Sixth Central Pay Commission
|Formed||5 October 2006|
|Dissolved||24 March 2008|
|Jurisdiction||Government of India|
|Parent agency||Ministry of Finance, Government of India|
The Sixth Central Pay commission was set up by Union Cabinet of India on 5 October 2006. :p 28 The Commission, headed by Justice B.N.Srikrishna.The Other members of the commission were Prof. Ravindra Dholakia, Mr. J.S.Mathur and Member-Secretary Ms Sushama Nath, IAS.:para 1.1.5
The Pay Commission submitted its report to Finance Minister P. Chidambaram on 24 March 2008. :p 28 On 29th August, 2008, the government announced it decision to implement the report on "structure of emoluments, allowances, conditions of service and retirement benefits of Central Government employees including... the Defence Forces", 'subject to some modifications'. :p 28
Sixth Central Pay Commission, unlike the earlier Central Pay Commissions(CPC), was given wide remit. Its Terms of Reference, were expansive and went well beyond recommending "a proper pay package for the Government employees". It included making recommendations rationalizing the governmental organization and structure to make them more "modern, professional and citizen friendly entities that are dedicated to the service of the people". :para 1.1.6–7
- 1 Report
- 2 Financial Implication
- 3 Highlights
- 4 Anomalies
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The United Progressive Alliance (UPA) Government headed by Manmohan Singh, approved the Sixth Pay commission recommendations with some modifications on 14 August 2008. Revised pay were implemented with effect from 01.01.2006  :p 31, para 2 and allowances with effect from 01.09.2008.The report led to a 6% increase in dearness allowance for central govt employees from 16% to 22%.
The 6CPC estimated that that financial implication of its recommendations would be "Rs.7975 crore for the year 2008-09, and an additional, one-time burden of Rs.18060 crore on payment of arrears".:p 649, para 11.52
Ranks and Grade Pay
The sixth pay commission, in a departure from earlier pay commission, created 20 distinct pay grades or ranks in the Government hierarchy , with intent to determine the status,:p 1–2 and the Seniority of a post.:para 2.2.11 The Pay grades were also intended to make "Pay scales ..irrelevant for purposes of computing seniority".:para 2.2.13 :p 1–2 The highest grades/rank of the Secretary/equivalent('apex scale'), and Cabinet Secretary/equivalent, were outside the grade pay gradation, and were assigned a fixed scale of pay.:p 1–2
Running Pay Bands
The 6th Pay Commission recommended four running pay bands (excluding -1S) containing 20 grades for civilian employees as well as for the Defence Forces.:para 1.1.8The commission explained that the pay-band would (a) ease stagnation,by opening "promotional avenues...even though no functional justification for higher posts may exist" (b)ease problems of 'pay fixation' and remove "many of the pay scale related anomalies". Another innovation, was the creation of "additional separate running pay band... the scale of Rs.18400-22400 in higher administrative grade".:para 1.1.5,1.2.8–9
The report had many anomalies. To deal with anomalies the government established Anomalies Committees to examine "individual, post-specific and cadre-specific anomalies", and submit its report within a year.:p 31, para 6
The armed forces which was not represented on 6CPC was particularly disappointed with the report and decisions by the UPA government. The anomalies pointed out by the armed forces have yet to be addressed. The failure to address the anomalies, and implement One Rank One Pay (OROP), provoked unprecedented public agitation by the former members of armed forces. In November 2015, Maj Gen Satbir Singh, Chairman IESM, said there were still 40 pending anomalies which have yet to be resolved.
Running Pay Bands and the armed Forces
The 6th Pay Commission controversially recommended clubbing four selection grade military ranks, Lt Colonel to Maj General and their equivalent in the navy and Air Force, in the same running pay band as for civilian time scale ranks with 4 to 16 years of service. This radical recommendation, which the UPA Government accepted without questioning, made major generals, rear admirals, and air marshals, a highly selective rank, at par with time scale appointments tenable by Civilian officers with 16 years of service. UPA Government implementation of these radical suggestions, has been a continuing cause of widespread dismay amongst servicing officers, and ex-servicemen.  :p 1 
Time Scale Civil-Police promotions
Following the 6CPC the UPA Government made promotions in the Indian Police Service and other Civil Services time bound. For instance, Indian Police Service officers are promoted on fixed time table, more or less independent of functional requirements or span of responsibility , upto the level of Inspector Generals of Police. Promotions are mandated on completion of 4, 9, 13, 14, and 18 years of service as tabulated below. :p 155-56, section 3 Time bound promotion have led to police organizations becoming top heavy, and unwieldy. For instance, Delhi Police, which had one Inspector General (IG), till the seventies, now has 12 officers in the apex and HAG grades, a pay grade higher than that of most Lt Generals of the Indian army. in addition it has several dozen IGs, as it is a time bound rank to which all officers on completion of 18 years service are automatically promoted. Most IG's functions and responsibilities are no different from that of earlier era DIGs and Superintendents of police. :Senior Duty Posts under Government of Delhi, p 177
|Civilian Designation of Post:page 20 and 34||Police Ranks:p 155-56, section 3 ||Years of service for promotion||Pay band||Grade Pay ₹||Police badges of rank.
The Police in India, including the Central Armed Police, wear army style uniforms, similar badges of rank, fly flags, display stars on cars, uses sirens, red flashing beacon lights, escort cars etc
|Junior Scale||Assistant Commissioner of Police||1-4||Pay-Band - 3 ₹15600-39100||₹5400||corresponds to army Lieutenant/captain.|
|Senior Scale (Under Secretary)||Superintendent Police (SP)/ Additional Deputy Commissioner of Police||4||Pay-Band - 3 ₹15600-39100||₹6600||time scale corresponds to army captains. Wear army Major badges of rank.|
|Senior Scale: Junior Administrative Grade (Deputy Secretary)||SP/ Deputy Commissioner of Police||9||Pay-Band - 3: ₹15600-39100||₹7600||7600 grade pay created a major anomaly. Army majors, and their equivalent with 9 years and more service, remained in 6600 grade pay till 13 years of service, while officers from all other services in the time scale jumped to 7600 grade pay after 9 years including in the Defence accounts, and the Indian police. IPS, which wears army style badges, instead of wearing equivalent badges of rank, started to wear Lt Colonel badges of rank.|
|Senior Scale: Selection Grade (Director)||SP/ Senior SP||13||Pay-Band - 4 ₹37400-67000||₹8700||8700 grade pay also created a major anomaly. Army Lt Colonels , and their equivalent with 13 years and more service, and remained at RS 8000 grade pay till they were promoted Colonel, a highly selective selection grade rank, tenable after 16-18 years of service.
In comparison all Officers from civil services jumped to 8700 grade pay, a time scale position, after 13 years including in the Defence accounts, and the Indian police. IPS, which wears army style badges, instead of wearing major or Lt Colonel type badges of rank as they use to, started to wear Colonel type badges of rank.
|Super Time Scale (Director)||Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG)/Additional Commissioner of Police||14||Pay-Band - 4 ₹37400-67000||₹ 8900||Time scale, on completion of 14 years service of service all Police Officers get to wear army Brigadier badges of rank, and get the same grade pay as brigade commanders, Air Commodores, and Navy Commodores, with 24-28 years of service.|
|Super Time Scale (Joint Secretary)||Inspector General of Police||16 for IAS:page 20 -18 for IPS||Pay-Band - 4 ₹37400-67000||₹10000||time scale, all police officers on completion of 18 years wear Major General's badges of rank, and get same grade pay as General Officers Commanding of Infantry and Armoured Divisions, who on an average have 32 years of service. In comparison with 100 percent promotion to this rank in police, army, airforce and navy, have an approval rating of about 2 percent, to the rank of Major General, Rear Admiral, and Air Vice Marshals.|
|Above super Time scale (Additional Secretary)||Additional Director General of Police||24||₹67000(annual increment @3%) -79000||-||All IAS/IPS assured promotion to this level because of significant increase in post at this and above this level. Additional Director General of Police (ADGP) wear Lieutenant General badges of rank, and are in same pay grade as corps commanders. Less than .13 percent officers in the army, air force and navy promoted as Lt generals.|
|Above Super Time Scale : HAG plus (Special Secretary)||Additional/Special Director General of Police||26-32||₹75500- (annual increment@ 3%)-80000||nil||Significant number of IAS/ IPS officers are promoted to Special DG especially after the large up-gradation of police ranks by the UPA Government of Manmohan Singh, Prime minister. They also wear Lieutenant Generals badges of rank.|
|Secretary/ special secretary||Director General of Police||32||₹80000 (fixed)||nil||Age permitting, most IPS officers expect to reach the DG/equivalent pay grade, ie, apex grade. DG wear Lieutenant General badges of rank, and are in same pay grade as Army Corps commanders. Following the UPA Governments creation of approximately 30 new post for police officers in the apex grade, in 2008, most police Officers retire at the highest pension.|
Up Graduation of heads of Central and State Police Forces
Following the sixth Pay Commission report, the UPA Government, in recognition of the growing role and influence of Ministry of Home(MHA), India's Interior Ministry, promoted the heads of the five police led Central Para Military Forces, to the highest grade pay, or the apex scale, with pay scale of Rs.80,000 (fixed). The promotions to apex grade includes not only the heads of the bigger forces like the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), and Border Security Force (BSF), but also the smaller MHA Forces, like the Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP), Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) (CISF) and Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB). :page 645-46 :para 3.2.12  In addition to these promotions, the Government also promoted the Director General of The Railway Police, to highest grade pay, or the apex scale of Rs 80,000(fixed). In addition to promotions in the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF), the Government, prompted by political considerations, also approved the promotion of Director General of Police of States to the highest grade pay, or the apex scale of Rs 80,000(fixed). This made the Director Generals(DG) of these Central and state Forces at par in rank, pay, and status with secretaries to the Government of India, Armed Forces senior most Lieutenant Generals, Air Marshals and Vice Admirals. In sum, the government taking its cue from Sixth Pay Commission, promoted several dozen officers from the Indian Police service to the highest pay grade tenable in the civil-military hierarchy.  The only MHA Armed Forces left out from up gradation to the higher grades was the Assam rifles, which is headed by an army Lt General, and the National Security Guard (NSG), which has a sizable army component.
The UPA Government, in the wake of 6CPC, to placate the MHA's police led Armed Forces, and Indian Police Service officers, implemented "Non Functional " ranks. According to this "whenever any Indian Administrative Service officer .....in pay band 3 or pay band 4, is promoted, members of the Indian Police service and other All India Services (AIS), senior to such officers will be automatically be eligible to be "appointed to the same grade on non-functional basis from the date of posting of the Indian Administrative Service officer in that particular grade". This rule, although welcomed by the AIS, is source of sloth, and waste. As a result, all members of the IAS, and majority of the officers AIS, ie, all the officers of the Government of India from these services, in time, are 'promoted' to apex grades, the highest pay grade, irrespective of their responsibilities or span of control. :p 156 note 3, and Annexure -I, p 319
- "Gazette of India: EXTRAORDINARY:Part I-Sec. I" (PDF). New Delhi: MINISTRY OF FINANCE (Department of Expenditure). 29 August 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- Sixth Central Pay Commission (March 2008). "Report of the Sixth Central Pay Commission" (PDF). Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Ministry of Finance. p. 9. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- SIXTH CENTRAL PAY COMMISSION (March 2008). "REPORT OF THE SIXTH CENTRAL PAY COMMISSION HIGHLIGHTS" (PDF). http://finmin.nic.in/6cpc/index.asp. Ministry Of Finance, Government of india. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- Singh, Maj Gen Satbir (21 November 2015). "Existing Anomalies and further Degradation/ Downgradation of Military by the 7th the Pay Commission Report". UNITED FRONT OF EX –SERVICEMEN (UFESM).
- Bhatt, Sheela (27 April 2008). "A General's letter in anguish to the PM". New Delhi: Rediff India Abroad. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Singh, Surjit, Major General, (Retd) (2008). "One-Rank One-Pension: CLAWS ISSUE BRIEF No. 4, 2008" (PDF). Delhi Cantonment: CENTRE FOR LAND WARFARE STUDIES (CLAWS). Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- Singh, Surjit, Maj. Gen. (Retd) (23 Feb 2009). "Indian military: Nation owes you:An Introduction to One-Rank-One-Pension (OROP)". Vijayvaani.com. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
- "INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (PAY) RULES, 2007" (PDF). DOPT. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions (20 September 2008). "Revision of the pay scales of Indian Administrative Service officers on the recommendations of the 6 th Central Pay Commission - Amendment to IAS (Pay) Rules.". Department of Personnel and Training North Block, New Delhi. p. p20, 34. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
- Police Division, Ministry Of Home Affairs (July 2015). "Service Profile for Indian Police Service (IPS)" (PDF). MHA. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
- Department of Personnel & Training (DOPT). "INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (PAY) RULES, 2007" (PDF). Government Of India Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & ... Department of Personnel & Training (DOPT). Retrieved 26 May 2015.
- Shukla, Avay (17 August 2015). "The bitter truth about OROP". HillPost. Retrieved 28 August 2015.
Avay Shukla, Indian Administrative Service, HP Cadre, 1975 batch , who retired December 2010, and is in receipt of OROP like all retired IAS officers
- Report of the Sixth Central Pay Commission Ministry of Finance