6th century BC

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The 6th century BC started on the first day of 600 BC and ended on the last day of 501 BC.

In Western Asia, the first half of this century was dominated by the Neo-Babylonian Empire, which had risen to power late in the previous century after successfully rebelling against Assyrian rule. The Kingdom of Judah came to an end in 586 BC when Babylonian forces under Nebuchadnezzar II captured Jerusalem, and removed most of its population to their own lands. Babylonian rule was ended in the 540s by Cyrus, who founded the Persian Empire in its stead. The Persian Empire continued to expand and grew into the greatest empire the world had known at the time.

In Iron Age Europe, the Celtic expansion was in progress. China was in the Spring and Autumn period.

The world in the 6th century BC[edit]

Map of the Eastern Hemisphere in 600 BC, the beginning of the sixth century BC.
Map of the Eastern Hemisphere in 500 BC, the end of the sixth century BC.


590s BC[edit]

Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta

580s BC[edit]

An engraving on an eye stone of onyx with an inscription of Nebuchadnezzar II
Medieval image of Thales

570s BC[edit]

560s BC[edit]

Croesus on the pyre, Attic red-figure amphora
Faravahar, a symbol of Zoroastrianism in Persepolis

550s BC[edit]

540s BC[edit]

530s BC[edit]

Tomb of Cyrus in Pasargadae

520s BC[edit]

Gautama Buddha

510s BC[edit]

Image of Laozi

500s BC[edit]

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

Sovereign states[edit]


  1. ^ "History of the SUDAN". www.historyworld.net. 2007. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2007.
  2. ^ Daniel 10:4 Bible Online