
  10. ^ "Autovermietung: Sixt: 'Ich will keinen Neid schüren'". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 14 July 2005.
  11. ^ "Volkswagen: Sixt bei Europcar in der Endrunde". manager magazin. 1 February 2006.
  12. ^ "Automobile: VW verkauft Autovermieter Europcar nach Frankreich". Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. 9 March 2006.
  13. ^ "Impressum".
  14. ^ Nowak, Peter. "Sixt bremst Betriebsräte aus (neues deutschland)".
  15. ^ Feldman, Amy (2017-11-20). "The Biggest Car Rental Firm You've Never Heard Of: German Magnate Erich Sixt Plans Major U.S. Push". Forbes. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  16. ^ "Sixt SE HRB 206738 Neueintragung Handelsregister".
  17. ^ "Börsengang: Sixt Leasing wird unabhängig". Reuters. 7 May 2015.
  18. ^ Brower-Rabinowitsch, Grischa; Fasse, Markus (2018-07-02). "Car rental Sixt wants to become the uber-Uber". Handelsblatt. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  19. ^ "Sixt verschmilzt Autovermietung und Carsharing". Manager Magazin. 2019-03-01. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  20. ^ "Sixt verkauft Leasing-Tochter an Hyundai-Bank". Handelsblatt. 2020-02-21. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  21. ^ Berger, Paul (2020-07-19). "German Car-Rental Company Sixt Seizes Opportunity in U.S." Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  22. ^ Miebach, Elisa (2020-07-20). "Germany's Sixt Expands in U.S. With Airport Car-Rental Counters". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  23. ^ Korosec, Kirsten (2020-07-30). "Lyft expands its rental business with Sixt partnership". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2021-03-30.
  24. ^ Sürig, Dieter (2 December 2021). "Aus Blau wird Orange". Sü (in German). Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  25. ^ "Sixt Expands in Australia with Franchise Partnership". Auto Rental News. 2 December 2021. Retrieved 16 December 2021.
  26. ^ "SIXT Rent a Car | Truck Hire, Van and Car Rental". Retrieved 2022-09-27.
  27. ^ "BYD Enters Major eMobility Partnership with SIXT". BYD Europe. 4 October 2022.
  28. ^ "Sixt to Phase Out Teslas from Rental Car Fleet on Poor Resale Value". Bloomberg. December 2023. Retrieved 2024-01-16.
  29. ^ "Stellantis Wins Order for 250,000 Cars from Renter Dropping Tesla". Bloomberg. 16 January 2024. Retrieved 2024-01-16.

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