Sixth Battle of the Isonzo

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Sixth Battle of the Isonzo
Part of the Italian Front
(First World War)
WWI - Sixth Battle of the Isonzo - 9th August 1916 Italian cavalry enters Gorizia.jpg
9th August 1916 Italian cavalry enters Gorizia
Date6 August – 17 August 1916
Result Italian victory
Conquest of Gorizia
 Kingdom of Italy  Austria-Hungary
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of Italy Luigi Cadorna
Kingdom of Italy Luigi Capello
Kingdom of Italy Emanuele Filiberto
Austria-Hungary Svetozar Boroević
22 divisions 9 divisions
Casualties and losses
51,000 (21,000 dead) 41,835 (8,000 dead)

The Sixth Battle of the Isonzo also known as the Battle of Gorizia was the most successful Italian offensive along the Soča (Isonzo) River during World War I.


Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf had reduced the Austro-Hungarian forces along the Soča (Isonzo) front to reinforce his Trentino Offensive. Italian Chief-of-Staff Luigi Cadorna made good use of railroads to quickly shift troops from Trentino back to the Isonzo line for an offensive against the weakened Austro-Hungarian defenses.


On 6 August the offensive was launched against Gorizia. The offensive was concentrated in two zones: the hilly area west of the Soča (Isonzo) river near Gorizia the westernmost edge of the Karst Plateau near Doberdò del Lago. In the Battle of Doberdò, the Italians, after bloody hand-to-hand combat, managed to conquer the main transport road leading from the coast town of Duino to Gorizia, thus securing their advance to Gorizia from the south. The Austro-Hungarian forces had to retreat on the line east of Gorizia (Mount Škabrijel), leaving the heavily damaged town to the Italians.

On 8 August, Gorizia fell to Cadorna and a bridgehead was finally established across the Soča (Isonzo) River. The Austro-Hungarians shifted troops to the Gorizia sector to prevent a breakthrough. Content with having established the bridgehead, Cadorna ended the offensive on 17 August.

The attack on Gorizia was the most successful Italian offensive along the Isonzo lines and greatly boosted Italian morale - especially since Gorizia had been promoted as a desirable objective, unattainable in earlier battles. In the wake of the battle Italy finally declared war against Germany, on 28 August.

The Italian generals, in an attempt to make up for their poor equipment, committed the Italian Soldiers to frontal assaults, resulting in massive casualties.

If one compares the number of dead Italians and the number of dead Austrians, the one sided-ness of the proportion highlights the high cost to this limited victory. In addition, like all other battles on the Soča (Isonzo), there were many missing soldiers, victims of the Austrian shelling.


See also[edit]


  • Tucker, Spencer The Great War:1914-18 (1998)

Further reading[edit]

  • Schindler, John R. (2001). Isonzo: The Forgotten Sacrifice of the Great War. Praeger. ISBN 0275972046. OCLC 44681903.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°55′59″N 13°36′58″E / 45.9330°N 13.6160°E / 45.9330; 13.6160